OXFORD UNIVERSITY PRESS

Child Protection Systems: International Trends and Orientations

ISBN : 9780199793358

参考価格(税込): 
¥12,474
著者: 
Neil Gilbert; Nigel Parton; Marit Skivenes
ページ
288 ページ
フォーマット
Hardcover
サイズ
163 x 235 mm
刊行日
2011年06月
メール送信
印刷

Child Protection Systems is a comparative study of the social policies and professional practices that frame societal responses to the problems of child maltreatment in ten countries: USA, Canada, England, Sweden, Denmark, Finland, Belgium, the Netherlands, Germany and Norway. Focusing on the developments in policy and practice since the mid-1990s, this volume provides a detailed, up-to-date analysis of the similarities and differences in how child protection systems operate and their outcomes. The findings highlight the changing criteria that define child maltreatment, trends in out-of-home placement, professional responses to allegations of maltreatment, and the level of state responsibility for child and family welfare, providing an in-depth understanding of the different ways modern welfare states assume the sensitive responsibility of balancing children's rights and parents' rights. The changing character of child protection systems worldwide reflects dramatic and rapid organizational, policy, and legislative changes; the expansion of child welfare systems; the rise of formal procedures and evidence-based initiatives; the increased challenges posed by race and ethnicity; and the extent to which countries adopt either a child protection or a family service approach to child abuse. Each chapter analyzes these developments and the directions in which they are heading, such as movements toward privatization and devolution of child welfare service delivery. Against this backdrop, a third approach begins to emerge-a child-focused orientation-that aims to promote and improve children's development and well-being. A vital book for understanding contemporary trends and policy issues in the design of child protection systems, this will be must reading for comparative scholars of child welfare, family policy, and the welfare state.

目次: 

1. Introduction
Neil Gilbert, Nigel Parton, and Marit Skivenes
I. ANGLO-AMERICAN SYSTEMS
2. Trends and Issues in the U.S. Child Welfare System
Jill Duerr Berrick
3. Canadian Child Welfare: Child Protection and the Status Quo
Karen Swift
4. Child Protection in England
Nigel Parton and David Berridge
II. NORDIC SYSTEMS
5. The Dark Side of the Universal Welfare State? Child Abuse and Protection in Sweden
Madeleine Cocozza and Sven E. O. Hort
6. Combatting Child Abuse in Finland: From Family to Child-Centered Orientation
Tarja Poso
7. Denmark: A Child Welfare System Under Reframing
Anne-Dorthe Hestbaek
8. Norway: Towards a Child-Centric Perspective
Marit Skivenes
III. CONTINENTAL SYSTEMS
9. Child Protection in an Age of Uncertainty: Germany's Response
Reinhart Wolff, Kay Biesel, and Stefan Heinitz
10. Policy Towards Child Abuse and Neglect in Belgium: In Search of a Democratic Approach
Kristof Desair and Peter Adriaenssens
11. Child Welfare in the Netherlands: Between Privacy and Protection Trudie Knijn and Carolus van Nijnatten
IV. CONCLUSION
12. Changing Patterns of Response and Emerging Orientations Neil Gilbert, Nigel Parton, and Marit Skivenes

著者について: 

Neil Gilbert, PhD, is Chernin Professor of Social Welfare at the School of Social Welfare, University of California at Berkeley, and Co-Director of the Center for Child and Youth Policy. Nigel Parton, PhD, is NSPCC Professor in Applied Childhood Studies, University of Huddersfield. Marit Skivenes, PhD, is Senior Researcher, Bergen University College.

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