ISBN : 9780190937836
This book explores the reception history of the most important Jewish Bible commentary ever composed, the Commentary on the Torah of Rashi (Shlomo Yitzhaki; 1040-1105). Though the Commentary has benefited from enormous scholarly attention, analysis of diverse reactions to it has been surprisingly scant. Viewing its path to preeminence through a diverse array of religious, intellectual, literary, and sociocultural lenses, Eric Lawee focuses on processes of the Commentary's canonization and on a hitherto unexamined-and wholly unexpected-feature of its reception: critical, and at times astonishingly harsh, resistance to it. Lawee shows how and why, despite such resistance, Rashi's interpretation of the Torah became an exegetical classic, a staple in the curriculum, a source of shared religious vocabulary for Jews across time and place, and a foundational text that shaped the Jewish nation's collective identity.
The book takes as its larger integrating perspective processes of canonicity as they shape how traditions flourish, disintegrate, or evolve. Rashi's scriptural magnum opus, the foremost work of Franco-German (Ashkenazic) biblical scholarship, faced stiff competition for canonical supremacy in the form of rationalist reconfigurations of Judaism as they developed in Mediterranean seats of learning. It nevertheless emerged triumphant in an intense battle for Judaism's future that unfolded in late medieval and early modern times. Investigation of the reception of the Commentary throws light on issues in Jewish scholarship and spirituality that continue to stir reflection, and even passionate debate, in the Jewish world today.
Notes on Translations and Editions
Introduction: Rashi's Commentary on the Torah: Canonical and Classic
Part 1. Toward Canonicity
Chapter 1. Conundrums of the Commentary: Contours of a Classic
Chapter 2. Rashi's Commentary: Receptions, 1105-1527
Chapter 3. Interpreting the Interpreter: Supercommentarial Receptions in Ashkenaz and Sefarad
Part 2. Resisting Readers
Chapter 4. Ridiculousness and Risibility: Rationalist Criticism in an Eastern
Chapter 5. Rationalism Versus the Rashi/Rabbinic Axis: Pseudo-Rabad's Book of Strictures
Chapter 6. Aaron Aboulrabi and The Straight One: Between Girls' Fantasies and Sweet
Part 3 Commentary Triumphant
Chapter 7. Competing Canons: Rashi's Commentary in a Late Medieval Battle for Judaism's
Afterword: Rashi's Commentary on the Torah in Modern Times