Africanistan: Development or Jihad

ISBN : 9780199485666

Serge Michailof
360 Pages
143 x 217 mm
Pub date
Jun 2018
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In Africa, progress can be seen across the board. Yet is this upturn sustainable? And is it comprehensive enough? Every day, migrants are dying in the Mediterranean. Should we really believe that all is well? The continent is in fact a powder keg. The powder is demographics. And the detonator is unemployment. By 2050, the number of young people of working age in Africa will be three times that of China's. What jobs will be available? What is troubling for the continent is even more dramatic for the Sahel, a huge region of about 100 million inhabitants where insecurity is spreading like a bushfire. The mass unemployment of young people, far more than jihadist propaganda, is the primary explanation for the dramatic collapse of Afghanistan. Despite major differences in geography and culture, there are huge similarities between the Sahel and Afghanistan: a demographic impasse, stagnating agriculture, widespread rural misery, high unemployment, deep ethnic and religious fault lines, weak


List of Figures Foreword by Paul Collier Preface Acknowledgements Introduction Part One: Sub-Saharan Africa: The End of Euphoria 1. The New Threats to Africa's Stability and Growth 2. Programmed Demographic Explosion in the Sahel? 3. Marginalization and Underemployment in Rural Africa 4. Will Africa Skip the Industrial Development Stage? Part Two: Fragile States at the Eye of the Storm 5. What Causes Fragility in Certain States? 6. Weak Institutions Weaken Fragile States 7. The Ignored Fragility of Cote d'Ivoire and its Descent into Hell: 1980-2012 Part Three: Lessons the Sahel Can Draw from Afghanistan 8. Is the Sahel in the Process of Turning into a New Afghanistan? 9. Afghanistan-Lesson One: Security Cannot be Entrusted for Long to Foreign Forces 10. Afghanistan-Lesson Two: Aid Agencies Cannot be Left to Do as they Please 11. Afghanistan-Lesson Three: In fragile States, the Priority is to Build Modern, Efficient, Sovereign Institutions Part Four: What Is
to Be Done? 12. Applying the Lessons of the West's Failure in Afghanistan to the Sahel: Part 1 13. Applying the Lessons of the West's Failure in Afghanistan to the Sahel: Part 2 Conclusion Epilogue: How the World Has Changed a Lot in Some Ways and Hardly At All In Others. Afterword Acknowledgements

About the author: 

Serge Michailof had an exceptional career as a development practitioner, successively preparing development projects in Latin America, South Asia, and North Africa in an engineering firm, managing technical teams in Africa and Asia for the French Development Agency (AFD) as country director and later as the head of operations, negotiating development programmes and policy reforms at the World Bank as a senior advisor and regional director. For ten years, he was an associate professor at the Paris School of International Affairs (Sciences Po) in Paris and the Sorbonne. He is currently an associate researcher at IRIS (Institut de Relations Internationales et Strategiques), the leading think tank on geopolitics in Paris, and a senior fellow at the FERDI foundation (Fondation pour les Etudes et la Recherche en Developpement International). He is a board member of the CIAN (Conseil des Investisseurs Francais en Afrique) and the GRET (Groupe de Recherche et d'Echanges Technologiques), one of the leading; French NGOs. He is a regular consultant on fragile states and post-conflict reconstruction, working for governments and international agencies, with a specific focus on institution- and state-building. During his 50-year carrier he has worked in 65 different countries on all continents. Serge Michailof studied in France (MBA at HEC, PhD in Economics, MA in Anthropology) and in the US (MIT).

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