OXFORD UNIVERSITY PRESS

The Fall of the Celtic Tiger: Ireland and the Euro Debt Crisis

ISBN : 9780199663958

Price(incl.tax): 
¥7,854
Author: 
Donal Donovan; Antoin E. Murphy
Pages
352 Pages
Format
Hardcover
Size
162 x 236 mm
Pub date
Aug 2013
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By 2000, Ireland had achieved a remarkable macroeconomic performance: 10% economic growth annually, a budget surplus, and a very low debt to GDP ratio. Emigration had disappeared and there was significant immigration from Eastern Europe. Yet, by November 2010, output had collapsed to an extent unprecedented among post war industrial countries, the budget deficit was out of control, and the debt to GDP ratio had soared to around 100%. In an unprecedented development, Ireland was forced to apply for an emergency bail-out package from the Troika (European Commission, European Central Bank, and the International Monetary Fund). This book examines how the Celtic Tiger, a high growth performing economy, fell into a macroeconomic abyss. It is a story that shows how the Irish economy moved from a property market crisis to a banking crisis and fiscal crisis, and how these three crises led to a fourth crisis, the massive financial crisis of 2010. Against the backdrop of the newly created Eurozone, the book demonstrates how a housing boom was transformed into a property market bubble through excessive credit creation. Accompanying the market bubble, buoyant property related taxes enabled a profligate government to over spend and under tax. Few, either in Ireland or Europe, recognised the danger signals because the prevailing economic ideology suggested that financial markets could self-regulate. The book analyses the roles of banks, builders, developers, regulators (the EU, the ECB, the Central Bank of Ireland, and the Irish Financial Regulator), politicians, economists, the media, and a property driven populace during the various stages of the downfall of the Celtic Tiger. It pays particular attention to the decisions to provide a highly controversial comprehensive guarantee for the covered Irish banks in 2008, and the subsequent events that left the government with no alternative but to request the 2010 bail out. Throughout the book, attention is devoted to the allocation of responsibilities for the unfolding crises. First, who or what was responsible for what happened and in what sense? Second, could specific actions have been taken at various stages to prevent the final recourse to the bail out? Finally, the book addresses the future of the Celtic Tiger. It discusses the impact of measures to help resolve the current Euro debt crisis as well as the underlying lessons to be learned from this traumatic period in Ireland's economic and financial history.

Index: 

Preface
Introduction
PART I: BACKGROUND
1. The Rise of the Celtic Tiger
PART II: THE LURE OF FREE MARKETS
2. Ideology and Financial Innovation
3. Asset Bubbles and Financial Crises
PART III: THE BUILD UP TO THE IRISH CRISIS
4. The Banks and the Property Bubble
5. The Failure of Irish and European Regulation
6. The Makings of the Fiscal Crisis
7. The Climate of Public Opinion: Politicians, Economists, and the Media
PART IV: THE CRASH
8. The Storm Clouds Gather
9. The Bank Guarantee of End: September 2008
10. From the Guarantee to the Bail Out
PART V: AFTER THE CRASH
11. What of the Future?
12. Conclusions

About the author: 

Donal Donovan is a Member of the Irish Fiscal Advisory Council, Adjunct Professor at the University of Limerick, and Visiting Lecturer at Trinity College Dublin. He is a former deputy director at the International Monetary Fund with considerable experience in the area of financial crises. He has advised in the preparation of two major reports on the Irish financial crisis. He is a member of the newly appointed Fiscal Advisory Council of Ireland.; Antoin E. Murphy is Professor Emeritus of Trinity College Dublin. He is the author of three books published by Oxford University Press. He is an expert in the area of the history of economic thought and has a deep historical knowledge on asset market bubbles and financial crises.

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