ISBN : 9780190051686
It is often said that we live under systems of injustice. But if so, who ought to combat them, and why? Many in the world's liberal elite hold that only the perpetrators or the victims have such duties, because of their special connections to the injustice. Others hold that all of the privileged have them, because they have duties to relieve suffering or to redress their complicity in the injustice. This book challenges those answers. It argues that everyone living under such injustices ought to combat them: victim, perpetrator, and bystander alike. Moreover, they all have the same reason for doing so: such injustices suppress everyone's resistance to their workings. But there is a name for such suppression: "authoritarianism." Hence such injustices make everyone unfree, because they subject everyone to authoritarian tactics. The book thus reinterprets and defends a core doctrine of the global left, "No one is free while others are oppressed!" For it shows how oppression subjects everyone-including you-to arbitrary power. The book argues that systematic injustice occurs when one group finds that its political voice is unjustly marginalized, its members exploited and subject to systematic violence, and that society's dominant norms unjustly favor a privileged group. It diagnoses three global injustices of this kind: gender, race, and poverty. It then shows how such injustices always suppress everyone's resistance to them, making everyone unfree. But if so, it argues, then this shared unfreedom should be the ground on which victims, bystanders, and perpetrators unite in solidarity against injustice.
1. THE DIAGNOSTICS OF INJUSTICE.
2. AGAINST THE RECEIVED VIEW.
3. THE RECEIVED VIEW AND ITS RIVALS.
4. SYSTEMATIC INJUSTICE AND THE SCALE OF WRONGDOING.
5. HOW INJUSTICES HARM YOU.
6. THE DECLINE OF NATIONAL PATRIARCHY AND THE RISE OF GLOBAL MALE SUPREMACY.
7. THE GLOBAL RACIAL ORDER: PARTITIONED WHITE PRIMACY.
8. THE HARM OF GLOBAL POVERTY: ENTANGLEMENT IN A WEB OF CRISES.
9. SOLIDARITY, UNIVERSAL UNFREEDOM, AND YOU.