Barbarians and Brothers: Anglo-American Warfare, 1500-1865

ISBN : 9780199737918

Wayne E. Lee
352 Pages
166 x 242 mm
Pub date
Apr 2011
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The most important conflicts in the founding of the English colonies and the American republic were fought against enemies either totally outside of their society or within it: barbarians or brothers. In Barbarians and Brothers, historian Wayne Lee presents a searching exploration of early modern English and American warfare, looking at such conflicts as the sixteenth-century wars in Ireland, the English Civil War, the colonial Anglo-Indian wars, the American Revolution, and the American Civil War. Lee discusses these conflicts through compelling campaign narratives, exploring the lives and fears of soldiers as well as the strategies of their commanders, while showing how their collective choices determined the nature of wartime violence. In the end, the repeated experience of wars with barbarians or brothers created an American culture of war that demands absolute solutions: enemies are either to be incorporated or rejected, included or excluded. And that determination plays a major role in defining the violence used against them. Even within such absolute goals, however, Lee points to the ways that war continued to be defined by both violence and restraint. He offers a multi-faceted account of three centuries of Anglo-American warfare, revealing how a variety of factors either fueled or curbed the violence directed towards an enemy.


Part 1: Barbarians and Subjects: The Perfect Storm of Wartime Violence in Sixteenth-Century Ireland
Chapter 1 Sir Henry Sidney and the Mutiny at Clonmel, 1569
Chapter 2 The Earls of Essex, 1575 and 1599
Part 2: Codes, Military Culture, and Clubmen in the English Civil War
Chapter 3 Sir William Waller, 1644
Chapter 4 The Clubmen, 1645
Part 3: Peace Chiefs and Blood Revenge: Native American Warfare
Chapter 5 Wingina, Ralph Lane, and the Roanoke Colony of 1586
Chapter 6 Old Brims and Chipacasi, 1725
Part 4: Gentility and Atrocity: The Continental Army and the American Revolution
Chapter 7 "One Bold Stroke": Washington in Pennsylvania, 1777-78
Chapter 8 "Malice Enough in Our Hearts": Sullivan and the Iroquois, 1779
Conclusion: Limited War and Hard War in the American Civil War

About the author: 

Wayne E. Lee is Associate Professor of History at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. Lee served in the U.S. Army from 1987 to 1992.

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