The Evil Within: Why We Need Moral Philosophy

ISBN : 9780190074135

Diane Jeske
298 Pages
140 x 210 mm
Pub date
Oct 2019
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Thomas Jefferson and Edward Coles were men of similar backgrounds, yet they diverged on the central moral wrong of this country's history: the former remained a self-justified slave-holder, while the latter emancipated his slaves.

What led these men of the same era to choose such different paths? They represent one of numerous examples in this work wherein examining the ways in which people who perform wrong and even evil actions attempt to justify those actions both to others and to themselves illuminates the mistakes that we ourselves make in moral reasoning. How do we justify moral wrongdoing to ourselves? Do we even notice when we are doing so?

The Evil Within demonstrates that the study of moral philosophy can help us to identify and correct for such mistakes. In applying the tools of moral philosophy to case studies of Nazi death camp commandants, American slave-holders, and a psychopathic serial killer, Diane Jeske shows how we can become wiser moral deliberators. A series of case studies serve as extended real-life thought experiments of moral deliberation gone awry, and show us how four impediments to effective moral deliberation-cultural norms and pressures, the complexity of the consequences of our actions, emotions, and self-deception-can be identified and overcome by the study and application of moral philosophy. Jeske unsparingly examines the uncomfortable parellels between the moral deliberations of those who are transparently evil (e.g. psychopaths, Nazis), and our own moral justifications.
The Evil Within ultimately argues for incorporating moral philosophy into moral education, so that its tools can become common currency in moral deliberation, discussion, and debate.


Chapter One: Learning From Evil
Chapter Two: Just the Bad and the Ugly
Chapter Three: The Role of Culture in Moral Assessment
Chapter Four: Do the Ends Justify the Means?
Chapter Five: The Feeling of Morality
Chapter Six: Moral Evasion
Conclusions: The Moral of the Story of Mr. Jefferson

About the author: 

Diane Jeske is a Professor of Philosophy at the University of Iowa, where she has taught since 1992. She received her PhD at MIT. Her publications have focused on issues concerning the nature of friendship and our obligations to friends and other intimates. She is the author of Rationality and Moral Theory: How Intimacy Generates Reasons (Routledge, 2008).

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