OXFORD UNIVERSITY PRESS

Shadows of Syntax: Revitalizing Logical and Mathematical Conventionalism

ISBN : 9780190086152

Price(incl.tax): 
¥13,090
Author: 
Jared Warren
Pages
400 Pages
Format
Hardcover
Size
156 x 235 mm
Pub date
Jun 2020
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What is the source of logical and mathematical truth? This volume revitalizes conventionalism as an answer to this question. Conventionalism takes logical and mathematical truth to have their source in linguistic conventions. This was an extremely popular view in the early 20th century, but it was never worked out in detail and is now almost universally rejected in mainstream philosophical circles. In Shadows of Syntax, Jared Warren offers the first book-length treatment and defense of a combined conventionalist theory of logic and mathematics. He argues that our conventions, in the form of syntactic rules of language use, are perfectly suited to explain the truth, necessity, and a priority of logical and mathematical claims.

In Part I, Warren explains exactly what conventionalism amounts to and what linguistic conventions are. Part II develops an unrestricted inferentialist theory of the meanings of logical constants that leads to logical conventionalism. This conventionalist theory is elaborated in discussions of logical pluralism, the epistemology of logic, and of the influential objections that led to the historical demise of conventionalism. Part III aims to extend conventionalism from logic to mathematics. Unlike logic, mathematics involves both ontological commitments and a rich notion of truth that cannot be generated by any algorithmic process. To address these issues Warren develops conventionalist-friendly but independently plausible theories of both metaontology and mathematical truth. Finally, Part IV steps back to address big picture worries and meta-worries about conventionalism. This book develops and defends a unified theory of logic and mathematics according to which logical and mathematical truths are reflections of our linguistic rules, mere shadows of syntax.

Index: 

I. The Philosophical Background
1. What is Conventionalism
2. Linguistic Conventions
II. Revitalizing Logical Conventionalism
3. Unrestricted Logical Inferentialism
4. Logical Conventionalism
5. Alternative Conventions, Alternative Logics
6. The Epistemology of Logic
7. The Very Idea of Truth by Convention
III. Revitalizing Mathematical Conventionalism
8. From Logic to Mathematics
9. Metaontology, Existence, and Reference
10. Mathematical Determinacy
11. Truth, Paradoxes, Freedom, Applications, and Knowledge
12. Metamathematics versus Conventionalism
IV. Reflections
13. Old Slogans, New Dogmas
14. The Facts of the Matter

About the author: 

Jared Warren is Assistant Professor of philosophy at Stanford University. He has published papers in metaphysics, epistemology, mind and language, metaphilosophy, and the philosophy of logic and mathematics.

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