The Oxford Handbook of Philosophy and Disability

ISBN : 9780190622879

Adam Cureton; David Wasserman
944 Pages
171 x 248 mm
Pub date
Jul 2020
Oxford Handbooks
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  • By far the most comprehensive collection of philosophical writing on disability yet published, in terms of the range of topics covered and approaches represented
  • Includes new work by many of the leading philosophers of disability, many of whom identify as disabled, as well as of prominent philosophers addressing the subject for the first time
  • Seeks not only to represent the existing field of philosophy and disability but to expand its horizons

Disability raises profound and fundamental issues: questions about human embodiment and well-being; dignity, respect, justice and equality; personal and social identity. It raises pressing questions for educational, health, reproductive, and technology policy, and confronts the scope and direction of the human and civil rights movements. Yet it is only recently that disability has become the subject of the sustained and rigorous philosophical inquiry that it deserves.
The Oxford Handbook of Philosophy and Disability is the first comprehensive volume on the subject. The volume's contents range from debates over the definition of disability to the challenges posed by disability for justice and dignity; from the relevance of disability for respect, other interpersonal attitudes, and intimate relationships to its significance for health policy, biotechnology, and human enhancement; from the ways that disability scholarship can enrich moral and political philosophy, to the importance of physical and intellectual disabilities for the philosophy of mind and action. The contributions reflect the variety of areas of expertise, intellectual orientations, and personal backgrounds of their authors. Some are founding philosophers of disability; others are promising new scholars; still others are leading philosophers from other areas writing on disability for the first time. Many have disabilities themselves. This volume boldly explores neglected issues, offers fresh perspectives on familiar ones, and ultimately expands philosophy's boundaries. More than merely presenting an overview of existing work, this Handbook will chart the growth and direction of a vital and burgeoning field for years to come.


Adam Cureton and David Wasserman

Part I: Concepts, Models and Perspectives of Disability
Chapter 1: In Pursuit of Justice for Disability: Model Neutrality Revisited
Anita Silvers
Chapter 2: Theoretical Strategies to Define Disability
Jonas-Sébastien Beaudry
Chapter 3: Disability, Health, and Difference
Jerome Bickenbach
Chapter 4: Habilitative Health and Disability
Lawrence C. Becker
Chapter 5: Philosophy and the Apparatus of Disability
Shelley L. Tremain
Chapter 6: Disability Liberation Theology
Rosemarie Garland-Thomson

Part II: Well-Being, Adaptation, and Causing Disability
Chapter 7: Disabilities and Wellbeing: The Bad and the Neutral
Joshua Shepherd
Chapter 8: Causing Disability, Causing Non-Disability: What's the Moral Difference?
Joseph A. Stramondo and Stephen M. Campbell
Chapter 9: Why Inflicting Disability is Wrong: The Mere Difference View and The Causation Based Objection
Julia Mosquera
Chapter 10: Evaluative Diversity and the (Ir)Relevance of Well-Being
Sean Aas

Part III: Justice, Equality, and Inclusion
Chapter 11: Contractualism, Disability, and Inclusion
Christie Hartley
Chapter 12: Civic Republican Disability Justice
Tom O'Shea
Chapter 13: Disability and Disadvantage in the Capabilities Approach
Christopher A. Riddle
Chapter 14: Disability and Partial Compliance Theory
Leslie Francis
Chapter 15: Fair Difference of Opportunity
Adam Cureton and Alexander Kaufman
Chapter 16: The Disability Case against Assisted Dying
Danny Scoccia

Part IV: Knowledge and Embodiment
Chapter 17: Epistemic Exclusion, Injustice, and Disability
Jackie Leach Scully
Chapter 18: What's Wrong With "You Say You're Happy, But " Reasoning?
Jason Marsh
Chapter 19: Interactions with Delusional Others: Reflections on Epistemic Failures and Virtues
Josh Dohmen
Chapter 20: Disability, Rationality, and Justice: Disambiguating Adaptive Preferences
Jessica Begon

Part V: Respect, Appreciation, and Care
Chapter 21: Ideals of Appreciation and Expressions of Respect
Thomas E. Hill, Jr.
Chapter 22: The Limiting Role of Respect
Adam Cureton
Chapter 23: Respect, Identification, and Profound Cognitive Impairment
John Vorhaus
Chapter 24: Care and Disability: Friends or Foes
Eva Kittay
Chapter 25: A Dignitarian Approach to Disability: From Moral Status to Social Status
Linda Barclay

Part VI: Moral Status and Significant Mental Disabilities
Chapter 26: Cognitive Disability and Moral Status
Alice Crary
Chapter 27: Dignity, Respect, and Cognitive Disability
Suzy Killmister
Chapter 28: On Moral Status and Intellectual Disability: Challenging and Expanding the Debates
Licia Carlson

Part VI: Intellectual and Psychiatric Disability
Chapter 29: Neurodiversity, Autism, and Psychiatric Disability: The Harmful Dysfunction Perspective
Jerome C. Wakefield, David Wasserman, and Jordan A. Conrad
Chapter 30: Beyond Instrumental Value: Respecting the Will of Others and Deciding on Their Behalf
Dana Howard and David Wendler
Chapter 31: Educational Justice for People with Intellectual Disabilities
Lorella Terzi

Part VIII: Technology and Enhancement
Chapter 32: A Symmetrical View of Disability and Enhancement
Stephen M. Campbell and David Wasserman
Chapter 33: Cognitive Disability and Embodied, Extended Minds
Zoe Drayson and Andy Clark
Chapter 34: The Visible and the Invisible: Disability, Assistive Technology, and Stigma
Coreen McGuire and Havi Carel
Chapter 35: Neurotechnologies and Justice by, with, and for Disabled People
Sara Goering and Eran Klein
Chapter 36: Second Thoughts on Enhancement and Disability
Melinda C. Hall

Part IX: Healthcare Allocation and Assisted Death
Chapter 37: Cost-Effectiveness Analysis and Disability Discrimination
Greg Bognar
Chapter 38: Prioritisation and Parity. Which Disabled Newborn Infants Should be Candidates for Scarce Life-Saving Treatment?
Dominic JC Wilkinson and Julian Savulescu

Part X: Reproduction and Parenting
Chapter 39: Why People with Cognitive Disabilities are Justified in Feeling Disquieted by Prenatal Testing and Selective Termination
Chris Kaposy
Chapter 40: Reproductive Choice, in Context: Avoiding Excess and Deficiency?
Richard Hull and Tom Shakespeare
Chapter 41: Bioethics, Disability, and Selective Reproductive Technology: Taking Intersectionality Seriously
Christian Munthe
Chapter 42: Procreation and Intellectual Disability: A Kantian Approach
Samuel J. Kerstein
Chapter 43: Parental Autonomy, Children with Disabilities, and Horizontal Identities
Mary Crossley

About the author: 

Edited by Adam Cureton, Assistant Professor, Department of Philosophy, University of Tennessee, Knoxville, and Edited by David Wasserman, Visiting Scholar, National Institutes of Health
Adam Cureton is Associate Professor of Philosophy at the University of Tennessee. He co-edited (with Kimberley Brownlee) Disability and Disadvantage (2009) and (with Thomas E. Hill) Disability in Practice: Attitudes Policies and Relationships (2018), both for Oxford University Press. He is the President of the Society for Philosophy and Disability. David Wasserman is on the faculty of the Clinical Center Department of Bioethics at the National Institutes of Health. He works primarily on ethical and policy issues in disability, genetics, reproduction, and neuroscience. He is co-author, with David Benatar, of Debating Procreation (Oxford, 2015).

Sean Aas is Assistant Professor of Philosophy and Senior Research Scholar at the Kennedy Institute of Philosophy at Georgetown University.
Linda Barclay, Senior Lecturer at Monash University, works in political philosophy, primarily in the areas of disability and egalitarianism.
Jonas-Sébastien Beaudry is an Assistant Professor of Law at McGill University (joint appointment with the Institute for Health and Social Policy) and a member of the Quebec Bar.
Lawrence C. Becker was Fellow of Hollins University, and Kenan Professor of Philosophy Emeritus at the College of William & Mary.
Jessica Begon is an Assistant Professor in Political Theory at the University of Durham.
Jerome Bickenbach is Professor of Health Sciences and Health Policy, University of Lucerne, Switzerland and Professor Emeritus, Queen's University, Canada, Philosophy, Law, Medicine.
Greg Bognar is Senior Lecturer in Practical Philosophy at Stockholm University and Senior Researcher at the Stockholm Centre for Healthcare Ethics (CHE).
Stephen M. Campbell is Assistant Professor of Philosophy at Bentley University.
Havi Carel is Professor of Philosophy at the University of Bristol.
Licia Carlson, Professor of Philosophy at Providence College, has focused much of her research on philosophy and intellectual disability.
Andy Clark is Professor of Logic and Metaphysics in the School of Philosophy, Psychology and Language Sciences at the University of Edinburgh.
Jordan A. Conrad, M.Phil., M.S.W., is a doctoral candidate at the Institute of Philosophy at Katholiek Universiteit Leuven, Visiting Scholar at the Center for Bioethics, NYU, and Academic Associate at the Baltimore Washington Center for Psychoanalysis and Psychotherapy.
Alice Crary is Professor of Philosophy at the University of Oxford.
Mary Crossley is a Professor of Law and former Dean at the University of Pittsburgh School of Law.
Adam Cureton, Associate Professor of Philosophy at the University of Tennessee, works primarily in ethics, Kant and disability.
Josh Dohmen is an Assistant Professor of Philosophy at Mississippi University for Women.
Zoe Drayson is Assistant Professor of Philosophy at the University of California, Davis.
Leslie Francis is Distinguished Professor of Philosophy, Distinguished Alfred C. Emery Professor of Law, and Director of the Center for Law & Biomedical Sciences at the University of Utah.
Rosemarie Garland-Thomson is Rosemarie Garland-Thomson is a professor of English and bioethics at Emory University.
Sara Goering is Associate Professor of Philosophy at the University of Washington.
Melinda C. Hall (Ph.D., Vanderbilt University) is an Assistant Professor of Philosophy at Stetson University.
Christie Hartley is Associate Professor of Philosophy at Georgia State University.
Thomas E. Hill, Jr. is Professor Emeritus at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill.
Dana Howard is a philosopher at the Ohio State University Center for Bioethics, which is housed in the OSU Wexner Medical Center and the College of Medicine.
Richard Hull is a Lecturer in Philosophy at the National University of Ireland, Galway.
Chris Kaposy is an Associate Professor of Bioethics in the Faculty of Medicine at Memorial University in St. John's, Newfoundland.
Alexander Kaufman Alexander Kaufman is Professor of Political Theory at the University of Georgia.
Samuel J. Kerstein, Professor of Philosophy at the University of Maryland, works in bioethics, ethical theory, and Kant.
Suzy Killmister is Lecturer in Philosophy at Monash University, Australia.
Eran Klein is a neurologist specializing in dementia at the Portland Veterans Administration Health Care System in Portland, Oregon, and holds appointments in the Department of Neurology at the Oregon Health and Science University (OHSU) and the Department of Philosophy at the University of Washington.
Jason Marsh is an Associate Professor of Philosophy at St. Olaf College in Northfield, Minnesota.
Coreen McGuire is a Postdoctoral Research Fellow on 'The Life of Breath Project' at the University of Bristol.
Julia Mosquera is a post-doc researcher in Philosophy at the Institute for Futures Studies (IF) in Stockholm. Julia's researcher focuses on egalitarianism, future generations, and disability.
Christian Munthe is professor of practical philosophy at the Department of Philosophy, Linguistics and Theory of Science, as well as fellow of the Centre for Antibiotic Research (CARe) and the Centre for Ethics, Law and Mental Health (CELAM), all at the University of Gothenburg, Sweden.
Tom O'Shea is a moral and political philosopher whose research focuses on freedom in history, theory, and practice.
Christopher A. Riddle is Associate Professor of Philosophy at Utica College, where he also directs the Applied Ethics Institute.
Julian Savulescu holds the Uehiro Chair in Practical Ethics at the University of Oxford.
Danny Scoccia, Professor Emeritus of New Mexico State University, writes on various topics related to liberal political morality, including free speech, paternalism, and legal moralism.
Jackie Leach Scully is Professor of Social Ethics and Bioethics, and Executive Director of the Policy, Ethics and Life Sciences Research Centre, at Newcastle University.
Tom Shakespeare is Professor of Disability Research at London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, and was formerly with the World Health Organization.
Joshua Shepherd is an Assistant Professor in Philosophy at Carleton University, and a Research Professor at the University of Barcelona.
Anita Silvers was Professor of Philosophy at San Francisco State University, where she began in 1967.
Joseph A Stramondo is an Assistant Professor of Philosophy at San Diego State University, where he works in bioethics, philosophy of disability, and philosophy of technology.
Lorella Terzi is Professor of Philosophy of Education at the University of Roehampton, London.
Dr. Shelley L. Tremain is the author of Foucault and Feminist Philosophy of Disability and the editor of two editions of Foucault and the Government of Disability.
John Vorhaus, Professor of Moral and Educational Philosophy at University of London, Institute of Education, works in applied ethics and disability.
Jerome C. Wakefield, Ph.D., D.S.W., is University Professor, Professor of Social Work, Professor of Psychiatry, and Associate Faculty in the Center for Bioethics at NYU. He writes on philosophy of psychiatry.
David Wasserman is on the faculty of the Clinical Center Department of Bioethics at the National Institutes of Health.
David Wendler is a senior investigator and Head of the Section on Research Ethics in the Department of Bioethics at the NIH Clinical Center.
Dominic JC Wilkinson is Director of Medical Ethics and Professor of Medical Ethics at the Oxford Uehiro Centre for Practical Ethics, University of Oxford.

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