ISBN : 9780195396096
At the start of his administration John F. Kennedy launched a personal policy initiative to court African nationalist leaders. This policy was designed to improve U.S.-African relations and constituted a dramatic change in the direction of U.S. foreign relations. The Kennedy administration believed that the Cold War could be won or lost depending upon whether Washington or Moscow won the hearts and minds of the Third World. Africa was particularly important because a wave of independence saw nineteen newly independent African states admitted into the United Nations during 1960-61. By 1962, 31 of the UN's 110 member states were from the African continent, and both Washington and Moscow sought to add these countries to their respective voting bloc. For Kennedy, the Cold War only amplified the need for a strong U.S. policy towards Africa-but did not create it. The Kennedy administration feared that American neglect of the newly decolonized countries of the world would result in the rise of anti-Americanism and for this reason needed to be addressed irrespective of the Cold War. For this reason, Kennedy devoted more time and effort toward relations with Africa than any other American president. By making an in-depth examination of Kennedy's attempt to court African nationalist leaders, Betting on the Africans adds an important chapter to the historiography of John F. Kennedy's Cold War strategy by showing how through the use of personal diplomacy JFK realigned United States policy towards Africa and to a large extent won the sympathies of its people while at the same time alienating more traditional allies.
Introduction: JFK and the "Greatest Revolution in Human History"
Chapter 1: 'More Royalist than the Queen': Eisenhower/Dulles Policy toward Africa
Chapter 2: JFK's Early Support of African Nationalism
Chapter 3: Kennedy, Sekou Toure, and the Success of Personal Diplomacy
Chapter 4: Kennedy, Kwame Nkrumah, and the Volta River Project Decision
Chapter 5: Kennedy, Julius Nyerere, and Self Determination in Southern Africa
Chapter 6: Kennedy, Gamal Abdel Nasser, Ben Bella, and North African Arab Nationalism
Chapter 7: Kennedy, Felix Houphouet-Boigny, William Tubman, and Conservative African Nationalism
Chapter 8: The Kennedy-de Gaulle Rivalry in Africa
Chapter 9: The View from Pretoria
Chapter 10: Cold War Civil Rights and Kennedy's Courting of African Nationalists
Chapter 11: Contested Skies: U.S.-U.S.S.R. Competition for African Civil Aviation Markets and the Cuban Missile Crisis
Conclusion: The Kennedy Legacy in Africa