OXFORD UNIVERSITY PRESS

Inside Canadian Politics (2nd edition)

ISBN : 9780199032624

Price(incl.tax): 
¥11,869
Author: 
Alex Marland; Jared J. Wesley
Pages
648 Pages
Format
Paperback
Size
203 x 254 mm
Pub date
Apr 2020
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Contemporary and accessible, Inside Canadian Politics provides a fresh perspective on the institutions and issues at the heart of our political system. This text explores key concepts and topics in Canadian politics from federalism, regionalism, Indigeneity, and diversity, to the party system, media and political communication, and elections. Each chapter invites students to debate and discuss the effectiveness of government mechanisms in the daily lives of Canadians. This new edition has been fully updated to include the political realities of Canada today, including discussion of fake news, the effects of social media on democracy, issues surrounding resource development and climate change, and the renegotiation of crucial trade agreements.

Index: 

Figures and Tables

Preface

From the Publisher

Chapter 1: Overview of Canadian Politics

Inside this Chapter

Inside Canadian Politics

Getting Inside Canadian Politics

Core Concepts

Indigenous Peoples

Three Maxims of Canadian Politics

1 Core Cleavages

2. Key Institutions

3. Historical Evolution

Situating Indigenous Politics

Concluding Thoughts

For More Information

Deeper Inside Canadian Politics

Professor Profile: Gina Starblanket

PART I: Government and Governance

Chapter 2: The Constitution

Inside this Chapter

Inside the Constitution

Key Constitutional Principles

Parliamentary Democracy

Federalism

Aboriginal and Treaty Rights

Core Components of the Constitutional Order

Constitutional Laws and Amendments

Constitutional Conventions

Judicial Opinions

The Evolution of the Living Tree

The Road to Confederation (pre-1867)

Canadian Confederation (1867)

The Path to Patriating the Constitution (1867-1982)

The Mega-constitutional Period (1982-1995)

The Post-constitutional Period (1995-present)

The Charter of Rights and Freedoms

Charter Politics

Concluding Thoughts

For More Information

Deeper Inside Canadian Politics

Professor Profile: Lori Turnbull

UP FOR DEBATE: Should it be easier to amend the Canadian constitution?

Discussion Questions

Where to Learn More about the Canadian Constitution

Chapter 3: Federalism

Inside this Chapter

Inside Canadian Federalism

The Story of Federalism in Canada

Federalism in Context

The Origins of Canadian Federalism

Distinguishing Features of Canadian Federalism

Federalism within a Constitutional Monarchy

Centralization and Decentralization

The Tools of Federal Power

The Limits of Federal Dominance

Interpretations of Canadian Federalism

Major Models of Federalism

The Politics of Fiscal Federalism

Gaps in the System

Addressing Imbalances

Fiscal Federalism: Is It Working?

Inter-state and Intra-state Federalism in Canada

The Evolution of Canadian Federalism

Concluding Thoughts

For More Information

Deeper Inside Canadian Politics

Professor Profile: Loleen Berdahl

UP FOR DEBATE: Is federalism working in Canada?

Discussion Questions

Where to Learn More about Federalism in Canada

Chapter 4: Regionalism and Political Cultures

Inside this Chapter

Inside Regionalism in Canada

Regionalism and National Identity in Canada

Approaches to the Study of Regionalism

Regional Political Cultures

Types of Canadian Regionalism

Sectionalism, Nationalism, and Secessionism

Regionalism in Quebec

The Evolution of Regionalism in Canada

Origins of Regionalism

Persistence of Regionalism

Regionalism and National Unity

Concluding Thoughts

For More Information

Deeper Inside Canadian Politics

Professor Profile: David McGrane

UP FOR DEBATE: Is regionalism pulling Canada apart?

Discussion Questions

Where to Learn More about Regionalism in Canadian Politics

Chapter 5: The Executive

Inside this Chapter

Inside the Executive

The Executive Branch

The Formal Executive

The Political Executive

Heads of Government

Cabinets

Executive Accountability

Public Service Management

Central Agencies

Concluding Thoughts

For More Information

Deeper Inside Canadian Politics

Professor Profile: Donald Savoie

UP FOR DEBATE: Do Canadian prime ministers have too much power?

Discussion Questions

Where to Learn More about Executive Power in Canadian Politics

Chapter 6: The Legislature

Inside this Chapter

Inside the Legislature

The Structure of Legislatures

The House of Commons and the Senate

Number of Seats in the Parliament of Canada

The Partisan Composition of Elected Assemblies

Majority Governments

Minority Governments and Coalitions

Legislative Institutions

Legislator Remuneration

The Life of the Legislature

Daily Business

Legislative Committees

The Legislative Process

Territorial Legislatures

Concluding Thoughts

For More Information

Deeper Inside Canadian Politics

Professor Profile: Jonathan Malloy

UP FOR DEBATE: Is strict party discipline necessary in Canadian legislatures?

Discussion Questions

Where to Learn More about Legislative Party Discipline in Canada

Chapter 7: The Justice System

Inside this Chapter

Inside the Justice System

Principles of Canadian Justice

The Foundations of Canadian Law

Functions and Roles in the Justice System

Ministers of Justice and Public Safety

The Judiciary

Guardianship

Adjudication

Guidance

Peace Officers

Crown Attorneys

The Structure of the Justice System

The Courts

Judicial Appointment Process

Law Enforcement

The Correctional System

Concluding Thoughts

For More Information

Deeper Inside Canadian Politics

Professor Profile: Emmett Macfarlane

UP FOR DEBATE: Do mandatory minimum prison sentences go too far?

Discuss Questions

Where to Learn More about Mandatory Minimum Sentences

Chapter 8: Public Policy and The Bureaucracy

Inside this Chapter

Inside Public Policy and The Bureaucracy

Government and Public Policy

Connecting the Public to Policymaking

The Public Policy Cycle

The Machinery of Government

Central Agencies

Line Departments

Agencies, Boards, and Commissions

Financial Administration

Deficits and Debt

Funding the Public Service

Government Revenues

Government Spending

Toward Good Government

Patronage and the Merit Principle

Ethics and Scandal

Concluding Thoughts

For More Information

Deeper Inside Canadian Politics

Professor Profile: Jennifer Robson

UP FOR DEBATE: Should all government jobs be merit-based?

Discussion Questions

Where to Learn More about Patronage in Canadian Politics

PART II: Politics and Democracy

Chapter 9: Political Parties

Inside this Chapter

Inside Political Parties

Political Parties in Canada

The Nature and Role of Political Parties

Types of Political Parties

Major and Minor Parties

Party Ideologies

Canadian Political Parties

Canada's Federal Party Systems

Canada's Provincial Party Systems

The Evolution of Major Parties

The Evolution of Minor Parties

Structure of Political Parties

The Extra-parliamentary Wing

Party Leaders

Selecting Canadian Party Leaders

The Parliamentary Wing

Partisans

Concluding Thoughts

For More Information

Deeper Inside Canadian Politics

Professor Profile: Anna Esselment

UP FOR DEBATE: Should party leaders take bold steps to increase the presence of women and other Canadians underrepresented in legislatures?

Discussion Questions

Where to Learn More about Canadian Political Parties' Recruitment of Traditionally Underrepresented Groups

Chapter 10: Elections and Voting

Inside this Chapter

Inside Elections and Voting

Democracy in Canada

The Franchise

Election Laws

Election Administration

Electoral System

Apportionment

Campaign Finance

Party Revenues

Party Spending Limits

Disclosure

Campaigning

National Campaigns

Local Campaigns and Candidates

By-elections

Vote Choice in Canadian Elections

Direct Democracy in Canada

Concluding Thoughts

For More Information

Deeper Inside Canadian Politics

Professor Profile: Mebs Kanji

UP FOR DEBATE: Are election and referendum campaigns mostly a waste of time?

Discussion Questions

Where to Learn More about Election Campaigns in Canada

Chapter 11: Media and Communication

Inside this Chapter

Inside Political Communication

The Politics of Communication

Media Economics

The News Media Landscape in Canada

Evolution of Canadian Media

Canadian Content

Canadian Political Journalism

Digital Democracy and Transparency

Political Communication Tactics

Public Opinion Research, Political Marketing and Message Discipline

Concluding Thoughts

For More Information

Deeper Inside Canadian Politics

Professor Profile: Tamara A. Small

UP FOR DEBATE: Does social media make Canadian democracy better or worse?

Discussion Questions

Where to Learn More about Social Media and Canadian Politics

Chapter 12: Interest Groups and Social Movements

Inside this Chapter

Inside Interest Groups and Social Movements

Pluralism and the Balance of Power

Interest Groups

Interest Group Tactics

Keys to Interest Group Success

Types of Interest Groups

Think Tanks

Social Movements

Hacktivism and Fake News

Concluding Thoughts

For More Information

Deeper Inside Canadian Politics

Professor Profile: Mireille Lalancette

UP FOR DEBATE: Should spending by interest groups be regulated in Canada?

Discussion Questions

Where to Learn More about Interest Groups in Canada

Chapter 13: Diversity and Representation

Inside this Chapter

Inside Diversity and Representation

Glass Ceilings

Models of Representation

The Canadian Mosaic

Canada's Democratic Deficit

Barriers to Descriptive Representation

Affirmative Action and Employment Equity

Reasonable Accommodation

Diversity and the Courts

International Commitments to Human Rights

Indigenous Representation in Canada

Definitions and Designations

Demographics and Representation

Concluding Thoughts

For More Information

Deeper Inside Canadian Politics

Professor Profile: Cheryl Collier

UP FOR DEBATE: Should Indigenous and non-Indigenous politics be considered as part of a common political system?

Discussion Questions

Where to Learn More about the Traditional Divide between Indigenous and Non-Indigenous Politics

Chapter 14: Canada in the World

Inside this Chapter

Inside Canada in the World

Staples Theory and Industrialization

The Global Economy

National Security and Defence

Conscription, Peacekeeping and Terrorism

Terrorism

Global Affairs and International Development

Global Affairs

The Commonwealth and the Francophonie

International Development

Concluding Thoughts

For More Information

Deeper Inside Canadian Politics

Professor Profile: Miriam Anderson

UP FOR DEBATE: Should Canada give more money for foreign aid?

Discussion Questions

Where to Learn More about Canada and Foreign Aid

Appendix: First Ministers of Canada

Notes

Glossary

Index

About the author: 

Alex Marland is a professor in the Department of Political Science at Memorial University of Newfoundland. He regularly interviews Canadian politicians, political staff, and other members of the public sector to discuss how Canadian politics and government really work. His book rand Command: Canadian Politics and Democracy in the Age of Message Control (UBC Press, 2016) won the Donner Prize for best public policy book by a Canadian and an Atlantic book award for scholarly writing.; Jared J. Wesley is an associate professor in the Department of Political Science at the University of Alberta. He is a practicing political scientist whose career path has taken him from government boardrooms to university classrooms. He has served in various senior management roles in the Government of Alberta. He teaches and publishes in the areas of provincial politics, federalism, and research methods. He is the author of Code Politics: Campaigns and Cultures on the Canadian Prairies (UBC Press, 2011).

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