Carnivorous Plants: Physiology, ecology, and evolution

ISBN : 9780198833727

Aaron M. Ellison; Lubomir Adamec
552 Pages
192 x 248 mm
Pub date
Feb 2019
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Carnivorous plants have fascinated botanists, evolutionary biologists, ecologists, physiologists, developmental biologists, anatomists, horticulturalists, and the general public for centuries. Charles Darwin was the first scientist to demonstrate experimentally that some plants could actually attract, kill, digest, and absorb nutrients from insect prey; his book Insectivorous Plants (1875) remains a widely-cited classic. Since then, many movies and plays, short stories, novels, coffee-table picture books, and popular books on the cultivation of carnivorous plants have been produced. However, all of these widely read products depend on accurate scientific information, and most of them have repeated and recycled data from just three comprehensive, but now long out of date, scientific monographs. The field has evolved and changed dramatically in the nearly 30 years since the last of these books was published, and thousands of scientific papers on carnivorous plants have appeared in the academic journal literature. In response, Ellison and Adamec have assembled the world's leading experts to provide a truly modern synthesis. They examine every aspect of physiology, biochemistry, genomics, ecology, and evolution of these remarkable plants, culminating in a description of the serious threats they now face from over-collection, poaching, habitat loss, and climatic change which directly threaten their habitats and continued persistence in them.


Part I: Overview
1 Aaron M. Ellison and Lubomir Adamec: Introduction
2 J. Stephen Brewer and Jan Schlauer: Biogeography and habitats of carnivorous plants
3 Andreas Fleischmann, Jan Schlauer, Stephen A. Smith, and Thomas J. Givnish: Evolution of carnivory in angiosperms
Part II: Systematics and evolution of carnivorous plants
4 Andreas Fleischmann, Adam T. Cross, Robert Gibson, Paulo M. Gonella, and Kingsley W. Dixon: Systematics and evolution of Droseraceae
5 Charles Clarke, Jan Schlauer, Jonathan Moran, and Alastair Robinson: Systematics and evolution of Nepenthes
6 Andreas Fleischmann and Aymeric Roccia: Systematics and evolution of Lentibulariaceae: I. Pinguicula
7 Andreas Fleischmann: Systematics and evolution of Lentibulariaceae: II. Genlisea
8 Richard W. Jobson, Paulo C. Baleeiro, and Castor Guisande: Systematics and evolution of Lentibulariaceae: III. Utricularia
9 Robert F.C. Naczi: Systematics and evolution of Sarraceniaceae
10 Adam T. Cross, Maria Paniw, Andre Vito Scatigna, Nick Kalfas, Bruce Anderson, Thomas J. Givnish, and Andreas Fleischmann: Systematics and evolution of small genera of carnivorous plants
11 Tanya Renner, Tianying Lan, Kimberly M. Farr, Enrique Ibarra-Laclette, Luis Herrera- Esrella, Stephan C. Schuster, Mitsuyasu Hasebe, Kenji Fukushima, and Victor A. Albert: Carnivorous plant genomes
Part III: Physiology, form, and function
12 John D. Horner, Bartosz J. Plachno, Ulrike Bauer, and Bruno Di Giusto: Attraction of prey
13 Bartosz J. Plachno and Lyudmila E. Muravnik: Functional anatomy of carnivorous traps
14 Simon Poppinga, Ulrike Bauer, Thomas Speck, and Alexander G. Volkov: Motile traps
15 Ulrike Bauer, Reinhard Jetter, and Simon Poppinga: Non-motile traps
16 Ildiko Matusikova, Andrej Pavlovic, and Tanya Renner: Biochemistry of prey digestion and nutrient absorption
17 Lubomir Adamec and Andrej Pavlovic: Mineral nutrition of terrestrial carnivorous plants
18 Thomas J. Givnish, K. William Sparks, Steven J. Hunter, and Andrej Pavlovic: Why are plants carnivorous? Cost/benefit analysis, whole-plant growth, and the context- specific advantages of botanical carnivory
19 Lubomir Adamec: Ecophysiology of aquatic carnivorous plants
20 Laurent Legendre and Douglas W. Darnowski: Biotechnology with carnivorous plants
Part IV: Ecology
21 Douglas W. Darnowski, Ulrike Bauer, Marcos Mendez, John D. Horner, and Bartosz J. Plachno: Prey selection and specialization by carnivorous plants
22 Adam T. Cross, Arthur R. Davis, Andreas Fleischmann, John D. Horner, Andreas Jurgens, David J. Merritt, Gillian L. Murza, and Shane R. Turner: Reproductive biology and prey-pollinator conflicts
23 Leonora S. Bittleston: Commensals of Nepenthes pitchers
24 Thomas E. Miller, William E. Bradshaw, and Christina M. Holzapfel: Pitcher-plant communities as model systems for addressing fundamental questions in ecology and evolution
25 Dagmara Sirova, Jiri Barta, Jakub Borovec, and Jaroslav Vrba: The Utricularia-associated microbiome: composition, function, and ecology
26 Jonathan A. Moran, Bruce Anderson, Lijin Chin, Melinda Greenwood, and Charles Clarke: Nutritional mutualisms of Nepenthes and Roridula
Part V: The future of carnivorous plants
27 Charles Clarke, Adam Ross, and Barry Rice: Conservation of carnivorous plants
28 Matthew C. Fitzpatrick and Aaron M. Ellison: Estimating the exposure of carnivorous plants to rapid climatic change
29 Aaron M. Ellison and Lubomir Adamec: The future of research with carnivorous plants

About the author: 

Aaron M. Ellison is the Senior Research Fellow in Ecology at Harvard University, and a semi-professional photographer and writer. He studies the disintegration and reassembly of ecosystems following natural and anthropogenic disturbances; thinks about the relationship between the Dao and the intermediate disturbance hypothesis and reflects on the critical and reactionary stance of Ecology relative to Modernism. ; Lubomir Adamec is the Senior Research Scientist in the Section of Plant Ecology of the Institute of Botany CAS at Trebon, Czech Republic, where he has been working since 1986. Since graduating in plant physiology from the Charles University in Prague, Czechoslovakia, he has been studying the ecophysiology of aquatic and wetland plants, especially carnivorous ones: mineral nutrition, photosynthesis, growth traits, Utricularia trap ecophysiology, and biophysics. He is the curator of the world's largest collection of aquatic carnivorous plants, currently including more than 80 species or populations, which is used extensively for research and plant conservation.

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