Human Rights and 21st Century Challenges: Poverty, Conflict, and the Environment

ISBN : 9780198824770

Dapo Akande; Jaakko Kuosmanen; Helen McDermott; Dominic Roser
384 Pages
156 x 156 mm
Pub date
Jan 2020
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The world is faced with significant and interrelated challenges in the 21st century which threaten human rights in a number of ways. This book examines three of the largest issues of the century - armed conflict, environment, and poverty - and examines how these may be addressed using a human rights framework. It considers how these challenges threaten human rights and reassesses our understanding of human rights in the light of these issues. This multidisciplinary text considers both foundational and applied questions such as the relationship between morality and the laws of war, as well as the application of the International Human Rights Framework in cyber space. Alongside analyses from some of the most prominent lawyers, philosophers, and political theorists in the debate, each section includes contributions by those who have served as Special Rapporteurs within the United Nations Human Rights System on the challenges facing international human rights laws today.


I. Foundations
1 Hurst Hannum: Reinvigorating Human Rights for the Twenty-First Century
2 Hilary Greaves: Global Consequentialism and the Morality and Laws of War
3 David Rodin: Two Visions of Human Rights: Relational and Beneficiary-Focused Theories
II: Conflict and Security
4 Harold Hongju Koh: State of Play and Road Ahead: Humanizing Security
5 Fiona de Londras: 'Sustainable Security': A Proposal
6 Liora Lazarus: Insecurity and Human Rights
7 Christof Heyns, Dapo Akande, Lawrence Hill-Cawthorne, and Thompson Chengeta: The Right to Life and the International Law Framework Regulating the Use of Armed Drones
8 Helen McDermott: Application of the International Human Rights Law Framework in Cyber Space
III: Poverty
9 Margot E Salomon: State of Play and Road Ahead: A World of Poverty and Human Rights
10 Sandra Fredman: Poverty and Human Rights: A Peril and a Promise
11 Jaakko Kuosmanen: Uphill Battle: Deliberating Towards Human Rights Compatible Public Budgets
12 Magdalena Sepulveda Carmona and Kate Donald: The Promise & Pitfalls of the Sustainable Development Goals: Has the Time Come for a Rights-Based Approach to Poverty Reduction?
IV. Environment
13 Kerri Woods: State of Play and Road Ahead: Environment and Human Rights
14 Dominic Roser: Don't Look Too Far: Rights as a Rationale for the Precautionary Principle
15 John Knox: The Paris Agreement as a Human Rights Treaty
16 Simon Caney: Human Rights, Population, and Climate Change

About the author: 

Dapo Akande is Professor of Public International Law and Co-Director of the Oxford Institue for Ethics, Law and Armed Conflict at the University of Oxford. From 2012 to 2017 he was Co-Director of the Oxford Martin Programme on Human Rights for Future Generations. He has held visiting professorships at Yale Law, the University of Miami School of Law and the Catolica Global Law School, Lisbon. He was the 2015 Sir Ninian Stephen Visiting Scholar at the University of Melbourne Law School's Asia-Pacific Centre for Military Law. He has acted as consultant, expert, or adviser on international law issues to United Nations bodies, the African Union Commission, the Commonwealth Secretariat, and the Association of South East Asian Nations (ASEAN). ; Jaakko Kuosmanen is a Senior Analyst at the Demos Helsinki think tank. Before joining Demos, he was the Coordinator of the Oxford Martin Programme on Human Rights for Future Generations at the University of Oxford. Kuosmanen has also worked for the Commissioner for Human Rights at the Council of Europe and for the Blavatnik School of Government. He also works as a policy consultant providing advice for governments and international organisations around the world. Kuosmanen is a member of the Foresight Team at the Prime Minister's Office in Finland. ; Helen McDermott is an Associate with the Oxford Institute for Ethics, Law & Armed Conflict, University of Oxford. From 2015-2016, she was a Research Associate with the Individualisation of War Programme, European University Institute, Florence. In 2015- 2016, She was a Post-Doctoral Research Fellow in law and armed conflict with the Oxford Martin School Programme on Human Rights for Future Generations at the University of Oxford. She has been a visiting scholar at the Blavatnik School of Government, University of Oxford, and at the Center for Human Rights & Global Justice, NYU. She has lectured and published on various international law subjects. ; Dominic Roser's research in political theory focuses on global justice, intergenerational justice, human rights, risk, non-ideal theory, and the normative underpinnings of economics. He is particularly interested in applying his work to the challenge of climate change. With a background in economics and philosophy, he was a post-doctoral research fellow in the Programme on Human Rights for Future Generations at the University of Oxford before taking up a position as a senior lecturer and researcher at the University of Fribourg.

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