OXFORD UNIVERSITY PRESS

The Natural and the Human: Science and the Shaping of Modernity, 1739-1841

ISBN : 9780198801603

Price(incl.tax): 
¥4,378
Author: 
Stephen Gaukroger
Pages
416 Pages
Format
Paperback
Size
156 x 234 mm
Pub date
Mar 2018
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Stephen Gaukroger presents an original account of the development of empirical science and the understanding of human behaviour from the mid-eighteenth century. Since the seventeenth century, science in the west has undergone a unique form of cumulative development in which it has been consolidated through integration into and shaping of a culture. But in the eighteenth century, science was cut loose from the legitimating culture in which it had had a public rationale as a fruitful and worthwhile form of enquiry. What kept it afloat between the middle of the eighteenth and the middle of the nineteenth centuries, when its legitimacy began to hinge on an intimate link with technology? The answer lies in large part in an abrupt but fundamental shift in how the tasks of scientific enquiry were conceived, from the natural realm to the human realm. At the core of this development lies the naturalization of the human, that is, attempts to understand human behaviour and motivations no longer

Index: 

Introduction; Part I; 1 The Dichotomies of Understanding; 2 Rethinking the Nature of Matter; Part II; 3 Anthropological Medicine; 4 Philosophical Anthropology; 5 The Natural History of Man; 6 Social Arithmetic; Part III; 7 The Naturalization of Religion; Conclusion; Bibliography of Works Cited; Index

About the author: 

Stephen Gaukroger, who was educated at London and Cambridge Universities, is Emeritus Professor of History of Philosophy and History of Science at the University of Sydney. He is author of nine books in the history of science and history of philosophy, including an intellectual biography of Descartes, as well as translations of the works of Descartes and Arnauld. The Emergence of a Scientific Culture: Science and the Shaping of Modernity, 1210-1685, was published in 2006, and The Collapse of Mechanism and the Rise of Sensibility: Science and the Shaping of Modernity, 1680-1760, was published in 2010. His work has been translated into Arabic, Chinese, French, German, Italian, Portuguese, Russian, and Serbian.

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