100 Years of the Nineteenth Amendment: An Appraisal of Women's Political Activism

ISBN : 9780190265151

Holly J. McCammon; Lee Ann Banaszak
384 Pages
156 x 235 mm
Pub date
Apr 2018
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  • Marking the 100-year anniversary of U.S. women's suffrage, this volume examines women's political engagement throughout the last century
  • Provides an excellent analysis of intersectionality across various areas of women's political engagement: elections, social movements, and voting
  • Considers both the progress and limitations women have experienced since the Nineteenth Amendment was ratified in 1920

​The year 2020 will mark the 100th anniversary of the Nineteenth Amendment giving many women in the United States the right to vote. The struggle for suffrage lasted over six decades and involved more than a million women; yet, even at the moment of the amendment's enactment, women's activists disagreed heartily over how much had been achieved, whether it was necessary for women to continue organizing for political rights, and what those political rights would bring. 
Looking forward to the 100-year anniversary of the passage of the Nineteenth Amendment, this collection of original essays takes a long view of the past century of women's political engagement to gauge how much women have achieved in the political arena. The volume looks back at the decades since women won the right to vote to analyze the changes, developments, and even continuities in women's roles in the broad political sphere. Ultimately, the book asks two important questions about the last 100 years of women's suffrage: 1) How did the Nineteenth Amendment alter the American political system? and 2) How has women's engagement in politics changed over the last 100 years? 
As the chapters reveal, while women have made substantial strides in the political realm--voting at higher rates than men and gaining prominent leadership roles--barriers to gender equality remain. Women continue to be underrepresented in political office and to confront gender bias in a myriad of political settings. The contributors also remind us of the important understanding to be gained from an intersectional perspective to women's political engagement. In particular, several chapters discuss the failure of the Nineteenth Amendment to provide full political rights and representation to African American, Latina, and poorer women. The work also considers women's extra-institutional activism in a wide variety of settings, including in the feminist, civil rights, environmental, and far-right movements. As the volume traces women's forceful presence and limitations in politics over the past century, it also helps us look forward to consider the next 100 years: what additional victories might be won and what new defeats will need women's response?


1. Introduction: From the Nineteenth Amendment to Today: An Appraisal of 100 Years of Women's Political Engagement
Holly J. McCammon and Lee Ann Banaszak

Part I: Women's Participation in Electoral Politics: 100 Years of Change and Continuity

2. Disappointed Hopes? Female Voters and the 1924 Progressive Surge 
J. Kevin Corder and Christina Wolbrecht

3. The Evolution of Women's (and Men's) Partisan Attachments
Heather L. Ondercin

4. What's Happened to the Gender Gap in Political Participation? How Might We Explain It?
Nancy Burns, Kay Lehman Schlozman, Ashley Jardina, Shauna Shames, and Sidney Verba

5. From Seneca to Shelby: Intersectionality and Women's Voting Rights
Celeste Montoya 

6. 100 Years since Woman Suffrage: Managing Multiple Identities among Latina Congressional Leaders Jessica Lavariega Monforti

7. Women in State Legislatures from the Gilded Age to the Global Age
Susan Welch 

Part II: Feminism and Women's Movement Activism: A Century of Struggle

8. "Feminism Means More than a Changed World It Means the Creation of a New Consciousness in Women": Feminism, Consciousness-Raising, and Continuity between the Waves
Laura K. Nelson

9. U.S. Women's Groups in National Policy Debates, 1880-2000
Kristin A. Goss

10. After Suffrage Comes Equal Rights? ERA as the Next Logical Step
Tracey Jean Boisseau and Tracy A. Thomas

Part III: Diversity in Women's Social Movement Activism: Illustrations from 100 Years of Engagement

11. Black Women Cause Lawyers: Legal Activism in Pursuit of Racial and Gender Equality
Brittany N. Hearne and Holly J. McCammon

12. American Mothers of Nonviolence: Action and the Politics of Erasure in Women's Nonviolent Activism
Selina Gallo-Cruz

13. Women in White Supremacist Movements in the Century after Women's Suffrage
Kathleen Blee

14. Women, Leadership, and the Environmental Movement
Holly J. McCammon, Allison McGrath, David Hess, and Minyoung Moon

15. Women Occupying Wall Street: Gender Conflict and Feminist Mobilization
Heather McKee Hurwitz and Verta Taylor

16. Epilogue: Women's Activism from Electoral Campaigns to Protest Action: Into the Next 100 Years Lee Ann Banaszak and Holly J. McCammon


About the author: 

Holly J. McCammon is Cornelius Vanderbilt Professor of Sociology, and Affiliated Professor of Women's and Gender Studies and American Studies at Vanderbilt University. Her recent book is The U.S. Women's Jury Movements and Strategic Adaptation: A More Just Verdict. She is a former editor of the American Sociological Review and collaborated in editing The Oxford Handbook of U.S. Women's Social Movement Activism
Lee Ann Banaszak is Professor of Political Science and Women's Studies at the Pennsylvania State University. Her research focuses on women's movements in the United States and Western Europe. She is the author of The Women's Movement Inside and Outside the State and Why Movements Succeed or Fail: Opportunity, Culture and the Struggle for Woman Suffrage.

Lee Ann Banaszak is Professor of Political Science at The Pennsylvania State University. 
Kathleen Blee is Bettye J. and Ralph E. Bailey Dean of the Kenneth P. Dietrich School of Arts and Sciences and Distinguished Professor of Sociology at the University of Pittsburgh.
Tracey Jean Boisseau is Associate Professor of Women's, Gender, and Sexuality Studies at Purdue University.
Nancy Burns is Warren E. Miller Collegiate Professor and Chair of the Department of Political Science at the University of Michigan.
J. Kevin Corder is Professor of Political Science at Western Michigan University.
Selina Gallo-Cruz is Assistant Professor in the Department of Sociology and Anthropology at the College of the Holy Cross. 
Kristin Goss is Kevin D. Gorter Associate Professor of Public Policy and Political Science at the Sanford School of Public Policy at Duke University.
Brittany Hearne is a graduate student in sociology at Vanderbilt University.
David J. Hess is the James Thornton Fant Chair in Sustainability Studies and Professor of Sociology at Vanderbilt University.
Heather McKee Hurwitz is the Post-doctoral Fellow in the Department of Sociology and the Athena Center for Leadership Studies at Barnard College, Columbia University.
Ashley Jardina is an Assistant Professor of Political Science at Duke University.
Jessica Lavariega Monforti is Dean of California Lutheran University's College of Arts and Sciences. 
Holly J. McCammon is Cornelius Vanderbilt Professor of Sociology at Vanderbilt University.
Allison McGrath is a graduate student in sociology at Vanderbilt University.
Celeste Montoya is Associate Professor of Women and Gender Studies at the University of Colorado Boulder.
Minyoung Moon is a graduate student in sociology at Vanderbilt University
Laura K. Nelson is Assistant Professor of Sociology at Northeastern University.
Heather Ondercin is Visiting Assistant Professor of Political Science at The College of Wooster.
Shauna Shames is Assistant Professor of Political Science at Rutgers University Camden.
Kay Schlozman is J. Joseph Moakley Professor of Political Science at Boston College.
Verta Taylor is Distinguished Professor of Sociology and Affiliated Professor of Feminist Studies at the University of California Santa Barbara.
Tracy A. Thomas is the Seiberling Chair of Constitutional Law and Director of the Center for Constitutional Law at The University of Akron School of Law.
Sidney Verba is The Carl H. Pforzheimer University Professor Emeritus and Research Professor of Government at Harvard University.
Susan Welch is Dean of the College of the Liberal Arts and Professor of Political Science at The Pennsylvania State University. 
Christina Wolbrecht is Professor of Political Science at the University of Notre Dame.

"This collection not only advances a debate about the character and consequences of women's political participation, it also functions as a survey of current scholarship that introduces key concepts along with diverse methods and sources of evidence." -- Elisabeth S. Clemens, Mobilization

"This multi-disciplinary volume enhances our theoretical understanding of the long-term outcomes of social movements as well as our knowledge of the history and impact of the women's suffrage movement. It contributes important new historical and intersectional research on the engagement of women in public life." --Suzanne Staggenborg, University of Pittsburgh

"This book's mix of the reassessment of women's political history and current subjects like Occupy Wall Street and Latina political participation offers the reader a real century of perspective. The text is ideal for helping advanced undergraduates understand both constituency and change in women's political activism." --Tracy Osborn, The University of Iowa
"McCammon and Banaszak provide readers an unflinching account of how suffrage increased women's power at the ballot and in social movements across the political spectrum." --Deana A. Rohlinger, Florida State University
"This is a must-read book to understand where we've been and how we're going to move ahead in the next 100 years." --Leila J. Rupp, University of California, Santa Barbara

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