Art Attacks: Violence and Offence-Taking in India

ISBN : 9780199488841

Malvika Maheshwari
376 Pages
149 x 222 mm
Pub date
Nov 2018
Send mail

Since the end of the 1980s in India, self-styled representatives of a variety of ascriptive groups (religious, caste, regional, and linguistic among others) have come to routinely damage artwork, disrupt their exhibition, and threaten and assault artists and their supporters. Often, these acts are said to be a protest against the allegedly 'hurtful' or 'offensive' artworks. They are even claimed to be a prescient call to save the identity of the community, in a manner that makes the communal identities hinge entirely on that artistic (mis)representation. Yet, at the time of these attacks, many who indulge in this kind of violence have seldom heard of the artist before or even seen, read, watched, let alone engaged with the artwork. Such is the wrench on the right to freedom of speech and expression in general, and on the physical safety and security of artists in particular, that has inspired fear, anger, and discomfort within the art world, marked by ominous declarations of a 'cultural emergency' owing to the loss of lives and property, and without the due processes of law-a consequence that was hardly synonymous with art practice in India, at least until a few decades ago.

This book tells the story of violence against artists in India, marked by the intensifying sense of insecurity, fear, frustration and anger within the art world. But to bring out its complexities-to build an analytical account for understanding what such destructive and, even competitive, attacks on artists convey about India's liberal democracy, given that violence in its many avatars has not so much been an aberration to the form of India's liberal democracy as much as its very condition-the book attempts to map the concrete political transformations that have informed its dynamic unfolding. In other words, as opposed to simply adding to the prevalent commentaries on violent regulation of free speech in India, this work focuses on the dynamics of violence in that regulation. Based on extensive interactions with assailants and artists, I argue that these attacks are not simply 'anti-democratic.' But are dependent in perverse ways on the very logics of democracy's functioning, as much they are contained by it, along with the wider material conditions that have prevented both free speech in India, and India at large, from being immutably locked in a downward spiral.


Acknowledgments Introduction Part One: Prescript 1. The Constitution of Free Speech: Collective Conservatism and Art in the Debates of the Constituent Assembly of India 2. Artists in Courts: Law and the Production of Violence Part Two: Politics 3. From a Murder to Deaths in the Morcha: Congress, Criminalization, and Freedom of Speech by the end of 1980s 4.The Rise of Hindu Nationalism and the Competitive Politics of Offence-Taking 5. M. F. Husain and the Making of a Campaign Part Three: People 6. The Anatomy of an Attack and Inspirations of Attackers 7. Artists and Their Repertoire of Responses Bibliography Index About the Author

About the author: 

Malvika Maheshwari is Assistant Professor of political science at Ashoka University. She holds degrees in the discipline from Delhi University, Jawaharlal Nehru University, and earned her doctorate from Sciences Po, Paris in 2011. Prior to joining Ashoka, Malvika taught courses on Indian and South Asian politics at Sciences Po (Paris) and (Le Havre), and was a research associate at the Centre for Policy Research (New Delhi.) Her research interests include questions around the interrelations between art and politics, to violence and the workings of the Indian democracy. Her articles have been published in journals like Studies in Indian Politics, Economic and Political Weekly, Raisons Politiques, South Asia Multidisciplinary Academic Journal, The Arts Politic among others. Art Attacks: Violence and Offence-Taking in India is her first book.

The price listed on this page is the recommended retail price for Japan. When a discount is applied, the discounted price is indicated as “Discount price”. Prices are subject to change without notice.