ISBN : 9780199403493
This book attempts to determine the nature and meaning of the term 'progressivism' and assess its significance in the larger context of Urdu literature and, ultimately, South Asian literature.
Acknowledgements ; Preface ; Note on Transcription ; List of Abbreviations ; Chapters; 1 The Urdu Background to the Progressive Movement; 2 The Angare Group: The Enfants Terribles of Urdu Literature; 3 The All-India Progressive Writers' Association: The European Phase; - The Kremlin/Moscow; - London/Bloomsbury; - The Latin Quarter/Paris; 4 The All-India Progressive Writers' Association: The Indian Phase; - The Preliminary Setting: India, 1935-1936; - The First All-India Progressive Writers' Association Meeting, Lucknow, 1936; 5 The All-India Progressive Writers' Association, 1937-1947: Years of Power; - The AIPWA before World War II, 1937-39; - The AIPWA and the War Years, 1939-45; - The AIPWA Between the War and Independence: 1945-47; 6 The Progressive Writers' Association in India and Pakistan, 1947-70: Years of Decline; - The AIPWA, 1947-53: Years of Rapid Decline; - The AIPWA, 1953-70: An organization in Search of Members; - The All-Pakistan Progressive Writers' Association, 1947-58: 'A Very Short and Chequered History'; 7 Faiz Ahmed Faiz: The Progressive Poet as Aesthete; 8 Asrarul Haq Majaz: The Progressive Poet as Romantic; 9 Makhdum Mohiuddin: The Reluctant Progressive; 10 Ali Sardar Jafri: The Progressive Poet and the Consistency of Commitment; 11 Sahir Ludhianvi: The Progressive as Lyric Poet; 12 Conclusions; Appendices; I. Communist Party Activities in India Prior to 1935; II. Select Biographical Notes; A Chronology of the Progressive Writers' Movement ; Glossary of Literary and Historical Allusions ; Select Bibliography ; Index of Poems by Title ; Index of Poems by Author; Index