Evangelicalism and Fundamentalism in the United Kingdom During the Twentieth Century

ISBN : 9780199664832

David W. Bebbington; David Ceri Jones
432 Pages
163 x 237 mm
Pub date
Dec 2013
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Historians have sometimes argued, and popular discourse certainly assumes, that evangelicalism and fundamentalism are identical. In the twenty-first century, when Islamic fundamentalism is at the centre of the world's attention, whether or not evangelicalism should be seen as the Christian version of fundamentalism is an important matter for public understanding. The essays that make up this book analyse this central question. Drawing on empirical evidence from many parts of the United Kingdom and from across the course of the twentieth century, the essays show that fundamentalism certainly existed in Britain, that evangelicals did sometimes show tendencies in a fundamentalist direction, but that evangelicalism in Britain cannot simply be equated with fundamentalism. The evangelical movement within Protestantism that arose in the wake of the eighteenth-century revival exerted an immense influence on British society over the two subsequent centuries. Christian fundamentalism, by contrast, had its origins in the United States following the publication of The Fundamentals, a series of pamphlets issued to ministers between 1910 and 1915 that was funded by California oilmen. While there was considerable British participation in writing the series, the term 'fundamentalist' was invented in an exclusively American context when, in 1920, it was coined to describe the conservative critics of theological liberalism. The fundamentalists in Britain formed only a small section of evangelical opinion that declined over time.


1. Introduction: Evangelicalism and Fundamentalism
2. The British Contribution to The Fundamentals
3. A Scottish Fundamentalist? Thomas Whitelaw of Kilmarnock (1840?1917)
4. The Church of England and Fundamentalism in the Early Twentieth Century
5. Methodist Fundamentalism before and after the First World War
6. Baptists and Fundamentalism in Inter-War Britain
7. How Fundamentalist were British Brethren during the 1920s?
8. Women, Men and Fundamentalism in Britain in the 1920s and 30s
9. Fundamentalism and Anti-Catholicism in Interwar English Evangelicalism
10. Billy Graham, Evangelism and Fundamentalism
11. Evangelical or Fundamentalista The Case of John Stott
12. Secession is an Ugly Thing : The Emergence and Development of Free Methodism in Late Twentieth-Century England
13. Evangelical, but not Fundamentalist : A Case Study of the New Churches in York, 1980a2011
14. Revivalism and Fundamentalism in Ulster: W. P. Nicholson in Context
15. Fundamentalism in Scotland
16. Evangelicalism and Fundamentalism in Post-War Wales, 1947-1981? David Ceri Jones
17. Pentecostalism and Fundamentalism
18. Evangelical Bases of Faith and Fundamentalizing Tendencies
19. Evangelicals, Fundamentalism and Theology
20. Conclusion
Select Bibliography

About the author: 

An undergraduate at Jesus College, Cambridge (1968-71), David Bebbington began his doctoral studies there (1971-73) before becoming a research fellow of Fitzwilliam College, Cambridge (1973-76). Since 1976 he has taught at the University of Stirling, where from 1999 he has been Professor of History. He has also taught at the University of Alabama, Birmingham, at Regent College, Vancouver, at Notre Dame University, Indiana, at the University of Pretoria, South Africa, and at Baylor University, Texas. ; A native of Port Talbot, David Ceri Jones is currently a Lecturer in History at Aberystwyth University. Following doctoral work on the eighteenth century evangelical revival at Aberystwyth, David served as a Research Fellow at the University of Wales Centre for Advanced Welsh and Celtic Studies where he produced an edition of the correspondence of the Welsh Romantic Iolo Morganwg. Since then he has published extensively in the fields of eighteenth century Methodism in Wales and beyond, and in some aspects of contemporary evangelicalism. He is also an Associate Curate in the Church of Wales, serving three parishes in northern Ceredigion.

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