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Political Sociology: Power and Participation in the Modern World (5th edition)

ISBN : 9780195371154

Price(incl.tax): 
¥12,309
Author: 
Anthony M. Orum; John G. Dale
Pages
336 Pages
Format
Paperback
Size
156 x 235 mm
Pub date
Oct 2008
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Thoroughly revised and updated in this fifth edition, Political Sociology: Power and Participation in the Modern World illustrates the broad social bases of politics and also shows how politics and governmental actions can influence the fate of nations and their citizens. Providing insight into recent political sociological theories, Anthony M. Orum and new coauthor John G. Dale help students make sense of the many major social and political changes taking place in the world today. They examine such timely topics as the economy and politics, states and societies, civil society and politics, basic forms of political rule, power and equality in modern America, political parties, and citizen participation.
        
Bringing together a wide variety of perspectives and ideas, this unique text also familiarizes students with recent scholarship on the American welfare state, social networks, and the business world. Throughout, the authors provide students with current assessments of popular incendiary topics, increasing their awareness and encouraging them to become more involved in the material.
         
Classic and comprehensive, Political Sociology: Power and Participation in the Modern World, Fifth Edition, is ideal for upper-level undergraduate courses in political sociology.

Index: 

Preface to the Fifth Edition

CHAPTER 1. INTRODUCTION 
Power and Authority 
Institutions, Networks, and Culture 
Visions of Societies and Politics: Marx, Weber, Durkheim, de Toqueville, and Polanyi 
Pedagogical Guidelines 

CHAPTER 2. ON THE ECONOMY AND POLITICS: KARL MARX AND THE NEO MARXISTS 
Karl Marx on the Economy and Politics 
The Essential Marx
The Economy and Social Stratification
Substructure and Superstructure
Politics as a Reflection of the Class Struggle
State Power and Its Limits
Sustaining Capitalism and the Rule of Capitalists
Revolution and Change
The Neo-Marxists 
V.I. Lenin
Antonio Gramsci
The Frankfurt School
Nicos Poulantzas
Conclusion
Notes

CHAPTER 3. ON STATES AND SOCIETIES: MAX WEBER AND THE NEO-WEBERIANS 
Max Weber on States and Politics 
The Essential Weber
The State
The Power of the Ruler
Authority and Its Legitimacy
Political Power and Contending Social Groups
The Neo-Weberians 
Reinhard Bendix
Charles Tilly
Theda Skocpol
Conclusion
Notes

CHAPTER 4: ON CIVIL SOCIETY AND POLITICS: EMILE DURKHEIM AND ALEXIS DE TOCQUEVILLE 
Emile Durkheim on Civil Society and Politics 
The Essential Durkheim
Society
States, Politics, and Societies
Alexis de Tocqueville on Civil Society and Politics 
The Essential Tocqueville
Equality in America
The Conditions (Causes) for Equality
Threats to Democracy in America
Concluding Observations
The Neo-Consensualists 
Seymour Martin Lipset
Robert Bellah
James S. Coleman and Robert Putnam
Conclusion
Notes

CHAPTER 5: ON THE POLITICS, LAW, AND MORALITY OF MARKETS 
Karl Polanyi 
The Essential Polanyi
Fictitious Commodities: Land, Labor and Money
State Action is Inherent to Market Formation
The Interwar Years
Protectionist Countermovement
A Global Free Market is Impossible
Future Prospects
Notes

CHAPTER 6: BASIC FORMS OF POLITICAL AUTHORITY 
Basic Types of Political Rule: The Classical Greek Conceptions 
Types of Political Rule in the Modern World 
Democracy
Totalitarianism
Authoritarianism
Conclusion
Notes

CHAPTER 7: POWER AND AUTHORITY IN AMERICA 
Prologue 
The Power of the American State 
The American State as a War-Making State
The American State as a Welfare State
Sociological Perspectives on the Power of the State Today
The Power of Business and Corporations 
The Corporate Community
The Corporate Inner Circle
Multinational Corporations and the Growth of the Global Economy
Does America Possess a Ruling Class - or Even a Dominant Class?
Equality and Inequality in Modern America 
Economic Inequality
Political Equality
Conclusion
Notes

CHAPTER 8: POWER AND AUTHORITY IN THE METROPOLIS 
The Metropolis in American History 
The Rise and Decline of the Industrial Metropolis
The Reign of Local Notables and the Engagement of Ordinary Citizens
The Industrial Revolution and Rise of the Capitalist
Class
The Mature Industrial City: Government Emerges as Do
Political Divisions
The Decline of the Industrial City: the Loss of Industry, Local Clout and the Emergence of Ethnic/Racial Conflicts
Concluding Observations
The Politics of the Contemporary American City 
The Contentious Politics of the American Metropolis: Central Cities, Suburbs, and Edge Cities
Sunbelt Cities and Metropolitan Fragmentation
Interpreting the City 
Political Pluralism in the City: Civil Society and the Dispersal of Power
The City as a Growth Machine: The Political Economy of the City
The City and the Creative Class: Reviving the Metropolis Today
Concluding Observations
Remaking the American City 
Cities and the New Global Economy 
Global Cities
Other Postindustrial Cities
Regional and Urban Experiments of Major Developing Nations: China, South Korea and Taiwan
Conclusion
Notes

CHAPTER 9: POLITICAL PARTIES 
The Nature of Modern Political Parties 
The Birth of Modern Political Parties 
Variations in Modern Political Parties: Highlights of Current and Early Patterns 
Current Patterns
Early Patterns: The Political Machine of Urban America
The Power and Politics of Modern Political Parties 
The Breadth of Political Partisanship
Values and Partisanship
The Social Bases of Partisanship
The Past and Future of Modern Political Parties: The Case of the United States 
Notes

CHAPTER 10: SOCIAL MOVEMENTS: BASIC PERSPECTIVES 
The Nature of Social Movements 
Collective Behavior vs. Collective Action 
New Paradigms for the Study of Social Movements 
The Resource Mobilization Paradigm
Political Process vs. Identity Politics
Political Process Theory
Critical Concepts: Political Opportunities,
Mobilization, and Framing 
Identity Politics and "New" Social Movement Theory
Beyond Democratic Elitism and Democratic Fundamentalism: The 2008 Presidential Campaign and Pressures for Social Change 
The Politics of Influence 
Culture, Structure, States 
Notes

CHAPTER 11: TRANSNATIONAL SOCIAL MOVEMENTS AND GLOBALIZATION 
The Multiple Meanings of Globalization 
The Free Burma Movement as Transnational Social Movement 
The Selective Purchasing Law Campaign
The Campaign to De-Charter Unocal Corporation
The Alien Tort Claims Campaign
New Directions for Social Movements and Research 
Notes

CHAPTER 12: THE MASS MEDIA 
Highlights in the History of the Mass Media in America 
The Mass Media as a Vehicle of Corporate Capitalism 
The Mass Media and Their Influence in Society 
Agenda-Setting
The Media and the Business of Making the News 
The Public and Its View and Susceptibility to the Media 
The Future of the News and the News of the Future 
Notes

CHAPTER 13: POLITICAL PARTICIPATION AND THE PURSUIT OF DEMOCRACY 
Democratic Theory and Participation 
A Classic View of Democracy and its Critics
Why Public Participation is Essential to the Workings of Democracy
A Challenge to Democratic Theory: Rational Choice 
Rational Choice and Collective Action 
The Problem of the Free Rider
Selective Incentives
Public Participation in Everyday Social Life 
Political Participation and Social Cleavages 
Rates and Types of Political Participation
Social Class and Participation
Gender and Participation
Race, Ethnicity, and Participation
Promoting Political Participation in the Pursuit of Democracy 
Notes

About the author: 

Anthony M. Orum, Professor of Sociology, University of Illinois at Chicago
   
John G. Dale, Professor of Sociology, George Mason University

 "This is an excellent book that manages to walk the fine line between accessibility and complexity. It introduces advanced concepts with fairness to the original while also preserving a measure of accessibility for undergraduates. I especially like the time the book takes with early theorists and the effort it makes with connecting the subject matter to sociology, defining and justifying a specifically sociological approach to politics. I've been looking forward to this new edition, and I am sure it will find broad adoption in the classroom."--Gianpaolo Baiocchi, University of Massachusetts
    
"This is a comprehensive text that exposes students to the broad field of political sociology. I am particularly appreciative of the recognition of the importance of historical and cultural factors in understanding social reality. For these reasons, I will adopt it for my political sociology course."--Oliver Benoit, Brandeis University

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