ISBN : 9780198829621
Around the world, we see a 'participatory turn' in the pursuit of gender equality, exemplified by the adoption of gender quotas in national legislatures to promote women's role as decision-makers. We also see a 'pluralism turn', with increasing legal recognition given to the customary law or religious law of minority groups and indigenous peoples. To date, the former trend has primarily benefitted majority women, and the latter has primarily benefitted minority men. Neither has effectively ensured the participation of minority women. In response, multicultural feminists have proposed institutional innovations to strengthen the voice of minority women, both at the state level and in decisions about the interpretation and evolution of cultural and religious practices.
This volume explores the connection between gender parity and multicultural feminism, both at the level of theory and in practice. The authors explore a range of cases from Europe, Latin America, the Middle East, and Africa, in relation to state law, customary law, religious law, and indigenous law. While many obstacles remain, and many women continue to suffer from the paradox of multicultural vulnerability, these innovations in theory and practice offer new prospects for reconciling gender equality and pluralism.
1 Will Kymlicka and Ruth Rubio-Marin: The Participatory Turn in Gender Equality and its Relevance for Multicultural Feminism
2 Anne Phillips: Democratizing Against the Grain
3 Ruth Rubio-Marin: Women's Participation in the Public Domain Under Human Rights Law: Towards a Participatory Equality Paradigm Shift?
4 Melanie Hughes: The Combination of Gender and Ethnic Quotas in Electoral Politics
5 Meital Pinto: Gender Parity in the Religious and Political Sphere of Israel
6 Susan H. Williams: Legal Pluralism, Gender Equality, and Parity of Participation: Constitutional Issues Concerning Customary Law in Liberia
7 Johanna Bond: The Challenges of Parity: Increasing Women's Participation in Informal Justice Systems within Sub-Saharan Africa
8 Dorothy Estrada-Tanck: Parity Democracy, Legal Pluralism and Human Rights of Indigenous Women: An Outlook from Mexico
9 Rachel Sieder and Anna Barrera Vivero: Challenging Male Dominance in Norm-Making in Contexts of Legal Pluralism: Insights from the Andes