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The Oxford Handbook of Descartes and Cartesianism

ISBN : 9780198796909

Steven Nadler; Tad M. Schmaltz; Delphine Antoine-Mahut
848 Pages
171 x 246 mm
Pub date
Apr 2019
Oxford Handbooks
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The Oxford Handbook of Descartes and Cartesianism comprises fifty specially written chapters on Rene Descartes (1596-1650) and Cartesianism, the dominant paradigm for philosophy and science in the seventeenth century, written by an international group of leading scholars of early modern philosophy. The first part focuses on the various aspects of Descartes's biography (including his background, intellectual contexts, writings, and correspondence) and philosophy, with chapters on his epistemology, method, metaphysics, physics, mathematics, moral philosophy, political thought, medical thought, and aesthetics. The chapters of the second part are devoted to the defense, development and modification of Descartes's ideas by later generations of Cartesian philosophers in France, the Netherlands, Italy, and elsewhere. The third and final part considers the opposition to Cartesian philosophy by other philosophers, as well as by civil, ecclesiastic, and academic authorities. This handbook provides an extensive overview of Cartesianism - its doctrines, its legacies and its fortunes - in the period based on the latest research.


Part I: Descartes
1 Han van Ruler: Philosopher Defying the Philosophers: Descartes's Life and Works
2 Roger Ariew: What Descartes Read: His Intellectual Background
3 Theo Verbeek and Erik-Jan Bos: Descartes's Correspondence and Correspondents
4 Lex Newman: Descartes on the Method of Analysis
5 Lawrence Nolan: Descartes's Metaphysics
6 Gary Hatfield: Mind and Psychology in Descartes
7 Helen Hattab: Descartes's Mechanical But Not Mechanistic Physics
8 Sebastien Maronne: Descartes's Mathematics
9 Gideon Manning: Descartes and Medicine
10 C. P. Ragland: Descartes on Freedom
11 Denis Kambouchner: Descartes and the Passions
12 Igor Agostini: Descartes's Philosophical Theology
13 Laurence Renault: Descartes's Moral Philosophy
14 Delphine Antoine-Mahut: Descartes, Politics and 'True Human Beings
15 Frederic de Buzon: The Compendium Musicae and Descartes's Aesthetics
Part II: The Cartesians
16 Claudio Buccolini: Mersenne: Questioning Descartes
17 Lisa Shapiro: Princess Elisabeth of Bohemia as a Cartesian
18 Tad M. Schmaltz: Claude Clerselier and the Development of Cartesianism
19 Philippe Drieux: Louis La Forge on Mind, Causality and Union
20 Fred Ablondi: He has created a schism in philosophy': The Cartesianism of Geraud de Cordemoy
21 Denis Moreau: Antoine Arnauld: Cartesian Philosopher?
22 Jean-Christophe Bardout: The Ambiguities of Malebranche's Cartesianism
23 Antonella del Prete: The Prince of Cartesian Philosophers: Pierre-Sylvain Regis
24 Mihnea Dobre: Jacques Rohault and Cartesian Experimentalism
25 Tad M. Schmaltz: Robert Desgabets and the Supplement to Descartes's Philosophy
26 Wiep van Bunge: The Early Dutch Reception of Cartesianism
27 Tad M. Schmaltz: The Curious Case of Henricus Regius
28 Andrea Sangiacomo: Geulincx and the Quod Nescis Principle: A Conservative Revolution
29 Alice Ragni: Johannes Clauberg and the Search for the Initium Philosophiae: The Recovery of (Cartesian) Metaphysics
30 Mitia Rioux-Beaulne: What is Cartesianisma Fontenelle and the Subsequent Construction of Cartesian Philosophy?
31 Sarah Hutton: Cartesianism in Britain
32 Giulia Belgioioso: Italy Did Not Want to Be Cartesian': And For Good Reason
33 Dan Arbib: 33. The Creation of Eternal Truths: Issues and Context
34 Jean-Robert Armogathe: Cartesianism and Eucharistic Physics
35 Marie-Frederique Pellegrin: Cartesianism and Feminism
Part III: The Critics
36 Helene Bouchilloux: Pascal and Port-Royal
37 Antonia Lolordo: Gassendi as Critic of Descartes
38 Douglas Jesseph: Optics, First Philosophy and Natural Philosophy in Hobbes and Descartes
39 Jasper Reid: Henry More, Supporter and Opponent of Cartesianism
40 Hadley Cooney: Margaret Cavendish vs. Descartes on Mechanism and Animal Souls
41 Steven Nadler: Spinoza, Descartes and the 'Stupid Cartesians'
42 Michael W. Hickson: Simon Foucher and Anti-Cartesian Skepticism
43 Philippe Hamou: Locke on Cartesian Bodies and Cartesian Souls
44 Christia Mercer: Anne Conway's Response to Cartesianism
45 Jean-Pascal Anfray: Leibniz and Descartes
46 Todd Ryan: A Cartesien Manque: Pierre Bayle and Cartesianism
47 Sophie Roux: The Condemnations of Cartesian Natural Philosophy Under Louis XIV (1661-1691)
48 Thomas M. Lennon: Pierre-Daniel Huet, Skeptic Critic of Cartesianism and Defender of Religion
49 Justin Smith: Gabriel Daniel: Descartes Through the Mirror of Fiction
50 Andrew Janiak: Physics and Metaphysics in Descartes and Newton

About the author: 

Steven Nadler is the William H. Hay II Professor of Philosophy, Evjue-Bascom Professor in Humanities, and Weinstein-Bascom Professor of Jewish Studies at the University of Wisconsin-Madison, where he has been teaching since 1988. He has been the editor of the Journal of the History of Philosophy, and President of the Central Division of the American Philosophical Association. Nadler previous publications include A Book Forged in Hell: Spinoza's Scandalous Treatise and the Birth of the Secular Age (Princeton, 2011), The Philosopher, the Priest and the Painter: A Portrait of Descartes (Princeton, 2013), Spinoza: A Life (Cambridge, 1999/2018, winner of the Koret Jewish Book Award), Rembrandt's Jews (Chicago, 2003, finalist for the Pulitzer Prize), Menasseh ben Israel: Rabbi of Amsterdam (Yale, 2018), and the graphic book Heretics! The Wondrous (and Dangerous) Beginnings of Modern Philosophy (Princeton, 2017) with his son Ben Nadler.; Tad Schmaltz is Professor of Philosophy and James B. and Grace J. Nelson Fellow at the University of Michigan, Ann Arbor. His areas of specialization are the history of early modern philosophy, the history and philosophy of early modern science, and the relations among philosophy, science and theology in the early modern period. He has as special interests the variety of early modern Cartesianisms; the influence of late scholasticism on early modern thought; the nature of the Scientific Revolution; and early modern versions of substance-mode metaphysics, theories of mereology, and views of causation and freedom.; Delphine Antoine-Mahut is Professor of Philosophy at the ENS Lyon, France. Her research focuses on early modern philosophy, especially on the relations between metaphysics and physiology; on the historiography of early modern philosophy, in order to highlight the genesis of our current representations of modernity ; and on the various receptions of cartesianism, particularly on the crossed genesis of an official spiritualist model and an unofficial empiricist one.

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