OXFORD UNIVERSITY PRESS

Living Sociologically: Concepts and Connections

ISBN : 9780199325948

Price(incl.tax): 
¥12,309
Author: 
Ronald N. Jacobs; Eleanor Townsley
Pages
592 Pages
Format
Paperback
Size
216 x 279 mm
Pub date
Jan 2020
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Students are drawn to topics of urgent sociological concern-race, class, gender, family, popular culture, health, and crime-by a need to both understand the forces that shape their world, and their desire to make the world better. It can be challenging, however, for students to link sociological concepts with real-world applications. Living Sociologically: Concepts and Connections helps students make those connections.

Encouraging students to observe, explore, and think critically about the social world, Living Sociologically offers a new, class-tested framework for teaching introduction to sociology. The "paired concepts" approach demonstrates the interdependent ways in which social forces work, and encourages students to engage with complexity and contradiction. It also connects students to a broader set of questions and provides them with critical, analytical tools for their post-college lives.

In addition, each chapter includes an opening vignette, examples of contemporary research, box features that exemplify the five paired concepts, career boxes, methods and interpretation boxes, case studies, review sections, and practical activities.

Index: 

Preface

Part I: The Basics

1. What Is Sociology?

What Is Sociology?

The Sociological Imagination

The Discipline of Sociology

Sociology and Everyday Knowledge

Levels of Analysis

Microsociology

Macrosociology

Institutional Perspectives

Thinking Relationally: The Paired Concepts

Solidarity and Conflict

Power and Resistance

Inequality and Privilege

Global and Local

Structure and Contingency

Why Sociology?

CAREERS Different Careers of Sociology Majors

2. American Sociology: Theory and Contexts

Thinking Like a Sociologist

Critical Questions and the Sociological Imagination

Sociology, Theory, and the Social Sciences

Classical Sociology

The Industrial Revolution

The Democratic Revolution

The Creation of Nation-States

The European Canon

The Forgotten Canon?

Sociology in America

The Chicago School and American Sociology

Conflict, Consensus, and Symbolic Interaction

Sociology Theory Today

Moving Away from Grand Theories

Theories About Difference

The Cultural Turn

Global Context

Sociology Today

Thinking Sociologically

Why Sociology?

Case Study: W. E. B. Du Bois and the History of American Sociology

METHODS AND INTERPRETATION Measuring the Effect of Education on Earnings

CAREERS The Importance of Theory

Paired Concepts

POWER AND RESISTANCE Sociological Theorists in the Real World

INEQUALITY AND PRIVILEGE Forgotten Founders in Sociology

GLOBAL AND LOCAL The Importance of Immigration in American Sociology

STRUCTURE AND CONTINGENCY Inverting and Subverting the Social Script

SOLIDARITY AND CONFLICT The History of SWS

3. Doing Sociology: Research Methods and Critical Literacy

Social Research

Social Research and Ethics

Social Research and Sociology in Media, Politics and Everyday Life

Science and Complex Societies

The Research Process

Data and Measurement

Variables, Data Collection, and Causal Relationships

Three Common Strategies for Sociological Research

Talking to People: Survey Analysis, Interviews, and Focus Groups

Observation: Ethnography and Experiments

Analysis of Publicly Available Data Sources: Media Reports, Government Documents, Official Statistics, and Big Data

The Social Nature of Social Research

The Challenge of Studying People

Basic, Applied, and Public Sociology

Case Study: Doing Sociology in Society (Including Society Online)

METHODS AND INTERPRETATION Data Sources: Major Surveys Conducted by Sociologists

CAREERS Careers in Applied Sociology

Paired Concepts

POWER AND RESISTANCE: Human Subjects Protection in Social Research

SOLIDARITY AND CONFLICT Race, Difference, and the Politics of Medical Research

INEQUALITY AND PRIVILEGE Studying Doormen in New York

LOCAL AND GLOBAL Citizen Science: Using Local Data to Understand Global Patterns

STRUCTURE AND CONTINGENCY The Baby Einstein Phenomenon

Part II: Structure and Control

4. Culture

How Do Sociologists Study Culture?

What Is Culture?

Material Culture and Ideal Culture

Culture and Power

Cultural Power

Resisting Cultural Power

Types of Culture in Today's World

Global Culture

Dominant Cultures and Subcultures

Popular Culture and Commercial Culture in Industrializing Europe and Around the World

High Culture

CASE STUDY Protesting the National Anthem

METHODS AND INTERPRETATION Measuring Culture Using Big Data

CAREERS Working in the Creative Industries

Paired Concepts

STRUCTURE AND CONTINGENCY The Protocols of the Elders of Zion

GLOBAL AND LOCAL The History of Manga

SOLIDARITY AND CONFLICT Music and Social Protest

POWER AND RESISTANCE Fanfiction

INEQUALITY AND PRIVILEGE Who Goes to the Museum and Opera?

5. Socialization, Social Interaction, and Group Life

Socialization and Selfhood

Nature and Nurture

The Social Self

Agents of Socialization

Adult Socialization

Interaction and the Social Construction of Reality

Status and Role

Performance and the Social Self

Social Interaction in a Digital Age

Group Life

Group Size

Primary Groups and Secondary Groups

Reference Groups

Bureaucracy in Group Life

Social Networks in Group Life

Case Study: Caitlyn Jenner and Gender Socialization

METHODS AND INTERPRETATION Life-Course Research on Socialization

CAREERS Getting a Job: The Strength of Weak Ties

Paired Concepts

INEQUALITY AND PRIVILEGE Different Styles of Parenting

STRUCTURE AND CONTINGENCY What is the Meaning of Fair Play? The 2012 Olympic Badminton Controversy

POWER AND RESISTANCE Challenging Gender Stereotypes with the SlutWalk Campaign

SOLIDARITY AND CONFLICT The Stanford Prison Experiment

GLOBAL AND LOCAL Bureaucracy in Singapore

6. Deviance, Crime, and Punishment

Deviance

Why Does Deviance Exist?

The Social Construction of Deviance

Crime

Categories of Crime

Policing Crime

Surveillance

Punishment

Punishment as a Public Display of Morality

Punishment and Treatment

Incarceration

CASE STUDY Why Are Crime Stories So Popular?

CAREERS Careers in the Criminal Justice Field

METHODS AND INTERPRETATION Measuring the Crime Rate

Paired Concepts

STRUCTURE AND CONTINGENCY Is Chewing Gum Deviant?

SOLIDARITY AND CONFLICT The Moral Panic Over School Bullying

POWER AND RESISTANCE What's Wrong with Graffiti?

GLOBAL AND LOCAL The Global Drug Trade

INEQUALITY AND PRIVILEGE Punishment and Plea Bargaining

Part III: Difference and Inequality

7. Inequality, Mobility and Social Change

What Is Inequality?

Is Inequality Natural or Social?

Is Inequality Good or Bad?

Inequality and Stratification

Types of Stratification

Caste Systems

Class Systems

Status Systems

Party Systems: Inequality through Meritocracy

The Role of Consumption in Reproducing Inequality

A Portrait of Stratification Today

Stratification in the US

Global Stratification

Social Mobility

Social Factors Associated with Mobility

Structural Mobility

Social Change and the Attempt to Create More Equality

Social Policy

Social Conflict

CASE STUDY The Bachelor: Crystallizing Stratification on TV

METHODS AND INTERPRETATION Measuring Status Attainment and Social Mobility

CAREERS Social Mobility and Career Planning

Paired Concepts

POWER AND RESISTANCE Ending Apartheid in South Africa

INEQUALITY AND PRIVILEGE Marketing to the Super-Rich

GLOBAL AND LOCAL Wealthy Chinese Students at Elite US Schools

STRUCTURE AND CONTINGENCY Creating Social Security

SOLIDARITY AND CONFLICT A Short History of the Worker's Strike in the United States

8. Race, Ethnicity and Multiculturalism

The Social Construction of Race

Race and Biology

The Changing Understanding of Race Over Time

Race And Ethnicity

Racial and Ethnic Groups in the US

Native Americans

White Ethnic Groups

African Americans

Latinas and Latinos

Asian Americans

Race, Privilege, and Inequality

The Privileges of Being in the Majority Group

Racial Discrimination and Segregation

Consequences of Discrimination

Colorblind Racism

Racial Conflict

Multiculturalism and Diversity

Assimilation and Racial Privilege

Challenging Assimilation

Multiculturalism (Movement and Policy)

Multiracial and Multiethnic Identities

CASE STUDY Intersecting Identities

METHODS AND INTERPRETATION Defining and Measuring Race in Official Government Data

CAREERS Multiculturalism in the Workplace

Paired Concepts

STRUCTURE AND CONTINGENCY The Growth and Success of Native American Casinos

SOLIDARITY AND CONFLICT W.E.B. Du Bois, Booker T. Washington, and the Struggle to Define African American Politics

GLOBAL AND LOCAL Latino Computer Engineers from Columbia and Puerto Rico

INEQUALITY AND PRIVILEGE How Irish Americans Became White

POWER AND RESISTANCE Black Lives Matter

9. Gender, Sexuality and the Body

Sex, Gender, and the Body

Gender and Performance

Gender Stereotypes

Gender and Power

Masculinity and Femininity

The Gender Order

Divisions of Labor

Workplace Harassment and Sexual Exclusions in Work and Public Spaces

Challenging Patriarchy and the History of the Women's Movement

Sexuality and the Body

Romance

Marketing Desire

Heteronormativity

Queer Identities Beyond the Closet

CASE STUDY Gender Intersections at McDonalds

CAREERS Women, Men and Social Networks in Careers

METHODS AND INTERPRETATION Gender Bias in Social Research

Paired Concepts

STRUCTURE AND CONTINGENCY Classifying Intersexed Babies

INEQUALITY AND PRIVILEGE Men in Pink-Collar Work

SOLIDARITY AND CONFLICT Feminist Politics

GLOBAL AND LOCAL Sex Work

POWER AND RESISTANCE Stonewall

Part IV: Institutions and Issues

10. Marriage, Family and the Law

Family and Society

Family, Kinship, and Society

Marriage and Family as Social Institutions

Changes in Marriage and Family

Traditional Families and Nuclear Families

Divorce

Single-Parent Families

Delay and Decline of Marriage

Boomerang Kids and Sandwich Parents

Transnational Families

Challenging Family Forms

Feminist Challenges to the Family

Blended Families

Multiracial Families

Lesbian and Gay Families

CASE STUDY Family Names

CAREERS Marriage and Family Therapists

METHODS AND INTERPRETATION The Debate About Birth-Order Effects

Paired Concepts

INEQUALITY AND PRIVILEGE Legal Biases in Favor of Marriage

SOLIDARITY AND CONFLICT Disagreements Over Parenting Styles

STRUCTURE AND CONTINGENCY Bird-Nesting As A Co-Parenting Strategy After Divorce

GLOBAL AND LOCAL Korean Wild Geese Families

POWER AND RESISTANCE Loving vs. Virginia

11. Science, Religion and Knowing

Religion and Science as Ways of Knowing the World

Religious Cosmologies

Scientific Cosmologies

Religion as a Social Institution

Elements of Religious Institutions

The Major Religions And Their Global Impact

Modern Society and Secularism

The Secularization Thesis

The Persistence of Religion

Religion and Politics

Science as a Social Institution

The Sociology of Science

Science and Technology Studies

The Crisis of Knowing, and the Importance of Belief

Epistemological Doubts

Can Science and Religion Coexist?

CASE STUDY Debating Evolution In Public Schools

METHODS AND INTERPRETATION Measuring Religious Commitment

CAREERS Women's Careers in STEM

Paired Concepts

POWER AND RESISTANCE Galileo, Darwin and the Church

GLOBAL AND LOCAL Catholicism in Africa

SOLIDARITY AND CONFLICT Religious Proselytizing

INEQUALITY AND PRIVILEGE Science and the Matthew Effect

STRUCTURE AND CONTINGENCY The Invention of Velcro

12. Health, Illness and Medicine

Health

Geography, Class, Race, Gender, Age and Other Differences

Genetics

Environment

An Intersectional Understanding of Health Disparities

Illness

Experiencing Illness Differently

Being a Patient

Medicalization

Medicine

Medical Institutions

Public Health

Social Responses to Sickness and Illness

Access to Health Care

CASE STUDY: Genetic Testing

METHODS AND INTERPRETATION Race-Based Medicine

CAREERS Sociology and Medicine

Paired Concepts

INEQUALITY AND PRIVILEGE How Inequality Shapes Our Final Years

POWER AND RESISTANCE Stigma and Size

SOLIDARITY AND CONFLICT Disruptive Behavior in Medical Settings

GLOBAL AND LOCAL Does Modern Society Make You Sick?

STRUCTURE AND CONTINGENCY Waiting For An Organ Transplant

13. Politics, Media and Social Movements

Politics as the Struggle for Influence

Coercive Power and Persuasive Power

Hegemony, Critique, and Resistance

Politics and Democracy

The Democratic Revolution

Comparing Systems of Representation

Public Opinion and Popular Sovereignty

Representing the People

Mediated Politics

Who Speaks For The Public?

Media and Agenda Setting

Economic Distortions of the Media Agenda

Social Movements

Challenging the Powerful

Organizing for Change

Getting Noticed

Movement Success

CASE STUDY The Strange History of the US Electoral College

METHODS AND INTERPRETATION Does Concentration of Media Ownership Matter?

CAREERS Sociology and Careers in Politics

Paired Concepts

POWER AND RESISTANCE Public Protests in Tahrir Square

INEQUALITY AND PRIVILEGE Who Gets Elected To The US Senate?

SOLIDARITY AND CONFLICT Push Polls and the Politics of Division

STRUCTURE AND CONTINGENCY: Barack Obama and Joe the Plumber

GLOBAL AND LOCAL The Creation of Greenpeace

14. Economy, Education, Work and Recreation

What Is Education For?

Literacy, Socialization, Citizenship, and Job Training

Social Sorting, Social Reproduction, and Social Mobility

Childcare and Employment

Going To School

Types of Schools

Teaching, Learning, and Assessment

Making Friends and Building Networks

Work and Recreation

Power, Privilege, and Inequality in the Workplace

The Sociology of Job Satisfaction

Historical Changes in the Economy

The Transition to Capitalism

Post-Industrialism and the Changing Nature of the Economy

Economic Crisis and Insecurity in an Age of Globalization

CASE STUDY. What Kind of Education Do People Need in Today's Economy?

METHODS AND INTERPRETATION Measuring Learning Outcomes and Teaching Effectiveness

CAREERS The Uber-ization of the Economy

Paired Concepts

SOLIDARITY AND CONFLICT The Fight Over Campus Speech Codes

GLOBAL AND LOCAL The Spread of Singapore Math

INEQUALITY AND PRIVILEGE How Elite Students Get Elite Jobs

POWER AND RESISTANCE The #MeToo Movement

STRUCTURE AND CONTINGENCY How Indoor Cycling Became a Multi-Billion-Dollar Industry

Part V: Change, Issues, and the Future

15. Population, Immigration and Urbanization

Population

Demography and Population Growth

Trends in Population Growth

Urbanization

Basic Concepts and Theories of Urbanization

Historical Patterns and Current Trends in Urbanization

Living in Cities

Immigration

Trends in Immigration

What Causes Immigration?

Immigrant Communities

The Politics of Immigration

CASE STUDY: Retirement Immigration to Central America

CAREERS Career Trends in Gerontology

METHODS AND INTERPRETATION Measuring Immigration Flows

Paired Concepts

STRUCTURE AND CONTINGENCY The Growth of Brambleton, Virginia

INEQUALITY AND PRIVILEGE Why London Real Estate Is So Expensive

GLOBAL AND LOCAL How the H1-B Visa Program Transformed Tech and Education in the US and India

SOLIDARITY AND CONFLICT the Jewish-American Diaspora and US Foreign Policy

POWER AND RESISTANCE A Day Without Immigrants

16. EPILOGUE Living on the Planet: Environment, Disaster and Risk

Living in Risk Society

Learning About The Environment: Culture and Socialization, Science and Religion

The Unequal Distribution of Environmental Risk

The Politics and Business of Environmental Destruction and Conservation

Making Wastefulness Deviant: Moments of Environmental Consciousness

Sociological Realism: Limits on Environmental Progress

Glossary

References

Credits

Index $ https://global.oup.com/academic/product/9780199325948 $ JHB

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About the author: 

Ron Jacobs (Ph.D, UCLA) is Professor of Sociology at the University at Albany, State University of New York. Eleanor Townsley (Ph.D., UCLA) is the Andrew A. Mellon Professor of Sociology and the Director of the curriculum to career program, Nexus, at Mount Holyoke College.

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