OXFORD UNIVERSITY PRESS

Managerial Economics in a Global Economy (7th edition)

ISBN : 9780199811786

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¥15,389
著者: 
Dominick Salvatore
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784 ページ
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Hardcover
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201 x 243 mm
刊行日
2011年07月
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Reflecting the highly globalized nature of tastes, production, labor markets, and financial markets in today's world, Managerial Economics in a Global Economy, Seventh Edition, is ideal for undergraduate and MBA courses in managerial economics. Thoroughly adopting a global perspective, it synthesizes economic theory, decision science, and business administration studies, examining how they interact as a firm strives to reach optimal profitability and efficiency in the face of modern constraints. FEATURES: * Integrates examples, data, and theories on the international ramifications of managerial decisions into the entire text, rather than segregating the material in a separate chapter * Demonstrates how firms actually reach managerial decisions with 122 real-world case studies and 11 more extensive integrating studies, along with additional case studies and applications on the Companion Website * Prominently features those tools of decision making, such as spreadsheet applications, that are so in demand by students * Introduces many new and exciting topics, including firm architecture, firm governance, and business ethics; Porter's strategic framework and the evolution of the creative firm; electronic commerce and risk management; and more * Offers instructors maximum flexibility with a modular structure that is suitable for both full-term and briefer courses, and can be used with or without calculus NEW TO THIS EDITION: * Extensive revisions to every chapter that consider the consequences and lessons of the 2008 global financial crisis * A new Chapter 2: Demand, Supply, and Equilibrium Analysis, to refresh students on relevant principles of economic analysis * Expanded coverage of spreadsheets and Microsoft Excel, including new appendices and spreadsheet-based problems in every chapter * Nearly 80 new or completely updated case studies and 5 new integrating case studies * An updated and expanded Companion Website at www.oup. com/us/salvatore featuring student resources: an online study guide, an extra chapter on linear programming, and additional case studies * An extensive instructor ancillary package, including online resources, making this text the perfect choice for lecture-based, online, or hybrid managerial economics courses

目次: 

About the Author
Preface
PART ONE. INTRODUCTION
CHAPTER 1. THE NATURE AND SCOPE OF MANAGERIAL ECONOMICS
1-1. THE SCOPE OF MANAGERIAL ECONOMICS
Definition of Managerial Economics
Relationship to Economic Theory
Relationship to the Decision Sciences
Relationship to the Functional Areas of Business Administration Studies
1-2. THE BASIC PROCESS OF DECISION MAKING
1-3. THE THEORY OF THE FIRM
Reasons for the Existence of Firms and Their Functions
The Objective and Value of the Firm
Constraints on the Operation of the Firm
Limitations of the Theory of the Firm
1-4. THE NATURE AND FUNCTION OF PROFITS
Business versus Economic Profit
Theories of Profit
Function of Profit
1-5. BUSINESS ETHICS
1-6. THE INTERNATIONAL FRAMEWORK OF MANAGERIAL ECONOMICS
1-7. MANAGERIAL ECONOMICS AND THE INTERNET
SUMMARY * DISCUSSION QUESTIONS * PROBLEMS
APPENDIX: SOLVING MANAGERIAL DECISION PROBLEMS USING SPREADSHEETS
Microsoft Excel
Example
Solution
SPREADSHEET PROBLEM * SUPPLEMENTARY READINGS
CHAPTER 2. DEMAND, SUPPLY, AND EQUILIBRIUM ANALYSIS
2-1. MARKET ANALYSIS
2-2. MARKET DEMAND
Demand Schedule and Demand Curve
Changes in Demand
2-3. MARKET SUPPLY
Supply Schedule and Supply Curve
Changes in Supply
2-4. WHEN IS A MARKET IN EQUILIBRIUM?
2-5. ADJUSTMENT TO CHANGES IN DEMAND AND SUPPLY: COMPARATIVE STATIC ANALYSIS
Adjustment to Changes in Demand
Adjustment to Changes in Supply
2-6. DOMESTIC DEMAND AND SUPPLY, IMPORTS, AND PRICES
2-7. INTERFERING WITH VERSUS WORKING THROUGH THE MARKET
SUMMARY * DISCUSSION QUESTIONS * PROBLEMS * SPREADSHEET PROBLEMS
APPENDIX: THE ALGEBRA OF DEMAND, SUPPLY, AND EQUILIBRIUM
Market Equilibrium Algebraically
Shifts in Demand and Supply, and Equilibrium
The Effect of an Excise Tax
APPENDIX PROBLEMS * SUPPLEMENTARY READINGS
CHAPTER 3. OPTIMIZATION TECHNIQUES AND NEW MANAGEMENT TOOLS
3-1. METHODS OF EXPRESSING ECONOMIC RELATIONSHIPS
3-2. TOTAL, AVERAGE, AND MARGINAL RELATIONSHIPS
Total, Average, and Marginal Cost
Geometric Derivation of the Average- and Marginal-Cost Curves
3-3. OPTIMIZATION ANALYSIS
Profit Maximization by the Total-Revenue and Total-Cost Approach
Optimization by Marginal Analysis
3-4. CONSTRAINED OPTIMIZATION
3-5. NEW MANAGEMENT TOOLS FOR OPTIMIZATION
Benchmarking
Total Quality Management
Reengineering
The Learning Organization
3-6. OTHER MANAGEMENT TOOLS FOR OPTIMIZATION
3-7. NEW MANAGEMENT TOOLS AND FUNCTIONAL SPECIALIZATION
SUMMARY * DISCUSSION QUESTIONS * PROBLEMS * SPREADSHEET PROBLEMS
APPENDIX 1: OPTIMIZATION USING SPREADSHEETS
APPENDIX PROBLEM
APPENDIX 2: DIFFERENTIAL CALCULUS AND OPTIMIZATION TECHNIQUES
THE DERIVATIVE AND RULES OF DIFFERENTIATION
The Concept of the Derivative
Rules of Differentiation
OPTIMIZATION WITH CALCULUS
Determining a Maximum or a Minimum by Calculus
Distinguishing between a Maximum and a Minimum: The Second Derivative
MULTIVARIATE OPTIMIZATION
Partial Derivatives
Maximizing a Multivariable Function
CONSTRAINED OPTIMIZATION
Constrained Optimization by Substitution
Constrained Optimization by the Lagrangian Multiplier Method
APPENDIX PROBLEMS * SUPPLEMENTARY READINGS
INTEGRATING CASE STUDY 1: THE DECADE OF STEVE: HOW APPLE'S IMPERIOUS, BRILLIANT CEO TRANSFORMED AMERICAN BUSINESS
The Decade of Steve
Apple's Future
PART TWO. DEMAND ANALYSIS
CHAPTER 4. DEMAND THEORY
4-1. THE DEMAND FOR A COMMODITY
An Individual's Demand for a Commodity
From Individual to Market Demand
The Demand Faced by a Firm
4-2. PRICE ELASTICITY OF DEMAND
Point Price Elasticity of Demand
Arc Price Elasticity of Demand
Price Elasticity, Total Revenue, and Marginal Revenue
Factors Affecting the Price Elasticity of Demand
4-3. INCOME ELASTICITY OF DEMAND
4-4. CROSS-PRICE ELASTICITY OF DEMAND
4-5. USING ELASTICITIES IN MANAGERIAL DECISION MAKING
4-6. INTERNATIONAL CONVERGENCE OF TASTES
4-7 ELECTRONIC COMMERCE
SUMMARY * DISCUSSION QUESTIONS * PROBLEMS * SPREADSHEET PROBLEMS
APPENDIX: BEHIND THE MARKET DEMAND CURVE-THE THEORY OF CONSUMER CHOICE
The Consumer's Tastes: Indifference Curves
The Consumer's Constraints: The Budget Line
The Consumer's Equilibrium
Derivation of the Consumer's Demand Curve
Income and Substitution Effects of a Price Change
The Theory of Consumer Choice Mathematically
APPENDIX PROBLEMS * SUPPLEMENTARY READINGS
CHAPTER 5. DEMAND ESTIMATION
5-1. THE IDENTIFICATION PROBLEM
5-2. MARKETING RESEARCH APPROACHES TO DEMAND ESTIMATION
Consumer Surveys and Observational Research
Consumer Clinics
Market Experiments
Virtual Shopping and Virtual Management
5-3. INTRODUCTION TO REGRESSION ANALYSIS
5-4. SIMPLE REGRESSION ANALYSIS
The Ordinary Least-Squares Method
Tests of Significance of Parameter Estimates
Other Aspects of Significance Tests and Confidence Intervals
Test of Goodness of Fit and Correlation
5-5. MULTIPLE REGRESSION ANALYSIS
The Multiple Regression Model
The Coefficient of Determination and Adjusted R2
Analysis of Variance
Point and Interval Estimates
5-6. PROBLEMS IN REGRESSION ANALYSIS
Multicollinearity
Heteroscedasticity
Autocorrelation
5-7. DEMAND ESTIMATION BY REGRESSION ANALYSIS
Model Specification
Collecting Data on the Variables
Specifying the Form of the Demand Equation
Testing the Econometric Results
5-8. ESTIMATING THE DEMAND FOR U.S. IMPORTS AND EXPORTS
SUMMARY * DISCUSSION QUESTIONS * PROBLEMS
APPENDIX: REGRESSION ANALYSIS WITH EXCEL
Simple Regression
Multiple Regression Analysis
APPENDIX PROBLEMS * SUPPLEMENTARY READINGS
CHAPTER 6. DEMAND FOREUASTING
6-1. QUALITATIVE FORECASTS
Survey Techniques
Opinion Polls
Soliciting a Foreign Perspective
6-2. TIME-SERIES ANALYSIS
Reasons for Fluctuations in Time-Series Data
Trend Projection
Seasonal Variations
6-3. SMOOTHING TECHNIQUES
Moving Averages
Exponential Smoothing
6-4. BAROMETRIC METHODS
6-5. ECONOMETRIC MODELS
Single-Equation Models
Multiple-Equation Models
6-6. INPUT-OUTPUT FORECASTING
SUMMARY * DISCUSSION QUESTIONS * PROBLEMS
APPENDIX: FORECASTING FLUCTUATIONS IN TIME-SERIES ANALYSIS USING EXCEL
Forecasting New-Housing Starts with Regression Analysis
Adjusting the Trend Forecasts of New-Housing Starts for Seasonal Variations by the Ratio-to-Trend Method
Adjusting the Trend Forecasts of New-Housing Starts for Seasonal Variations by Using Seasonal Dummies
APPENDIX PROBLEMS * SUPPLEMENTARY READINGS
INTEGRATING CASE STUDY 2: FORD'S BET: IT'S A SMALL WORLD AFTER ALL
INTEGRATING CASE STUDY 3: ESTIMATING AND FORECASTING THE U.S. DEMAND FOR ELECTRICITY
PART THREE. PRODUCTION AND COST ANALYSIS
CHAPTER 7. PRODUCTION THEORY AND ESTIMATION
7-1. THE ORGANIZATION OF PRODUCTION AND THE PRODUCTION FUNCTION
The Organization of Production
The Production Function
7-2. THE PRODUCTION FUNCTION WITH ONE VARIABLE INPUT
Total, Average, and Marginal Product
The Law of Diminishing Returns and Stages of Production
7-3. OPTIMAL USE OF THE VARIABLE INPUT
7-4. THE PRODUCTION FUNCTION WITH TWO VARIABLE INPUTS
Production Isoquants
Economic Region of Production
Marginal Rate of Technical Substitution
Perfect Substitutes and Complementary Inputs
7-5. OPTIMAL COMBINATION OF INPUTS
Isocost Lines
Optimal Input Combination for Minimizing Costs or Maximizing Output
Profit Maximization
Effect of Change in Input Prices
7-6. RETURNS TO SCALE
7-7. EMPIRICAL PRODUCTION FUNCTIONS
7-8. THE INNOVATION PROCESS
Meaning and Importance of Innovations
The Open Innovation Model
The Next Step in Open Innovation
7-9. INNOVATION AND GLOBAL COMPETITIVENESS
Innovations and the International Competitiveness of U.S. Firms
The New Computer-Aided Production Revolution and the International Competitiveness of U.S. Firms
SUMMARY * DISCUSSION QUESTIONS * PROBLEMS * SPREADSHEET PROBLEMS
APPENDIX: PRODUCTION ANALYSIS WITH CALCULUS
Constrained Output Maximization
Constrained Cost Minimization
Profit Maximization
APPENDIX PROBLEMS * SUPPLEMENTARY READINGS
CHAPTER 8. COST THEORY AND ESTIMATION
8-1. THE NATURE OF COSTS
8-2. SHORT-RUN COST FUNCTIONS
Short-Run Total and Per-Unit Cost Functions
Short-Run Total and Per-Unit Cost Curves
8-3. LONG-RUN COST CURVES
Long-Run Total Cost Curves
Long-Run Average and Marginal Cost Curves
8-4. PLANT SIZE AND ECONOMIES OF SCALE
8-5. LEARNING CURVES
8-6. MINIMIZING COSTS INTERNATIONALLY-THE NEW ECONOMIES OF SCALE
International Trade in Inputs
The New International Economies of Scale
Immigration of Skilled Labor
8-7. LOGISTICS OR SUPPLY-CHAIN MANAGEMENT
8-8. COST-VOLUME-PROFIT ANALYSIS AND OPERATING LEVERAGE
Cost-Volume-Profit Analysis
Operating Leverage
8-9. EMPIRICAL ESTIMATION OF COST FUNCTIONS
Data and Measurement Problems in Estimating Short-Run Cost Functions
The Functional Form of Short-Run Cost Functions
Estimating Long-Run Cost Functions with Cross-Sectional Regression Analysis
Estimating Long-Run Cost Functions with Engineering and Survival Techniques
SUMMARY * DISCUSSION QUESTIONS * PROBLEMS * SPREADSHEET PROBLEMS
APPENDIX: COST ANALYSIS WITH CALCULUS 3
APPENDIX PROBLEMS * SUPPLEMENTARY READINGS
INTEGRATING CASE STUDY 4: PRODUCTION AND COST FUNCTIONS IN THE PETROLEUM INDUSTRY
INTEGRATING CASE STUDY 5: TOYOTA: THE MACHINE THAT RAN TOO HOT
INTEGRATING CASE STUDY 6: STREAMLINED PLANE MAKING
PART FOUR. MARKET STRUCTURE AND PRICING PRACTICES
CHAPTER 9. MARKET STRUCTURE: PERFECT COMPETITION, MONOPOLY, AND MONOPOLISTIC COMPETITION
9-1. MARKET STRUCTURE AND DEGREE OF COMPETITION
9-2. PERFECT COMPETITION
Meaning and Importance of Perfect Competition
Price Determination under Perfect Competition
Short-Run Analysis of a Perfectly Competitive Firm
Short-Run Supply Curve of the Competitive Firm and Market
Long-Run Analysis of a Perfectly Competitive Firm
9-3. COMPETITION IN THE GLOBAL ECONOMY
Domestic Demand and Supply, Imports, and Prices
The Dollar Exchange Rate and the International Competitiveness of U.S. Firms
9-4. MONOPOLY
Sources of Monopoly
Short-Run Price and Output Determination under Monopoly
Long-Run Price and Output Determination under Monopoly
Comparison of Monopoly and Perfect Competition
9-5. MONOPOLISTIC COMPETITION
Meaning and Importance of Monopolistic Competition
Short-Run Price and Output Determination under Monopolistic Competition
Long-Run Price and Output Determination under Monopolistic Competition
Product Variation and Selling Expenses under Monopolistic Competition
SUMMARY * DISCUSSION QUESTIONS * PROBLEMS * SPREADSHEET PROBLEMS
APPENDIX: PROFIT MAXIMIZATION WITH CALCULUS
APPENDIX PROBLEMS * SUPPLEMENTARY READINGS
CHAPTER 10. OLIGOPOLY AND FIRM ARCHITECTURE
10-1. OLIGOPOLY AND MARKET CONCENTRATION
Oligopoly: Meaning and Sources
Concentration Ratios, the Herfindahl Index, and Contestable Markets
10-2. OLIGOPOLY MODELS
The Cournot Model
The Kinked Demand Curve Model
Cartel Arrangements
PRICE LEADERSHIP
10-3. PROFITABILITY AND EFFICIENCY IMPLICATIONS OF OLIGOPOLY
Porter's Strategic Framework
Efficiency Implications of Oligopoly
10-4. THE SALES MAXIMIZATION MODEL
10-5. MARCH OF GLOBAL OLIGOPOLISTS
10-6. THE ARCHITECTURE OF THE IDEAL FIRM AND THE CREATIVE COMPANY
The Architecture of the Ideal Firm
The Evolution of the Creative Company
10-7. THE VIRTUAL CORPORATION AND RELATIONSHIP ENTERPRISES
The Virtual Corporation
Relationship Enterprises
SUMMARY * DISCUSSION QUESTIONS * PROBLEMS * SPREADSHEET PROBLEMS
APPENDIX: OLIGOPOLY THEORY MATHEMATICALLY
The Cournot Model
The Kinked Demand Curve Model
The Centralized Cartel Model
The Market-Sharing Cartel
The Sales Maximization Model
APPENDIX PROBLEMS * SUPPLEMENTARY READINGS
CHAPTER 11. GAME THEORY AND STRATEGIC BEHAVIOR
11-1. STRATEGIC BEHAVIOR AND GAME THEORY
11-2. DOMINANT STRATEGY AND NASH EQUILIBRIUM
Dominant Strategy
Nash Equilibrium
11-3. THE PRISONERS' DILEMMA
11-4. PRICE AND NONPRICE COMPETITION, CARTEL CHEATING, AND THE PRISONERS' DILEMMA
Price Competition and the Prisoners' Dilemma
Nonprice Competition, Cartel Cheating, and the Prisoners' Dilemma
11-5. REPEATED GAMES AND TIT-FOR-TAT STRATEGY
11-6. STRATEGIC MOVES
Threat, Commitments, and Credibility
Entry Deterrence
11-7. STRATEGIC BEHAVIOR AND INTERNATIONAL COMPETITIVENESS
11-8. SEQUENTIAL GAMES AND DECISION TREES
SUMMARY * DISCUSSION QUESTIONS * PROBLEMS * SPREADSHEET PROBLEMS * SUPPLEMENTARY READINGS
CHAPTER 12. PRICING PRACTICES
12-1. PRICING OF MULTIPLE PRODUCTS
Pricing of Products with Interrelated Demands
Plant Capacity Utilization and Optimal Product Pricing
Optimal Pricing of Joint Products Produced in Fixed Proportions
Optimal Pricing and Output of Joint Products Produced in Variable Proportions
12-2. PRICE DISCRIMINATION
Meaning of and Conditions for Price Discrimination
First- and Second-Degree Price Discrimination
Third-Degree Price Discrimination Graphically
Third-Degree Price Discrimination Algebraically
12-3. INTERNATIONAL PRICE DISCRIMINATION AND DUMPING
12-4. TRANSFER PRICING
Meaning and Nature of Transfer Pricing
Transfer Pricing with No External Market for the Intermediate Product
Transfer Pricing with a Perfectly Competitive Market for the Intermediate Product
Transfer Pricing with an Imperfectly Competitive Market for the Intermediate Product
12-5. PRICING IN PRACTICE
Cost-Plus Pricing
Evaluation of Cost-Plus Pricing
Incremental Analysis in Pricing
Peak-Load Pricing, Two-Part Tariff, Tying, and Bundling
Other Pricing Practices
SUMMARY * DISCUSSION QUESTIONS * PROBLEMS * SPREADSHEET PROBLEMS
APPENDIX: THIRD-DEGREE PRICE DISCRIMINATION WITH CALCULUS
APPENDIX PROBLEMS * SUPPLEMENTARY READINGS
INTEGRATING CASE STUDY 7: EBAY AND COMPETITION ON THE INTERNET
INTEGRATING CASE STUDY 8: E-BOOKS REWRITE BOOKSELLING
INTEGRATING CASE STUDY 9: THE ART OF DEVISING AIRFARES
PART FIVE. REGULATION, RISK ANALYSIS, AND CAPITAL BUDGETING
CHAPTER 13. REGULATION AND ANTITRUST: THE ROLE OF GOVERNMENT IN THE ECONOMY
13-1. GOVERNMENT REGULATION TO SUPPORT BUSINESS AND TO PROTECT CONSUMERS, WORKERS, AND THE ENVIRONMENT
Government Regulations that Restrict Competition
Government Regulations to Protect Consumers, Workers, and the Environment
13-2. EXTERNALITIES AND REGULATION
The Meaning and Importance of Externalities
Policies to Deal with Externalities
13-3. PUBLIC UTILITY REGULATION
Public Utilities as Natural Monopolies
Difficulties in Public Utility Regulation
13-4. ANTITRUST: GOVERNMENT REGULATION OF MARKET STRUCTURE AND CONDUCT
Sherman Act (1890)
Clayton Act (1914)
Federal Trade Commission Act (1914)
Robinson-Patman Act (1936)
Wheeler-Lea Act (1938)
Celler-Kefauver Antimerger Act (1950)
13-5. ENFORCEMENT OF ANTITRUST LAWS AND THE DEREGULATION MOVEMENT
Enforcement of Antitrust Laws: Some General Observations
Enforcement of Antitrust Laws: Structure
Enforcement of Antitrust Laws: Conduct
The Deregulation Movement
13-6. REGULATION OF INTERNATIONAL COMPETITION
13-7. THE EFFECT OF TAXATION ON BUSINESS DECISIONS
SUMMARY * DISCUSSION QUESTIONS * PROBLEMS * SPREADSHEET PROBLEMS * SUPPLEMENTARY READINGS
CHAPTER 14. RISK ANALYSIS
14-1. RISK AND UNCERTAINTY IN MANAGERIAL DECISION MAKING
14-2. MEASURING RISK WITH PROBABILITY DISTRIBUTIONS
Probability Distributions
An Absolute Measure of Risk: The Standard Deviation
Measuring Probabilities with the Normal Distribution
A Relative Measure of Risk: The Coefficient of Variation
14-3. UTILITY THEORY AND RISK AVERSION
14-4. ADJUSTING THE VALUATION MODEL FOR RISK
Risk-Adjusted Discount Rates
Certainty-Equivalent Approach
14-5. OTHER TECHNIQUES FOR INCORPORATING RISK INTO DECISION MAKING
Decision Trees
Simulation
14-6. DECISION MAKING UNDER UNCERTAINTY
The Maximin Criterion
The Minimax Regret Criterion
Other Methods of Dealing with Uncertainty
14-7. FOREIGN-EXCHANGE RISKS AND HEDGING
14-8. INFORMATION AND RISK
Asymmetric Information and the Market for Lemons
The Insurance Market and Adverse Selection
The Problem of Moral Hazard
The Principal-Agent Problem
Auctions
SUMMARY * DISCUSSION QUESTIONS * PROBLEMS * SPREADSHEET PROBLEMS * SUPPLEMENTARY READINGS
CHAPTER 15. LONG-RUN INVESTMENT DECISIONS: CAPITAL BUDGETING
15-1. CAPITAL BUDGETING: AN OVERVIEW
Meaning and Importance of Capital Budgeting
Overview of the Capital Budgeting Process
15-2. THE CAPITAL BUDGETING PROCESS
Projecting Cash Flows
Net Present Value (NPV)
Internal Rate of Return (IRR)
Comparison of NPV and IRR
15-3. CAPITAL RATIONING AND THE PROFITABILITY INDEX
15-4. THE COST OF CAPITAL
The Cost of Debt
The Cost of Equity Capital: The Risk-Free Rate Plus Premium
The Cost of Equity Capital: The Dividend Valuation Model
The Cost of Equity Capital: The Capital Asset Pricing Model (CAPM)
The Weighted Cost of Capital
15-5. REVIEWING INVESTMENT PROJECTS AFTER IMPLEMENTATION
15-6. THE COST OF CAPITAL AND INTERNATIONAL COMPETITIVENESS
SUMMARY * DISCUSSION QUESTIONS * PROBLEMS * SPREADSHEET PROBLEMS * SUPPLEMENTARY READINGS
INTEGRATING CASE STUDY 10: HOW SILICON VALLEY CONQUERED THE CARRIERS
INTEGRATING CASE STUDY 11: PHONE FIGHT!
APPENDIXES
APPENDIX A. COMPOUNDING, DISCOUNTING, AND PRESENT VALUE
A-1. Future Value and Compounding
A-2. Present Value and Discounting
A-3. Future Value of an Annuity
A-4. Present Value of an Annuity
A-5. Compounding and Discounting Periods
A-6. Determining the Interest Rate
A-7. Perpetuities
APPENDIX B. INTEREST FACTOR TABLES
Table B-1. Compound Value of $1
Table B-2. Present Value of $1
Table B-3. Future Value of an Annuity of $1 for n Periods
Table B-4. Present Value of an Annuity of $1 for n Periods
APPENDIX C. STATISTICAL TABLES
Table C-1. Areas under the Standard Normal Distribution
Table C-2. Areas in the Tails of the t Distribution
Table C-3. F Distribution for 5 Percent Significance
Table C-4. Durbin-Watson Statistic for 5 Percent Significance Points of dL and dU
APPENDIX D. ANSWERS TO SELECTED (ASTERISKED) PROBLEMS
GLOSSARY
SUBJECT INDEX

著者について: 

Dominick Salvatore is Distinguished Professor of Economics and Business at Fordham University. He is consultant to the Economic Policy Institute (EPI) in Washington, D.C., The World Bank, the International Monetary Fund, the United Nations, and various central banks, multinational banks, and corporations. Dr. Salvatore is the author, coauthor, or editor of 51 books, including International Economics, Tenth Edition (2009), and Microeconomics: Theory and Applications, Fifth Edition (OUP, 2008).

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