Religious Interactions in Modern India

ISBN : 9780198081685

Martin Fuchs; Vasudha Dalmia
472 Pages
178 x 254 mm
Pub date
May 2019
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Religions in South Asia have tended to be studied in blocks, whether in the various monolithic traditions in which they are now regarded, thus Hindu, Muslim, Buddhist, Sikh, Jain, Christian, or indeed in temporal blocks: ancient, medieval, modern. This volume seeks to look at relationships both within and between religions. It explores the diversity and the multiplicity within each tradition, the historical links between the various traditions which have crisscrossed the monoliths, but also the specific forms of their co-existence with each other, whether in accord or in antagonism. It views the interaction between 'reformed' and non-reformed branches within each of the modern monoliths, as for instance the Arya Samaj and the Sanatani positions within Hinduism. Its second major concern is to look for grounds shared in the process of modernizing. Though there has been much research to date on religious reform movements, there has been less concern with investigating and analyzing developments across the religious boundaries that so sharply divide Hinduism, Sikhism, Buddhism and Islam from each other today, and all of these from Christianity. And finally, it also looks at the changing social and political frames of reference shared by both religious and secularist strands of thought. The 'religions' targeted include Hindu discourses (Brahmo, Arya, Sanatana, and various traditional formations, the Aryan/Dravidian divide), Buddhist, Jain, Sikh and Islamic traditions, and Indian Christianity.


1. Between Complicit Entanglement and Creative Dissonance: William Wilberforce, Rammohun Roy, and Public Sphere Debates in the Early Nineteenth Century Nexus between India and Britain
Gita Dharampal-Frick & Milinda Banerjee
2. On the Cusp of Colonial Modernity: Administration, Women, and Islam in Princely Bhopal
Barbara Metcalf
3. The Evasive Guru and the Errant Wife: Anti-Hagiography, Saivism and Anxiety in Colonial South India
Srilata Raman
4. Jain Identity and the Public Sphere in Nineteenth-Century India
John E. Cort
5. Whither Pluralities and Differences? 'Arya Dharma' and Hinduism at the Turn of the Twentieth Century
Vasudha Dalmia
6. Configuring Community in Colonial and Pre-colonial Imaginaries: Insights from the Khalsa Darbar Records
Anne Murphy
7. Educating the Monkhood: Dadupanthi Reforms in the twentieth Century
Monika Horstmann
8. Secularizing Renunciation? Svami Shraddhananda's Welcome Address at the Congress Session of Amritsar in 1919
Catherine Clementin-Ojha
9. The Logics of Multiple Belonging: Gandhi, His Precursors, and Contemporaries
Kumkum Sangari
10. The Crucible of Peace: Pluralism and Community in Muslim Punjab
Anna Bigelow
11. Voting, Religion, and the People's Sovereignty in Late Colonial India
David Gilmartin
12. Dalit Liberative Identity as Amalgam: Kerala's Pulaya Christians and Communist Movement in the mid Twentieth Century
George Oommen
13. Dhamma and the Common Good: Religion as Problem and Answer - Ambedkar's Critical Theory of Social Relationality
Martin Fuchs

About the author: 

Martin Fuchs holds the Professorship for Indian Religious History at the Max-Weber-Kolleg (Max Weber Centre for Advanced Cultural and Social Studies), University of Erfurt (Germany), and is member of the M.S. Merian - R. Tagore International Centre of Advanced Studies in the Humanities and Social Sciences 'Metamorphoses of the Political' (ICAS:MP) in Delhi (India). Trained in Anthropology and Sociology he previously taught at the Universities of Zuerich (Switzerland), Heidelberg and Paderbor (Germany), Free University Berlin, Central European University, Budapest (Hungary), and University of Canterbury in Christchurch (New Zealand). His research interests include cultural and social theory, urban anthropology, social movements, Dalit studies and religious individualization; his regional focus is on India Vasudha Dalmia is Professor Emerita, Department of South and Southeast Asian Studies, University of California, Berkeley, USA.

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