Making and Breaking Peace in Sudan and South Sudan: The Comprehensive Peace Agreement and Beyond

ISBN : 9780197266953

Sarah M. H. Nouwen; Laura M. James; Sharath Srinivasan
360 Pages
156 x 234 mm
Pub date
Nov 2020
Proceedings of the British Academy
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Sudan's Comprehensive Peace Agreement of 2005 ended over two decades of civil war and led to South Sudan's independence. Peacemaking that brought about the agreement and then sought to sustain it involved, alongside the Sudanese, an array of regional and western states as well as international organisations. This was a landmark effort to create and sustain peace in a war-torn region. Yet in the years that followed, multiple conflicts continued or reignited, both in Sudan and in South Sudan. Peacemaking attempts multiplied. Authored by both practitioners and scholars, this volume grapples with the question of which, and whose, ideas of peace and of peacemaking were pursued in the Sudans and how they fared. Bringing together economic, legal, anthropological and political science perspectives on over a decade of peacemaking attempts in the two countries, it provides insights for peacemaking efforts to come, in the Sudans and elsewhere.


List of Figures
List of Tables
Note on Contributors
1 NASREDEEN ABDULBARI: The Interlinkage between Understandings of Self-Determination and Understandings of Peace
2 WENDY JAMES: Making Peace on Paper Only: A View from the Blue Nile
3 DOUGLAS H. JOHNSON: Abyei, the CPA, and the War in Sudan's New South
4 PETER DIXON: Strategic Peacebuilding and the Sudanese Peace Process
5 BENEDETTA DE ALESSI: Peacemaking, the SPLM/A's Political Transition During the CPA Era and Conflict in the Sudans
6 EDWARD THOMAS: Fiscal Policy and Sudan's 2005 Comprehensive Peace Agreement
7 LAURA M. JAMES: Economic Provisions of the CPA: Selective Implementation and Long-Term Consequences
8 NADA MUSTAFA ALI: Gender and Disarmament, Demobilization, and Reintegration in Post-Comprehensive Peace Agreement (CPA) South Sudan
9 DANIEL LARGE: China and the CPA: Developing Peace in Sudan?
10 BRENDAN BROMWICH: Natural Resources, Conflict and Peacebuilding in Darfur: The Challenge to Detraumatise Social and Environmental Change
11 PARTHA MOMAN: A Flawed Formula for Peacemaking and Continued Violence in Darfur: The Abuja Negotiations, 2004-2006
12 ROSALIND MARSDEN: Peacemaking in Darfur and the Doha Process: The Role of International Actors
13 SOPHIA DAWKINS: Why Negotiate? Why Mediate? The Purpose of South Sudanese Peacemaking
14 ALY VERJEE: Concluding Reflections: Sudan's Comprehensive Peace Agreement and Theories of Change?
15 MAREIKE SCHOMERUS AND ANOUK S. RIGTERINK: South Sudan's long crisis of justice: Merging notions of lack of socio-economic justice and criminal accountability
16 ALEX DE WAAL: Concluding Reflections: Sudan's Comprehensive Peace Agreement: Theories of Change

About the author: 

Sarah M. H. Nouwen is Reader in International Law and Co-Deputy Director of the Lauterpacht Centre for International Law at the University of Cambridge, and a fellow of Pembroke College, Cambridge. She worked in Sudan for the Netherlands Ministry of Foreign Affairs, as a consultant for the Department for International Development and as a legal advisor to the African Union High-Level Implementation Panel on Sudan. She is the author of Complementarity in the Line of Fire: The Catalysing Effect of the International Criminal Court in Uganda and Sudan (Cambridge University Press, 2013) and an Editor-in-Chief of the European Journal of International Law.; Laura James is Senior Middle East analyst at Oxford Analytica, a political risk consultancy firm. Previously, she was an affiliated lecturer teaching Middle East politics at the University of Cambridge and an independent consultant specializing in the interface between political and economic issues in the Middle East and Africa. She spent five years in Khartoum, working as an economic adviser for the UK Department for International Development (DFID) and the European Union. She was also an adviser to the mediation team on the South Sudanese secession negotiations. Before that, she worked as a Middle East analyst with the Economist Intelligence Unit (EIU).; Sharath Srinivasan is Co-Director of the University of Cambridge's Centre of Governance and Human Rights, David and Elaine Potter Lecturer in the Department of Politics and International Studies, and a Fellow of King's College, Cambridge. He lived in Sudan and worked for the International Rescue Committee in the early 2000s, and has researched on Sudan ever since. He is a member of Council for the British Institute in Eastern Africa and a Fellow of the Rift Valley Institute. He is the author of the forthcoming book, When Peace Kills Politics: International intervention and unending war in the Sudans (Hurst & Co).

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