OXFORD UNIVERSITY PRESS

The Politics of Drug Violence: Criminals, Cops and Politicians in Colombia and Mexico

ISBN : 9780190695958

Price(incl.tax): 
¥15,246
Author: 
Angelica Duran-Martinez
Pages
328 Pages
Format
Hardcover
Size
156 x 235 mm
Pub date
Dec 2017
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Winner of the American Political Science Associations Peter Katzenstein's prize for the best first book in international relations, comparative politics, or political economy 
Winner of the IASOC Book Prize

   

  • Presents a novel theory that argues that drug violence results from complex interactions between states and criminal actors
  • Includes systematic analysis of a dimension that is often mentioned in media or even in academic analyses but not treated in a systematic, conceptual analysis: the visibility of violence
  • Makes substantial empirical contributions while comparing five cities that have been home to major trafficking organizations for the past four decades: Cali and Medellín in Colombia, and Ciudad Juárez, Culiacán, and Tijuana in Mexico

    
Over the last few decades, drug trafficking organizations in Latin America became infamous for their shocking public crimes, from narcoterrorist assaults on the Colombian political system in the 1980s to the more recent wave of beheadings in Mexico. However, while these highly visible forms of public violence dominate headlines, they are neither the most common form of drug violence nor simply the result of brutality. Rather, they stem from structural conditions that vary from country to country and from era to era. In The Politics of Drug Violence, Angelica Durán-Martínez shows how variation in drug violence results from the complex relationship between state power and criminal competition. Drawing on remarkably extensive fieldwork, this book compares five cities that have been home to major trafficking organizations for the past four decades: Cali and Medellín in Colombia, and Ciudad Juárez, Culiacán, and Tijuana in Mexico. She shows that violence escalates when trafficking organizations compete and the state security apparatus is fragmented. However, when the criminal market is monopolized and the state security apparatus cohesive, violence tends to be more hidden and less frequent. The size of drug profits does not determine violence levels, and neither does the degree of state weakness. Rather, the forms and scale of violent crime derive primarily from the interplay between marketplace competition and state cohesiveness. An unprecedentedly rich empirical account of one of the worst problems of our era, the book will reshape our understanding of the forces driving organized criminal violence in Latin America and elsewhere.

Index: 

List of Figures, Tables, and Maps
Acknowledgments
List of Abbreviations
1. States, Trafficking, and Violence
2. Conceptualizing Drug Violence
3. Democratization and State Capacity to Control Violence
4. Medellín: From Extreme Wars to Unstable Pacification
5. Cali and Culiacán: Hidden Violence and State-Criminal Collusion
6. Ciudad Juárez and Tijuana: Beyond a Border Tale of Violence
Conclusion
Appendix: Coding Protocol for Drug-Violence Events
Glossary
Notes
Bibliography
Index

About the author: 

Angelica Duran-Martinez, Assistant Professor of Political Science, University of Massachuesetts-Lowell
   
Angelica Duran-Martinez is assistant professor of Political Science at the University of Massachusetts-Lowell. She holds a Ph.D. in Political Science from Brown University, a B.A. in Political Science from Universidad Nacional de Colombia and an M.A. in Latin American and Caribbean Studies from New York University. Her research focuses on organized crime, violence, and the state in Latin America and has received funding from the United States Institute of Peace, the Social Science Research Council, and the Open Society Foundation through the Drugs, Security, and Democracy fellowship. She has published articles in journals like the Journal of Conflict Resolution, Journal of Peace Research, Comparative Political Studies, and Crime, Law and Social Change.

"This book is well researched and extraordinarily detailed because of the author's extensive fieldwork. ... As lethal drug violence continues to escalate in Latin America, this study is a refreshing view of the subject, and it opens the door for areas of future research. Angélica Durán-Martínez's work is an authoritative volume contributing to a growing understanding of the interaction between political climate and lethal drug violence." - Melody Hicks and Dr. Ben Stickle, Criminal Law and Criminal Justice Books

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