Sayyid Qutb: The Life and Legacy of a Radical Islamic Intellectual

ISBN : 9780199790883

James Toth
392 ページ
162 x 236 mm

Sayyid Qutb is considered by many to be the founder of radical Islamism - the "Philospher of Islamic Terror," in the words of Paul Berman. Many draw a direct line from Qutb through Ayman al-Zawahiri to Osama bin Laden. Qutb first gained notice as a novelist, literary critic, and poet but then began writing religious and political criticism aimed at the Egyptian government and Muslims he deemed insufficiently pious. Under pressure from the authorities, Qutb left Egypt in 1948 for a two-year visit to the United States, during which he grew even more radical. He returned to Egypt and joined the Muslim Brotherhood, eventually taking charge of its propaganda operation. After members of the Brotherhood attempted to assassinate Egyptian President Gamal Abdel Nasser, the group was outlawed and Qutb was thrown in jail. He was executed in 1966 - becoming, in effect, the first martyr to the Islamist cause. In this book, James Toth traces the life and thought of Qutb, giving attention not only to his well-known Signposts on the Road, but also to his less-studied works like Social Justice in Islam and his 30-volume Quranic commentary. By returning to these sources, Toth draws a complex portrait of Qutb: one that moves beyond the cartoonish depictions of him as the evil genius lurking behind today's terrorists.


His Life
Chapter 1. Introduction
Chapter 2. Qutb's Early and Modern Years
Chapter 3. Qutb's Transition, From Secularism to Islamism
Chapter 4. Qutb's Moderate Islamism
Chapter 5: Qutb's Radical Islamism
His Legacy: Ideas & Issues
Chapter 6: Sayyid Qutb's Islamic Concept
Chapter 7: Islam as a Revitalization Movement
Chapter 8: Islamic Society and System
Chapter 9: The Islamic Economy
Chapter 10: The Islamic State
Chapter 11: Islamic History


James Toth is an anthropologist who specializes in Egypt, the Arab world, and the wider Islamic community. He has conducted ethnographic research in northern Egypt on migrant farm labor and in southern Egypt on Islamic militancy. He was the director for Save the Children's community development program in Egypt in the 1980s, on the anthropology faculty at the American University of Cairo in the 1990s, and at Northeastern University in the 2000s. Since 2011, he has worked at New York University in Abu Dhabi.