The Roots of Cognitive Neuroscience: Behavioral Neurology and Neuropsychology

ISBN : 9780195395549

Anjan Chatterjee; H.Branch Coslett
424 Pages
163 x 236 mm
Pub date
Jan 2014
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The Roots of Cognitive Neuroscience takes a close look at what we can learn about our minds from how brain damage impairs our cognitive and emotional systems. This approach has a long and rich tradition dating back to the 19th century. With the rise of new technologies, such as functional neuroimaging and non-invasive brain stimulation, interest in mind-brain connections among scientists and the lay public has grown exponentially. Behavioral neurology and neuropsychology offer critical insights into the neuronal implementation of large-scale cognitive and affective systems. The book starts out by making a strong case for the role of single case studies as a way to generate new hypotheses and advance the field. This chapter is followed by a review of work done before the First World War demonstrating that the theoretical issues that investigators faced then remain fundamentally relevant to contemporary cognitive neuroscientists. The rest of the book covers central topics in cognitive neuroscience including the nature of memory, language, perception, attention, motor control, body representations, the self, emotions, and pharmacology. There are chapters on modeling and neuronal plasticity as well as on visual art and creativity. Each of these chapters take pains to clarify how this research strategy informs our understanding of these large scale systems by scrutinizing the systematic nature of their breakdown. Taken together, the chapters show that the roots of cognitive neuroscience, behavioral neurology and neuropsychology, continue to ground our understanding of the biology of mind and are as important today as they were 150 years ago.


Anjan Chatterjee & H Branch Coslett
1. The Case for Case Reports
Ken Heilman
2. We stand on the shoulders of giants: The golden era of behavioral neurology 1860-1950 and its relevance to cognitive neuroscience today.
Heidi Roth
3. Deconstructing Human Memory: Insights from Amnesia
Mieke Verfaellie, Margaret M Keane
4. Semantic Memory
Anastasia M. Raymer & Leslie J. Gonzalez Rothi
5. Alexias and Agraphias
David Roeltgen & Elizabeth Lacey
6. Face Recognition
Steven Rapscak
7. Arousal, Attention, and Perception
Mark Mennemeier
8. Perceptual-attentional " and motor-intentional " spatial systems
A.M. Barrett
9. Limb apraxia
Anne Foundas
10. Body representations
H Branch Coslett
11. Pathologies of the Self
Todd Feinberg
12. The Neurology of Emotional Expression
Lee X Blonder
13. Behavioral and Cognitive Effects of Antiepileptic Drugs
Kimford J Meador
14. Neuropsychopharmacology and Cognition
David Q. Beversdorf
15. Attractor Basins: A Neural Basis for the Conformation of Knowledge
Steven E. Nadeau
16. Plasticity
Victor W. Mark
17. Visual Art
Anjan Chatterjee
18. Creativity
Valeria Drago & Glen R. Finney
19. Kenneth M. Heilman and the early years of behavioral neurology at the University of Florida
Edward Valenstein & Robert T Watson

About the author: 

Anjan Chatterjee, MD, is Professor of Neurology at the University of Pennsylvania. Dr. Chatterjee is a cognitive neurologist who has published widely on visual-spatial and temporal cognition, language, aesthetics and ethics. His work encompasses research with focally brain-damaged patients as well as functional neuroimaging of normal healthy subjects. He directs the Behavoral/Cognitive Neurology course at the American Academy of Neurology annual meeting, and has also served the field through membership on NIH study sections and as a question writer for Part IIB of the American Board of Psychiatry and Neurology.; Dr. H. Branch Coslett, MD, is Professor of Neurology at the University of Pennsylvania. Dr. Coslett is a cognitive neurologist who has published widely on visual attention, the neglect syndrome, motor imagery and motor planning, temporal cognition and language. He has worked with patients with focal brain lesions, traumatic brain injury and degenerative conditions of the brain. He also employs Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation; he directs the Laboratory for Cognition and Neural Stimulation at the University of Pennsylvania.

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