The Justification of War and International Order: From Past to Present

ISBN : 9780198865308

Lothar Brock; Hendrik Simon
560 Pages
156 x 234 mm
Pub date
Jan 2021
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The history of war is also a history of its justification. The contributions to this book argue that the justification of war rarely happens as empty propaganda. While it is directed at mobilizing support and reducing resistance, it is not purely instrumental. Rather, the justification of force is part of an incessant struggle over what is to count as justifiable behaviour in a given historical constellation of power, interests, and norms. This way, the justification of specific wars interacts with international order as a normative frame of reference for dealing with conflict. The justification of war shapes this order, and is being shaped by it. As the justification of specific wars entails a critique of war in general, the use of force in international relations has always been accompanied by political and scholarly discourses on its appropriateness. In much of the pertinent literature the dominating focus is on theoretical or conceptual debates as a mirror of how international normative orders evolve. In contrast, the focus of the present volume is on theory and political practice as sources for the re- and de-construction of the way in which the justification of war and international order interact. With contributions from international law, history, and international relations, and from Western and non-Western perspectives, this book offers a unique collection of papers exploring the continuities and changes in war discourses as they respond to and shape normative orders from early modern times to the present.


1 Hendrik Simon and Lothar Brock: The Justification of War and International Order. From Past to Present
Part I
2 Anthony Lang, Jr.: Politics, Ethics and History in Just War
3 Siddharth Mallavarapu: Imperialism, International Law and War: Enduring Legacies and Curious Entanglements
Part II
4 Anuschka Tischer: Princes' Justifications of War in Early Modern Europe: the Constitution of an International Community by Communication
5 Arnulf Becker Lorca: The Legal Mechanics of Spanish Conquest: War and Peace in Early Colonial Peru
6 Benno Teschke: Capitalism, British Grand Strategy and the Peace Treaty of Utrecht: Towards A Historical Sociology of War- and Peacemaking in the Construction of International Order
7 Oliver Eberl: Kant's Rejection of Just War: International Order between Democratic Constitutionalism and Revolutionary Violence
Part III
8 Hendrik Simon: Anarchy over Law? Towards a Genealogy of Modern War Justifications (1789-1918)
9 Lauren Benton: Protection Emergencies: Justifying Measures Short of War in the British Empire
10 Isabel V. Hull: The Great War and International Law: German Justifications of Prevention and Pre-emptive Self-Defence
11 Aimee Genell and Mustafa Aksakal: Salvation through War? The Ottoman Search for Sovereignty in 1914
12 Milos Vec: Juridification, Politicisation, and Circumvention of Law: (De-)Legitimising Chemical Warfare before and after Ypres, 1899-1925
Part IV
13 B.S. Chimni: Peace through Law: Lessons from 1914
14 Thomas Hippler: Re-Ordering the World from the Skies? The Emergence and Justification of Aerial Warfare
15 Felix Lange: The Justi?catory Potential of International Law. National Socialists' Dreams of African Colonies
Part V
16 Anna Geis and Wolfgang Wagner: 'What We Are Fighting For': Democracies' Justifications of Using Armed Force since the End of the Cold War
17 Michael Stohl: The War on Terror and the Law of War: Shaping International Order in the Context of Irregular Violence
18 Axel Heck and Gabi Schlag: 'We Are Going to War.' Narratives of Self-Defence & Responsibility in Afghanistan War Documentaries
19 Nina Wilen: Justifying Interventions - The Case of ECOWAS in Liberia
20 Beate Jahn: Humanitarian Intervention: Justifying War for a New International Order
Part VI
21 Sohail H. Hashmi: The Islamic Law of War and Peace and the International Legal Order: Convergence or Dissonance?
22 Paul Robinson and Mikhail Antonov: In the Name of State Sovereignty? The Justification of War in Russian History and the Present
23 Manjiao Chi: China's Approach to the Use of Force: A Short Review of China's Changing Attitudes towards the Justification of Humanitarian Intervention
Paty VII
24 Chris Brown: Justified: Just War and the Ethics of Violence and World Order
25 Thilo Marauhn: How Many Deaths Can Art 2 (4) UN Charter Die?
26 B.S. Chimni: Justification and Critique: Humanitarianism and Imperialism over Time
27 Christopher Daase and Nicole Deitelhoff: The Justification and Critique of Coercion as World Order Politics
An Attempt at a Synthesis
28 Lothar Brock and Hendrik Simon: Justifications of the Use of Force as Constitutive Elements of World Order - Points of Departure, Arrivals and Moving Destinations

About the author: 

Lothar Brock is Senior Professor of Political Science at Goethe University Frankfurt and at the Peace Research Institute Frankfurt. He is co-author of Fragile States: Violence and the Failure of Intervention (Polity, 2012) and co-editor of Democratic Wars: Looking at the Dark Side of Democratic Peace (Palgrave, 2006).; Hendrik Simon is Lecturer at Goethe University Frankfurt and Research Associate at the Peace Research Institute Frankfurt. He was Visiting Fellow at the Centre for Advanced International Theory/University of Sussex (2017), at the University of Vienna (2018, 2016), at the Max Planck Institute for European Legal History Frankfurt (2015-16) and at the Cluster of Excellence 'Normative Orders' (2011-12).

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