Associative Learning and Conditioning Theory: Human and Non-Human Applications

ISBN : 9780199735969

Todd R. Schachtman; Steve S. Reilly
600 Pages
190 x 260 mm
Pub date
Jun 2011
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Although many professionals in psychology (including the sub-disciplines of human learning and memory, clinical practice related to psychopathology, neuroscience, educational psychology and many other areas) no longer receive training in learning and conditioning, the influence of this field remains strong. Therefore, many researchers and clinicians have little knowledge about basic learning theory and its current applications beyond their own specific research topic. The primary purpose of the present volume is to highlight ways in which basic learning principles, methodology, and phenomena underpin, and indeed guide, contemporary translational research. With contributions from a distinguished collection of internationally renowned scholars, this 23-chapter volume contains specific research issues but is also broad in scope, covering a variety of topics in which associative learning and conditioning theory apply, such as drug abuse and addiction, anxiety, fear and pain research, advertising, attribution processes, acquisition of likes and dislikes, social learning, psychoneuroimmunology, and psychopathology (e.g., autism, depression, helplessness and schizophrenia). This breadth is captured in the titles of the three major sections of the book: Applications to Clinical Pathology; Applications to Health and Addiction; Applications to Cognition, Social Interaction and Motivation. The critically important phenomena and methodology of learning and conditioning continue to have a profound influence on theory and clinical concerns related to the mechanisms of memory, cognition, education, and pathology of emotional and consummatory disorders. This volume is expected to have the unique quality of serving the interests of many researchers, educators and clinicians including, for example, neuroscientists, learning and conditioning researchers, psychopharmacologists, clinical psychopathologists, and practitioners in the medical field.


Section I: Overview
Things you always wanted to know about conditioning, but were afraid to ask
Todd R. Schachtman and Steve Reilly
Section II: Applications to Clinical Pathology
Fear extinction and emotional processing theory: A critical review
Seth J. Gillihan and Edna Foa
Fear Conditioning and Attention to Threat: An Integrative Approach to Understanding the Etiology of Anxiety Disorders
Katherine Oehlberg and Susan Mineka
Behavioral techniques to reduce relapse after exposure therapy: Applications of studies of experimental extinction
Mario A. Laborda, Bridget L. McConnell, and Ralph R. Miller
Learning and anxiety
Peter F. Lovibond
Trauma, learned helplessness, its neuroscience and implication for PTSD
Vincent M. LoLordo and J. Bruce Overmier
Abberant attentional processes in schizophrenia as reflected in latent inhibition data
Robert E. Lubow
Discrimination learning process in autism: spectrum disorders: A comparator theory
Phil Reed
Section III: Applications to Health and Addiction
Conditioned Immunomodulation
Jennifer L. Szczytkowski and Donald T. Lysle
Learning, Expectancy and Behavioural Control: Implications for drug use
M. Vogel-Sprott and Mark T. Fillmore
Applications of Contemporary Learning Theory in the Treatment of Drug Abuse
Danielle E. McCarthy, Timothy B. Baker, Haruka Minami, and Vivian Yeh
Internal stimuli generated by abused substances: Role of Pavlovian conditioning and its implications for drug addiction
Rick A. Bevins and Jennifer E. Murray
Learning to eat: The influence of food cues on what, when and how much we eat
Janet Polivy, C. Peter Herman, and Laura Girz
Conditional analgesia, negative feedback & error correction
Moriel Zelikowsky and Michael S. Fanselow
Incentives in the modification and cessation of cigarette smoking
Edwin B. Fisher, Leonard Green, Amanda L. Calvert, & Russell E. Glasgow
Section IV: Applications to Cognition, Social Interaction and Motivation
Social learning and connectionism
Frank Van Overwalle
Application of associative learning paradigms to clinically relevant individual differences in cognitive processing
Teresa A. Treat, John L. Kruschke, Richard J. Viken, and Richard M. McFall
A review of procedural knowledge about the mental process models of evaluative conditioning
Jan De Houwer
Instrumental and Pavlovian Conditioning Analogues of Familiar Social Processes
Robert Ervin Cramer and Robert Frank Weiss
The impact of social cognition on emotional learning from and about others: A neurobiological perspective
Andreas Olsson
Effects of Conditioning in Advertising
Todd R. Schachtman, Jennifer Walker and Stephanie Fowler
Applications of Pavlovian conditioning to sexual behavior and reproduction
Michael Domjan and Chana K. Akins
Hot and bothered: Classical conditioning of sexual incentives in humans
Heather Hoffman

About the author: 

Todd Schachtman obtained his Ph.D. from SUNY-Binghamton examining research on conditioning and associative learning. Steve Reilly obtained his D.Phil. from the University of York, England, for research concerning the neural basis of learning and memory.

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