Basaglia's International Legacy: From Asylum to Community

ISBN : 9780198841012

Tom Burns; John Foot
392 Pages
156 x 234 mm
Pub date
May 2020
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Franco Basaglia (1924-1980) was an Italian psychiatrist and activist who proposed the dismantling of psychiatric hospitals and pioneered new ideas about mental health and its treatment. Basaglia was also one of the principal proponents of Italy's Law 180, which effectively closed down large mental hospitals in Italy.

His ideas and his disciples have had a decisive influence in the move away from institutional care in many parts of the world, particularly in continental Europe and South America.
However, Basaglia is strikingly absent from the literature in Germanic and Anglophone psychiatry.
Most of the literature about Basaglia in the last 40 years has been published by his followers and supporters and has often been largely positive, with little exploration of differing responses or possible limitations of his model.

Basaglia's International Legacy: From Asylum to Community provides an overview of current thinking and the international influence of Franco Basaglia. This resource draws on the combined knowledge of clinicians, policy makers, historians, and social scientists, including a handful of Basaglia's collaborators. It provides an in-depth understanding and critical analysis of the various applications of his thinking worldwide. Organised into three broad sections, chapters examine Basaglia's work and influence in Italy; in the 'Basaglian' countries of Europe and South America; and in those countries where his influence has either been rejected or significantly modified. The Editors bring together the contributions and draw out the important messages (both positive and negative) for current clinical practice and development within international mental health services.


1 John Foot: Franco Basaglia: A Man, A Movement, Institutions and Outcomes
2 Oisin Wall: Basaglia and the British anti-psychiatrists: Two radically different projects, 1960-70
3 Roberto Mezzina: Basaglia after Basaglia: Recovery, human rights, and Trieste today
4 Angelo Fioritti: Basaglia s legacy and italian mental healthcare today
5 Benedetto Saraceno and Sashi P. Sashidharan: Basaglia s international influence
6 Jose Miguel Caldas de-Almeida: The impact of Basaglia and the Italian psychiatric reform in Latin America
7 Ernesto Venturini, Maria Stella Brandao Goulart, and Paulo Amarante: The optimism of practice: Impacts of Basaglia's thoughts on Brazil
8 Diana Mauri and Alejandra Barcala: From the asylum to community mental health services: The path to human rights
9 Victor Aparicio Basauri: Spain: The critical movements and the influence of Franco Basaglia and Democratic Psychiatry
10 Theodoros Megaloeconomou: Franco Basaglia's influence on the Greek mental health system
11 Tom Burns: The UK s rejection of Basaglia
12 Brendan D. Kelly: Franco Basaglia: Another Conspicuous Non-Event in the History of Psychiatry in Irelanda
13 Helen Spandler: Asylum: a magazine for Democratic Psychiatry in England
14 Chantal Marazia, Heiner Fangerau, Thomas Becker, and Felicitas Sohner: Visions of Another World : Franco Basaglia and the German Reform
15 Jacek Moskalewicz, Grazyna Herczynska, and Katarzyna Prot-Klinger: Has the spirit of Basaglia affected Polish psychiatrya
16 Gemma Blok: A spectre for some, a Mecca for others: The impact of Basaglia in the Netherlands
17 Nicolas Henckes and Anne M. Lovell: Basaglia in France: The marginality of exemplarity
18 Vito Flaker, Vladimir Jovi?, Nata a Cvetkovi? Jovi?, and Andreja Rafaeli?: Borderline Deinstitutionalisation: Yugoslav Resonance and Dissonance with Basaglia
19 Robert Okin: The Trieste Model: Obstacles to Replication in San Francisco
20 Alain Topor: Deinstitutionalisation, welfare state and social engineering: Basaglia in the Swedish context
21 Tom Burns and John Foot: Making sense of Basaglia:Cross-cutting themes and unresolved issues

About the author: 

Tom Burns is Professor Emeritus of Social Psychiatry at the University of Oxford and Honorary Professor of Psychiatry at University College London. He has published eight books and over 300 papers. Our Necessary Shadow: The Nature and Meaning of Psychiatry, his book on psychiatry for the general reader, was published by Penguin in 2014.
He was awarded the CBE in 2006 for services to mental health care.
; Professor John Foot's work focuses predominantly on contemporary Italy. He has published research in urban history, the history of sport, and memory studies, often directed at the general reader. From 2010 he carried out research, funded by the Wellcome Trust, into the life and work of the radical psychiatrist Franco Basaglia. This led to the publication of his book, The Man Who Closed the Asylums: Franco Basaglia and the Revolution in Mental Health Care. Professor Foot is currently working on a history of Italian fascism.

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