The Social Psychology of Collective Victimhood

ISBN : 9780190875190

Johanna Ray Vollhardt
472 Pages
156 x 235 mm
Pub date
Jun 2020
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Throughout the world, many continue to experience collective violence and its long-lasting consequences. This book examines the social psychological processes involved in experiences of collective victimization and oppression, as well as the consequences of these experiences for individuals and for relations within and between groups. In twenty chapters, authors explore questions such as: How are experiences of collective victimization passed down and understood? How do people cope with and make sense of these experiences? Who is included and excluded from the category of "victims," and what are the psychological consequences of such denial versus acknowledgment of collective victimization? And finally, what are the ethics of researching collective victimization, especially when these experiences are recent or politically contested?

The authors examine these questions and others across a range of different contexts of collective violence in different parts of the world, including ethnic and religious conflicts, the aftermath of genocides, post-Apartheid, consequences of settler colonialism, racism, the caste system, and national histories of victimization.


Chapter 1. Introduction to The Social Psychology of Collective Victimhood: Examining Context, Power, and Diversity in Experiences of Collective Victimization
Johanna Ray Vollhardt
Section 1: How are Narratives of Collective Victimization Passed Down? Transmission of Collective Victimhood in Families and Communities
Chapter 2. Transgenerational Transmission of Collective Victimhood through a Developmental Intergroup Framework: The Lasting Power of Group Narratives of Suffering
Laura Taylor, Marina Stambuk, Dinka Corkalo Biruski, & Dean O'Driscoll
Chapter 3. Collective Memory and the Legacy of the Troubles: Territoriality, Identity and Victimhood in Northern Ireland
Neil Ferguson & Donna Halliday
Section 2: How do People Appraise, Feel About, and Respond to Collective Victimization? Affect and Coping Mechanisms Involved in Collective Victimhood
Chapter 4. The Context, Content, and Claims of Humiliation in Response to Collective Victimhood
Yashpal Jogdand, Sammyh Khan, & Stephen Reicher
Chapter 5. A Temporal Account of Collective Victimization as Existential Threat: Reconsidering Adaptive and Maladaptive Responses
Gilad Hirschberger & Tsachi Ein-Dor
Chapter 6. Collective Victimhood as a Form of Adaptation: A World Systems Perspective
Michal Bilewicz & James Liu
Chapter 7. The Unifying Potential of an Appraisal Approach to the Experience of Group Victimization
Colin Wayne Leach
Section 3: How do People Make Sense of Collective Victimization? Collective Victim Beliefs, Lay Theories, and Lessons of Collective Victimhood
Chapter 8. Studied and Understudied Victim Beliefs: What Have We Learned So Far and What's Ahead?
Zsolt Peter Szabo
Chapter 9. Community Members' Theorisation of Their Collective Victimization: Deliberating the Dynamics to Islamophobia
Nick Hopkins & Anna Dobai
Chapter 10. In the Aftermath of Historical Trauma: Perceived Moral Obligations of Current Group Members
Yechiel Klar, Noa Schori-Eyal, & Lior Yom Tov
Section 4: How Does Social Inequality Influence Collective Victimhood? The Role of Structural Violence, Intersectionality, and Group-based Power
Chapter 11. Collective Victimhood Resulting from Structural Violence
Silvia Mari, Denise Bentrovato, Federica Durante, & Johan Wassermann
Chapter 12. Examining Collective Victim Beliefs using Intersectionality
Rashmi Nair, Mukadder Okuyan, & Nicola Curtin
Chapter 13. Resentment and Redemption: On the Mobilisation of Dominant Group Victimhood
Stephen Reicher & Yasemin Ulusahin
Section 5: Who is Considered a Victim? Inclusion and Exclusion Dynamics of Collective Victimhood Based on Power and Perceived Legitimacy
Chapter 14. Experiencing Acknowledgment versus Denial of the Ingroup's Collective Victimization
Michelle Sinayobye Twali, Boaz Hameiri, Johanna Ray Vollhardt, & Arie Nadler
Chapter 15. A Critical Race Reading of Collective Victimhood: The Precarious Case of Black Americans
Michael J. Perez & Phia S. Salter
Chapter 16. We All Suffered! - The Role of Power in Rhetorical Strategies of Inclusive Victimhood and its Consequences for Intergroup Relations
Andrew McNeill & Johanna Ray Vollhardt
Section 6: What is the Role of Personality Traits and Psychological Needs in Collective Victimhood?
Chapter 17. The Tendency to Feel Victimized in Interpersonal and Intergroup Relationships
Rahav Gabay, Boaz Hameiri, Tami Lipshitz, & Arie Nadler
Chapter 18. Striking at the Core: A Unified Framework of How Collective Victimhood Affects Basic Psychological Needs for Relatedness, Competence, and Autonomy
Frank Jake Kachanoff, Michael J. A. Wohl, & Donald M. Taylor
Chapter 19. When Two Groups Hurt Each Other: Understanding and Reducing the Negative Consequences of Collective Victimhood in Dual Conflicts
Nurit Shnabel, Rotem Kahalon, Johannes Ullrich, & Anna Lisa Aydin
Section 7: Ethical Challenges in Researching Collective Victimization
Chapter 20. The Ethics of Researching and Writing about Collective Victimhood in Post-Conflict Societies
Sigrun Marie Moss

About the author: 

Johanna Ray Vollhardt is Associate Professor of Psychology at Clark University, where she directs the Social Psychology Ph.D. program. At Clark, she is also affiliated with the Strassler Center for Holocaust and Genocide Studies, the Peace Studies program, and the Center for Gender, Area, and Race Studies.
She has served on the governing council and as Vice President of the International Society of Political Psychology. She is a co-founder and co-editor of the Journal of Social and Political Psychology.

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