Electroconvulsive Therapy in Children and Adolescents

ISBN : 9780199937899

Neera Ghaziuddin; Garry Walter
320 ページ
164 x 237 mm

This is a pioneering book and is the first book of its kind. The book offers guidance about the use of ECT in adolescents with up to date and concise information. The editors of the book are Neera Ghaziuddin MD, MRCPsych (University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, USA), and Garry Walter, MD, Ph.D. (University of Sydney, Australia) who spear-headed the re-introduction of ECT as a safe and an effective treatment option for a subgroup of adolescents with severe psychiatric disorders. This book offers a review of the existing literature, firsthand experience of the authors regarded as experts in their respective field and highly informative case descriptions. The book also offers a historical perspective, explaining the reasons why ECT fell out of favor, particularly among child and adolescent psychiatrists, and the resulting lost opportunity to train clinicians over many decades. Starting around the 1990's, there has been a revival of interest, probably due to the recognition of treatment resistance among some adolescents. The chapter about the mechanism of action ECT describes biological mechanisms that are known to underlie mental illness. Other chapters include a discussion about stigma associated with ECT, ethical and informed consent issues, a step-by-step guidance about using ECT, use of anesthesia during ECT and the interaction between ECT and medications. In addition, its use in youth with general medical and neurological disorders is described. The chapter detailing side effects of the treatment dispels misinformation and indicates that ECT is a safe, painless and a highly effective procedure which is not associated with any lasting side effects. The use of ECT in the treatment of specific disorders (mood and psychotic disorders, severe self-injury and catatonia) is described under respective chapters using case examples. Lay readers, families and patients considering this treatment will find the question and answer subsections at the end of each chapter useful. The experience of the editors gives a unique insight to ECT, dispelling myths and stigma and guides the reader about its proper use.


About the Editors
1. The History of Pediatric ECT
Edward Shorter
2. The Mechanism of Action of ECT
Max Fink
3. ECT and Stigma
Andrew McDonald and Garry Walter
4. Ethical and Consent Aspects
Michael Robertson, Joseph M. Rey and Garry Walter
5. A Practical Guide to Using ECT in Minors
Neera Ghaziuddin, Elise Hodges and Polly Gipson
6. ECT in Young People with Comorbid Medical and Neurological Disorders
Daniel F. Maixner
7. Anesthesia
Daniel Gih, Emma Taylor and Bernard Biermann
8. Side-effects
Angele Consoli, William de Carvalho and David Cohen
9. ECT for Adolescent Mood Disorders
Neera Ghaziuddin
10. ECT for Schizophrenia Spectrum Disorders
Yuval Bloch, Daniel Stein and Garry Walter
11. ECT for Catatonia in Autism
Dirk Dhossche and Lee Wachtel
12. ECT for Self-injurious Behaviour
Lee Wachtel and Dirk Dhossche


Neera Ghaziuddin, MD, MRCPsych is Associate Professor of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry at the University of Michigan Ann Arbor, appointed to the Faculty in 1992. She directs the Treatment Resistant Disorder clinic and trains future generations of child psychiatrists about the use of electroconvulsive therapy in youth. She has published extensively about ECT and adolescent mood disorders. She is the primary author of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry Practice Parameters for the use of ECT, published in 2004. In 2002 she received the ECT Investigator Award for the paper titled, The use of electroconvulsive therapy in minors: experience, attitudes of child psychiatrists and psychologists. ; Garry Walter MD, PhD is Professor of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry at the University of Sydney and Clinical Director of Child and Adolescent Mental Health Services in Northern Sydney Local Health District, Australia. He is also Adjunct Professor at Dalhousie University, Canada. A child and adolescent psychiatrist, in 2002 he completed a doctorate on ECT in young people. He is the long-standing Editor of Australasian Psychiatry, International Editor-at-Large of the Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and a member of several other Editorial Boards, including for over a decade the Journal of ECT. He has published over 300 papers and received many prestigious research prizes, including for his studies on ECT, other psychiatric treatments and stigma. In 2012 he was appointed a Member of the Order of Australia by the country's Governor-General for service to medicine in the fields of adolescent mental health, medical education and publishing.