Indo-German Exchanges in Education: Rabindranath Tagore Meets Paul and Edith Geheeb

ISBN : 9780190126278

Martin Kampchen
216 Pages
145 x 220 mm
Pub date
Nov 2020
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In 1930, when Rabindranath Tagore met Paul and Edith Geheeb in Germany, they formed a fruitful and long-term association resulting in the exchange of ideas and vision. Tagore's Brahmacharya Ashram, founded in 1901 in Shantiniketan, and the Geheeb's Odenwaldschule, established in Germany in 1910 (thereafter the Ecole d''Humanite in Switzerland, established in 1934 after the couple fled Nazi Germany), emerged from vastly different cultural backgrounds and social exigencies. Yet, they recognized striking similarities between their educational endeavours. The meeting also initiated a close association between India and Germany, with the Geheebs attracting many Indian intellectuals and Indophile Germans to their schools. This book explores the areas where the lives of the Geheebs and Tagore, and their respective circles, overlap. Rather than being a biography, a history, or a comprehensive description, this study is a comparison of Tagore and the Geheebs and their schools. Making use of the repository of unpublished correspondence available at the Ecole's archive, the author studies the Indo- German cultural exchanges in the early twentieth century that were initiated by these three educators and their pedagogical vision.


Part I and II
(1) Rabindranath Tagore Meets Paul and Edith Geheeb
(a) India and Germany in the Beginning of the Twentieth Century
(b) Paul Geheeb-A Life for Education
(c) Edith Geheeb, the Co-founder, and her Circle
(d) Paul and Edith Geheeb-their Personalities
(e) Early Contacts with India
(f) Rabindranath Tagore's Third Visit to Germany (1930)
(g) The Meeting and its Aftermath
(2) Educational Ideals of Paul Geheeb and Rabindranath Tagore
(a) Pedagogical Principles of the Odenwaldschule and the Ecole d'Humanite
(b) Rabindranath Tagore's Pedagogical Vision
(c) Comparing Two Narratives: The Odenwaldschule / Ecole d'Humanite and Santiniketan
(3) The Relationship of the Ecole d'Humanite with India
(a) Aurobindo Bose (after 1934)
(b) Contacts with the Ramakrishna Mission in Germany and Switzerland
(c) The Nehru-Gandhi Family in Switzerland (1953)
(d) Edith Geheeb's Visit to India (1965-66)
(e) The Children's Garden School in Chennai
(4) An Indo-German Encounter: An Evaluation

About the author: 

Martin Kampchen is a German religious scholar, author, translator and Journalist, dedicated to the German-Indian cultural exchange. He has a PhD in modern war literature and a second one in the comparative study of Ramakrishna and Francis of Assisi. His primary area of interest is the cultural dialogue between India and Germany in the twentieth century. He has translated conversations of Ramakrishna with his disciples and plays and poetry of Rabindranath Tagore from Bengali to German.

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