ISBN : 9780198865827
Everyone allows that we can reason to a new belief from beliefs that we already have. Aristotle thought that we could also reason from beliefs to action. Practical Shape: A Theory of Practical Reasoning establishes this possibility of reasoning to action, in a way that allows also for reasoning to intention, hope, fear, and doubt. While many philosophers have found little sense in Aristotle's claim, Dancy offers a general theory of reasoning that is sensitive to current debates but still Aristotelian in spirit. The text clearly sets out the similarities between reasoning to action and reasoning to belief, which are far more striking than any dissimilarities. Its detailed account of practical reasoning, a topic inadequately covered in current literature, is presented in such a way as to be intelligible to a variety of readers, making it an ideal resource for students of philosophy but also of interest to academics in related disciplines.
1 What Is the (Supposed) Problem about Practical Reasoning?
2 How Practical Reasoning is Possible
3 The Material Theory of Practical Reasoning
4 From the Practical to the Theoretical
5 Moral Reasoning
6 Taking Stock
7 Instrumental Reasoning
8 Reasoning to Normative Belief
9 Reasoning to Intention
10 Loose Ends