ISBN : 9780199772391
What is immediately clear when meeting individuals with acquired brain damage is that the patterns of communication impairments vary in remarkable ways among these individuals. Aphasia and related communication disorders, while devastating life events for individuals who acquire brain damage, provide lessons of considerable interest to many clinicians and researchers trying to understand the brain's neurological and psychological complexity and develop methods to facilitate optimum recovery of lost language and communication functions following brain damage. The Oxford Handbook of Aphasia and Language Disorders weaves theoretical and neurological foundations with rational, motivated clinical approaches to assessment, diagnosis, and intervention for aphasia and related communication disorders. The contributing authors, experienced clinicians and scientists with strong backgrounds in neurological and cognitive neuropsychological theories, bridge theory to clinical practice, reviewing the extant literature in each aphasia syndrome while exploring implications for guiding clinical decision-making. Introductory chapters provide historical perspectives on the aphasia syndromes following left hemisphere brain damage, and review aphasia assessment across the decades. The bulk of the Handbook covers aphasia syndromes, with chapters that describe each aphasia syndrome in detail, including behavioral, neural, and cognitive neuropsychological correlates and methods to assess and treat each syndrome. Additional chapters provide insights into acquired reading and writing disorders and social and prosodic communication disorders that follow damage to the right cerebral hemisphere. The final chapters examine neural perspectives on aphasia recovery and principles of neuroplasticity in aphasia treatment. As such, this book integrates neural, cognitive, and clinical perspectives to provide a broad understanding of the complexity of language and impairments that can arise following acquired brain damage, and will be of interest to scholars and clinicians in the speech-language, neuropsychology, and rehabilitation professions.
About the Editors; Contributors; Part One: Introduction; 1: Aphasia Syndromes: Introduction and Value in Clinical Practice; Anastasia M. Raymer and Leslie J. Gonzalez Rothi; 2: Aphasia Syndromes and Information Processing Models: A Historical Perspective; Kenneth M. Heilman; 3: Aphasia Assessment; Janet P. Patterson; Part Two: Aphasia Syndromes; 4: Wernicke's Aphasia: Auditory Processing and Comprehension; Margaret L. Greenwald; 5: Conduction Aphasia: Impaired Phonological Processing; Carolyn E. Wilshire; 6: Semantic Processing in Transcortical Sensory Aphasia; Jamie Reilly and Nadine Martin; 7: Anomia and Anomic Aphasia: Implications for Lexical Processing; Stacy M. Harnish; 8: Broca's Aphasia and Grammatical Processing; Lynn M. Maher; 9: Global Aphasia; Elizabeth E. Galletta and A. M. Barrett; 10: Transcortical Motor Aphasia; Bruce A. Crosson, Anastasia Ford, and Anastasia M. Raymer; 11: Mixed Transcortical Aphasia: Repetition without Meaning; Annette Baumgartner; 12: Acquired Alexias: Mechanisms of Reading; Ellyn A. Reilly, Elizabeth Brookshire, and Diane L. Kendall; 13: Acquired Dysgraphias: Mechanisms of Writing; Pelagie Beeson and Kindle Rising; Part Three: Language and Right Hemisphere Damage; 14: Discourse and Social Cognition Disorders Affecting Communication Abilities; Maximiliano A. Wilson, Bernadette Ska, and Yves Joanette; 15: Right Hemisphere Damage and Prosody; Susan A. Leon, Amy D. Rodriguez, John C. Rosenbek; Part Four: Clinical Implications; 16: Biological Markers of Aphasia Recovery after Stroke; Marcus Meinzer, Lena Ulm, and Robert Lindenberg; 17: Principles of Aphasia Rehabilitation; Anastasia M. Raymer and Leslie J. Gonzalez Rothi; Index