Shariah and the Halal Industry

ISBN : 9780197538616

Mohammad Hashim Kamali
312 Pages
156 x 235 mm
Pub date
Aug 2021
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The rapid expansion of the halal industry and its markets has occurred not only in the heavily Islamic regions of Southeast Asia and the Middle East, but also in more unexpected countries such as Turkey, Japan, and South Korea, plus many others around the world. Yet despite both the increasing number of practicing Muslims and the demand for halal products worldwide, a base of scholarship on the subject has never emerged. The industry has been more market driven rather than knowledge driven. As such, industry operators have frequently drawn attention to the absence of such an authoritative text, one that would elucidate the shariah credibly of halal as well as its market presence. Mohammad Hashim Kamali's Shariah and the Halal Industry is designed to fill this gap. The first of its kind in the English language, the book is written in an accessible and reader-friendly style by a world-renowned authority on Islamic law and jurisprudence. The book serves as a reference on the shariah foundations of halal and meets the needs not only of industry operators and decision-makers, but also of students, scholars of Islam, and the many practicing Muslims who are customers of the halal industry across the globe. The book can also serve to educate the general public and non-specialist readers on Islam and shariah law at-large.


Summary and Overview
- World Halal Market
- Religion and Culture
- Harm (Darar) and Repulsiveness (Khubth)
- Meat Eating Then and Now
PART ONE: Shariah Perspectives
Introductory Remarks
I. Shariah, Meaning, History, and Sources
II. The Principle of Original Permissibility (Ibahah)
III. The Permissible (Mubah, also Halal and Ja'iz)
IV. Halal and Tayyib Compared
- Tayyib in Scholastic Jurisprudence
- Tayyib Beyond Victuals
- Tayyib in Halal Standards Malaysia
- Tayyib, Spirituality and Fitrah
V. The Principle of Original Cleanliness (Taharah)
VI. The Prohibited (Haram)
- Classifications of Haram
- The Grounds of Haram
- Manifest Harm (Darar)
- Intoxication
- Filth, Impurity and Natural Revulsion (najis, rijs, khaba'ith, mustaqdharat)
- Unlawful Acquisition
- Mixing of Halal and Haram
VII. Haram, Permanence and Change: The Principle of Substance Transformation (Istihalah)
VIII. Extreme Dilution (Istihlak)
IX. Necessity (Darurah) and Forgetfulness (Nisyan)
X. The Reprehensible (Makruh)
XI. The Recommended (Mandub)
XII. Requirements of a Valid Slaughter
XIII. Grey Areas and Doubtful Matters - (al-Shubhat, Mashbuh, Mashkuk)
- Gelatine
- Lard
- Insulin
- Pig Hair and Skin
- Doubtful Ingredients and Additives
- Food Additives
- Food Ingredients - (Halal E-Codes)
XIV. The Role of Custom ('Urf)
XV. Meat, Poultry, Seafood and Dairy Products
- Birds
- Fish and Marine Life
- Insects and Worms
XVI. Fatwa Issuance in Shariah
XVII. Selection (Takhayyur)
XVIII. Piecing Together (Talfiq)
XIX. Legal Maxims on Halal and Haram
XX. Islam and Science
- Introductory Remarks
- Stunning and Halal Slaughtering
- Halal Vaccines
- Genetically Modified Organisms
- Meat Eating then and Now: Environmental Impacts of Meat Eating
PART TWO: Halal Industry in Malaysia
Introductory Remarks
XXI. Milestones of Development
- Halal Standards
- Halal Certificates
- Halal Parks
- Halal Pharmaceuticals
- Disparity Issues in the Management of Halal Industry
XXII. Fatwa Issuance in Malaysia
PART THREE Regional and International Developments
Introductory Remarks
XXIII. Halal in Indonesia, Thailand, New Zealand and Japan
XXIV. Imported Meat
XXV. Halal Tourism
- Introductory Remarks
- Shifting Patterns in International Tourism
- Values, Places and Facilities
- Halal Tourism or Islamic Tourism?
- Halal Tourism in Malaysia and Turkey
- Halalphobia and Halal Reputation Risk
XXVI. Conclusion and Recommendations
Appendix I: Qur'anic Verses in Arabic
Appendix II: Hadith Passages in Arabic
Appendix III: Islamic Legal Maxims in Arabic
Appendix IV: Diarlel Research

About the author: 

Mohammad Hashim Kamali is Founding CEO of the International Institute of Advanced Islamic Studies, Malaysia and an internationally renowned scholar in his field of specialisation. He was Professor of Islamic Law and Jurisprudence at the International Islamic University Malaysia (1985-2004), and then Dean of the International Institute of Islamic Thought and Civilisation (ISTAC) from 2004 to 2006.

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