Macromolecular Crystallization and Crystal Perfection

ISBN : 9780199213252

Naomi E. Chayen; John R. Helliwell; Edward H. Snell
240 Pages
160 x 240 mm
Pub date
Mar 2010
International Union of Crystallography Monographs on Crystallography
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The crystallization of proteins and nucleic acids and/or their complexes has become more highly automated but is still often a trial and error based approach. In parallel, a number of X-ray diffraction based techniques have been developed which explain the physical reasons limiting the resulting crystallographic data and thus show how that data may be improved. Crystal growth is also pivotal in neutron crystallography, which establishes the hydrogen and hydration aspects. Thus this book is aimed at addressing the science behind obtaining the best and most complete structural data possible for biological macromolecules, so that the detailed structural biology and chemistry of these important molecules emerge. Crystal imperfections such as twinning and lattice disorders, as well as multiple crystal situations, and their possible remedies, are also described. The small crystal frontier in micro-crystal crystallography, crystallites in powders and finally down to the proposed single molecule structure determination of X-ray lasers are covered. Overall this interdisciplinary book will interest crystal growers, X-ray and neutron physicists and the biological crystallographers, including graduate students.


1. Introduction
2. Crystallization Theory
3. Practical Methods of Crystallization
4. Screening
5. Optimization
6. Strategies when high quality crystals cannot be obtained
7. Membrane Proteins
8. Alternative Approaches
9. Experimental Aspects
10. Analysis of the Molecular Short-Range Order
11. Analysis of the Long-Range Order
12. Macromolecular Crystals and Twinning
13. Other Macromolecular Crystal Diffraction Disorders
14. Degradation and Improvement of Crystal Perfection
15. Unusual Diffraction Geometries
16. Making the Most of Difficult Crystals
17. Protein Powders
18. Complementary Techniques
19. The X-ray Laser and the Single Molecule
20. Overall Summary and Future Thoughts
Glossary of Abbreviations, Terms, and Symbols

About the author: 

Naomi E. Chayen is Professor of Biomedical Sciences at Imperial College London, Visiting Professor at Harvard Medical School and the President of the International Organisation for Biological Crystallization (IOBCr). She organises and chairs crystallization sessions at international conferences and courses, and is a Crystallization Co-Editor of Acta Crystallographica D.; Prof J R Helliwell is Professor of Structural Chemistry at the University of Manchester and an Honorary Visiting Scientist at the STFC Daresbury Laboratory. He has served as Editor-in-Chief of Acta Crystallographica and is currently President of the European Crystallographic Association. ; Dr Edward Snell is Assistant Professor at the Hauptman-Woodward Medical Research Institute at the State University of New York at Buffalo. He has worked at NASA as a senior scientist and was PI on several space missions on the International Space station. He has received a number of academic awards.

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