Interpreting Canada's Past: A Pre-Confederation Reader (6th edition)

ISBN : 9780199038350

Amy Shaw; Corey Slumkoski; J.M. Bumsted
472 Pages
191 x 233 mm
Pub date
Apr 2021
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A carefully curated collection of primary and secondary source documents that introduces students to the approaches and methodologies historians use to interpret the past. Thought-provoking and engaging, this acclaimed pre-Confederation reader introduces students to the approaches and methodologies historians use to understand the past. Organized both chronologically and thematically, the expertly-curated readings provide students with a balance of primary source documents and scholarly articles to explore the nation's history before 1867.


Introduction to Primary and Secondary Sources
1. Origins and Contact
Primary Documents
1. From Where the First People Came From, in Cree Legends from the West Coast of James Bay
2. Indigenous Art and Artifacts
- St. Lawrence Iroquoian pot
- Distinctive pinched face-effigy pipe
- Incised Thunderbird images
- Moose antler comb from Teiaiagon
- Pictograph site on Agawa Bay, Lake Superior
Historical Interpretations
3. From Teyohaha:ke-Two Roads, in The Clay We Are Made Of: Haudenosaunee Land Tenure on the Grand River, Susan B. Hill [NEW]
4. From Red Ochre, Vermilion, and the Transatlantic Cosmetic Encounter, Jean-Francois Lozier
2. Missionaries and Indigenous Peoples
Primary Documents
1. From The Jesuit Relations and Allied Documents: Travels and Explorations of the Jesuit Missionaries in New France, 1610-1791
2. From Word from New France: The Selected Letters of Marie de l'Incarnation
Historical Interpretations
3. From Harvest of Souls: The Jesuit Missions and Colonialism in North America, 1632-1650, Carole Blackburn
4. From Education, Francisation, and Shifting Colonial Priorities at the Ursuline Convent in Seventeenth-Century Quebec, Mairi Cowan [NEW]
3. The Seigneurial Regime in New France
Primary Documents
1. From Memoir of Jacques Raudot, Intendant, to M. de Pontchartrain, Minister of Marine, on the Growth of Seigneurial Abuses in Canada, November 10, 1707, Jacques Raudot
D.C. Belanger, trans. and ed.
2. From Travels into North America: Containing Its Natural History and a Circumstantial Account of Its Plantations and Agriculture in General . . . , Peter Kalm
Historical Interpretations
3. From Seigneurial Landscapes, in The Metamorphoses of Landscape and Community in Early Quebec, Colin M. Coates
4. From The Feudal Burden, in Peasant, Lord & Merchant: Rural Society in Three Quebec Parishes 1740-1840, Allan Greer
4. The Expulsion of the Acadians
Primary Documents
1. From 1755 Council Minutes, in Acadia and Nova Scotia: Documents Relating to the Acadian French and the First British Colonization of the Province, 1714-1758
2. From Extracts from Col. John Winslow's Journal, in Report Concerning Canadian Archives for the Year 1905
Historical Interpretations
3. From Ile Royale, New England, Scotland, and Nova Scotia, 1744-1748, in An Unsettled Conquest: The British Campaign Against the Peoples of Acadia, Geoffrey Plank
4. From The Decision to Deport, in From Migrant to Acadian: A North American Border People, 1604-1755, N.E.S. Griffiths
5. The Conquest and Integration of Quebec
Primary Documents
1. From Governor Murray to the Lords of Trade, Quebec 29th Octr 1764, and Petition of the Quebec Traders, in Documents Relating to the Constitutional History of Canada 1759-1791
2. From The History of Emily Montague, Frances Brooke
Historical Interpretations
3. From A Different Kind of Courage: the French Military and the Canadian Irregular Soldier Dduring the Seven Years' War, Martin L. Nicolai [NEW]
4. From Loyalty, Order, and Quebec's Catholic Hierarchy, Damien-Claude Belanger [NEW]
6. The Loyalists, the War of 1812, and Memory
Primary Documents
1. Material Culture of Black Loyalists
- The Death of Major Pearson [NEW]
- Map of the Great River St. John & Waters [NEW]
- Royal Gazette and New Brunswick Advertiser, 11 September 1787 [NEW]
- Advertisement for the settlement of Black Nova Scotians in Sierra Leone [NEW]
- Royal Gazette and New Brunswick Advertiser, 18 February 1800 [NEW]
- Royal Gazette and New Brunswick Advertiser, 26 May 1800 [NEW]
- Slave collar owned by Abraham deMill [NEW]
- Bedford Basin near Halifax [NEW]
2. The Petition of 55 Loyalists, 22 July 1783, and A Memorial of Samuel Hakes and 600 Others, 15 August 1783, in Vindication of Governor Parr and His Council
Historical Interpretations
3. From Freedom Denied, in The Black Loyalists: The Search for a Promised Land in Nova Scotia and Sierra Leone, 1783-1870, James W. St G. Walker
4. From Now You See It, Now You Don't: The War Of 1812 in Canada and the United States in 2012 Karim M. Tiro [NEW]
7. The Fur Trade in the Northwest
Primary Documents
1. Fur Trade Maps, from North of Athabasca: Slave Lake and Mackenzie River Documents of the North West Company, 1800-1821
- Indigenous peoples of the Mackenzie River Basin [NEW]
- Mackenzie River and Slave Lake Districts, 1795-1822 [NEW]
- Chart of the Mackenzie River Department (Facsimile) [NEW]
- Expedition up the Liard River to the Francis River (Facsimile) [NEW]
- Chart of the countries adjacent to Mackenzies River (Facsimile) [NEW]
2. From A Sketch of the British Fur Trade (1815), in The Collected Writings of Lord Selkirk 1810-1820, vol. 2, Lord Selkirk
Historical Interpretations
3. From 'He Was Neither a Soldier nor a Slave: He Was under the Control of No Man': Kahnawake Mohawks in the Northwest Fur Trade, 1790-1850, Nicole St-Onge [NEW]
4.. From Taking Indigenous Women Seriously in French Canadians, Furs, and Indigenous Women in the Making of the Pacific Northwest, Jean Barman [NEW]
8. Immigration in the Early to Mid-nineteenth Century
Primary Documents
1. From Testimony of Alexander Buchanan, in Third Report of the Select Committee on Emigration from the United Kingdom
2. From Statistical Sketches of Upper Canada, for the Use of Emigrants: by a Backwoodsman, William Dunlop
Historical Interpretations
3. From Transatlantic Webs of Kin and Community, in Emigrant Worlds and Transatlantic Communities: Migration to Upper Canada in the First Half of the Nineteenth Century, Elizabeth Jane Errington
4. From An Unprecedented Influx: Nativism and Irish Famine Migration to Canada, Scott See
9. Rebellions in Lower and Upper Canada
Primary Documents
1. From Ninety-Two Resolutions, in Journals of the House of Assembly of Lower Canada, 4th session of the 14th Provincial Parliament (7 January-8 March 1834)
2. From The Seventh Report on Grievances (April 18, 1835), in Appendix of the Journal of the House of Assembly of Upper Canada
Historical Interpretations
3. From Closing the Last Chapter of the Atlantic Revolution: The 1837-38 Rebellions in Upper and Lower Canada, Michel Ducharme
4. From From Folklore to Revolution: Charivaris and the Lower Canadian Rebellion of 1837, Allan Greer
10. Women in British North America
Primary Documents
1. To the Electors of Quebec County
2. From The Proper Sphere and Influence of Woman in Christian Society: Being a Lecture Delivered by Rev. Robert Sedgewick before the Young Men's Christian Association, Halifax, N.S., November 1856, Robert Sedgewick
Historical Interpretations
3. From Women and the Escheat Movement, Rusty Bitterman
4. From Innocent Flirtation to Formal Courtship in I Wish to Keep a Record: Nineteenth Century New Brunswick Women Diarists and Their World, Gail C. Campbell [NEW]
11. Indigenous Peoples in British North America
Primary Documents
1. From Report on the Affairs of the Indians in Canada, (1842-44), in Appendix to the Fourth Volume of the Journals of the Legislative Assembly of the Province of Canada 1844-45
2. The Robinson-Superior Treaty, in The Treaties of Canada with the Indians of Manitoba and the North-West Territories, Including the Negotiations on which They Were Based, and Other Information Relating Thereto, Alexander Morris
Historical Interpretations
3. From Empire, the Maritime Colonies, and the Supplanting of Mi'kma'ki/Wulstukwik, 1780-1820, John G. Reid
4. From 'An Equitable Right to Be Compensated': The Dispossession of the Aboriginal Peoples of Quebec and the Emergence of a New Legal Rationale (1760-1860), Alain Beaulieu
12. Rushing the Empire Westward
Primary Documents
1. Letter of Charles Major, 20 September 1859, in Daily Globe, Toronto, 2 January 1860
2. From Journals, Detailed Reports and Observations Relative to the Exploration, by Captain Palliser, John Palliser
Historical Interpretations
3. From Hardy Backwoodsmen, Wholesome Women, and Steady Families: Immigration and the Construction of a White Society in Colonial British Columbia, 1849-1871, Adele Perry
4. From 'A Delicate Game': The Meaning of Law on Grouse Creek, Tina Loo
13. The Emergence of Metis Identity
Primary Documents
1. From J. Halkett to Earl Bathurst, 3 June 1818, in Correspondence in the Years 1817, 1818, and 1819, between Earl Bathurst and J. Halkett, Esq. on the Subject of Lord Selkirk's Settlement at the Red River, in North America
2. From Declaration of the People of Rupert's Land and the North West, Fort Garry, December 8, 1869, in The Collected Writings of Louis Riel, vol. 1.
Historical Interpretations
3. From Within the Grasp of Company Law: Land, Legitimacy, and the Racialization of the Metis, 1815-1821, Michael Hughes [NEW]
4. From Prologue to the Red River Resistance: Pre-liminal Politics and the Triumph of Riel, Gerhard Ens
14. Confederation and Anti-Confederation
Primary Documents
1. From Parliamentary Debates on the Subject of the Confederation of the British North American Provinces, George Brown
2. From Parliamentary Debates on the Subject of the Confederation of the British North American Provinces, A.A. Dorion
Historical Interpretations
3. From Tax Revolt in Nova Scotia in the 1860s: Fairness and Region, in Tax, Order, and Good Government: A New Political History of Canada, 1867-1917, Elsbeth Heaman [NEW]
4. From Confederation as a Hemispheric Anomaly: Why Canada Chose a Unique Model of Sovereignty in the 1860s, Andrew Smith [NEW]

About the author: 

Amy Shaw is an associate professor in the History Department at the University of Lethbridge, where she teaches both pre- and post-Confederation history of Canada. Corey Slumkoski is an associate professor in the History Department at Mount Saint Vincent University. The late J.M. Bumsted was a retired professor at the University of Manitoba.

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