Welfare for Autocrats

ISBN : 9780190087425

Jennifer Pan
288 Pages
156 x 235 mm
Pub date
Jun 2020
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What are the costs of the Chinese regime's fixation on quelling dissent in the name of political order, or "stability?" In Welfare for Autocrats, Jennifer Pan shows that China has reshaped its major social assistance program, Dibao, around this preoccupation, turning an effort to alleviate poverty into a tool of surveillance and repression. This distortion of Dibao damages perceptions of government competence and legitimacy and can trigger unrest among those denied benefits. Pan traces how China's approach to enforcing order transformed at the turn of the 21st century and identifies a phenomenon she calls seepage whereby one policy-in this case, quelling dissent-alters the allocation of resources and goals of unrelated areas of government. Using novel datasets and a variety of methodologies, Welfare for Autocrats challenges the view that concessions and repression are distinct strategies and departs from the assumption that all tools of repression were originally designed as such. Pan reaches the startling conclusion that China's preoccupation with order not only comes at great human cost but in the case of Dibao may well backfire.


Chapter 1: Introduction: The Primacy of Political Order
Chapter 2: Becoming Fixated on Political Order
Chapter 3: Reacting at the Hint of Disorder
Chapter 4: Distributing Social Assistance to Preempt Disorder
Chapter 5: Repressing with Social Assistance
Chapter 6: Triggering Backlash
Chapter 7: Becoming a Digital Dictatorship
Supplementary Materials

About the author: 

Jennifer Pan is an Assistant Professor of Communication, and an Assistant Professor, by courtesy, of Political Science and Sociology at Stanford University.

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