OXFORD UNIVERSITY PRESS

Courts in Conflict: Interpreting the Layers of Justice in Post-Genocide Rwanda

ISBN : 9780190941895

Price(incl.tax): 
¥6,149
Author: 
Nicola Palmer
Pages
240 Pages
Format
Paperback
Size
156 x 234 mm
Pub date
Jul 2019
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The rise of international criminal trials has been accompanied by a call for domestic responses to extraordinary violence. Yet there is remarkably limited research on the interactions among local, national, and international transitional justice institutions. Rwanda offers an early example of multi-level courts operating in concert, through the concurrent practice of the United Nations International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda (ICTR), the national Rwandan courts, and the gacaca community courts.
Courts in Conflict makes a crucial and timely contribution to the examination of these pluralist responses to atrocity at a juncture when holistic approaches are rapidly becoming the policy norm. Although Rwanda's post-genocide criminal courts are compatible in law, an interpretive cultural analysis shows how and why they have often conflicted in practice. The author's research is derived from 182 interviews with judges, lawyers, and a group of witnesses and suspects within all three of the post-genocide courts. This rich empirical material shows that the judges and lawyers inside each of the courts offer notably different interpretations of Rwanda's transitional justice processes, illuminating divergent legal cultures that help explain the constraints on the courts' effective cooperation and evidence gathering. The potential for similar competition between domestic and international justice processes is apparent in the current practice of the International Criminal Court (ICC). However, this competition can be mitigated through increased communication among the different sites of justice, fostering legal cultures of complementarity that can more effectively respond to the needs of affected populations.

Index: 

ACKNOWLEDGMENTS
MAP OF RWANDA
INTRODUCTION
ABBREVIATIONS
CHAPTER 1 - The Rwandan Social Context
CHAPTER 2 - Inside the United Nations International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda
CHAPTER 3 - Inside the Rwandan National Courts
CHAPTER 4 - Inside the Gacaca Courts
CHAPTER 5 - Legitimating Transitional Justice in Rwanda
CHAPTER 6 - Conclusion
APPENDIX
GLOSSARY
BIBLIOGRAPHY
TABLE OF CASES
TABLE OF STATUTES
INDEX

About the author: 

Nicola Palmer is a lecturer in criminal law at the Dickson Poon School of Law, King's College London, and a research associate at the Centre for Criminology, University of Oxford. In addition, she serves as an advisory board member of Oxford Transitional Justice Research. Dr. Palmer received her D.Phil in law from the University of Oxford in 2011, where she studied as a Rhodes scholar. Prior to starting her doctoral studies, she worked as a legal assistant at the United Nations International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda (ICTR), having completed her undergraduate and honours degrees in law and economics at Rhodes University, South Africa. Her broad research interests are in international criminal law, transitional justice, central African studies, and legal anthropology.

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