ISBN : 9780190632588
International relations often seems chaotic, complex, and difficult to understand. Theoretical explanations can help resolve this confusion, but for much of the modern history of international relations, theory has often been vague or highly general. This 4-volume work provides the definitive resource on middle-range theory in the widest survey of empirical IR theory ever conducted.
Through over 150 entries by leading scholars, The Oxford Encyclopedia of Empirical International Relations Theory provides an authoritative overview of the central approaches, methodologies, and topics of the field. Its comprehensive examination of both classic and emerging theories underscores the breadth and depth of international relations theory today and is a necessary resource for students and as well as both new and established scholars.
A; The Aftermath of Civil Conflicts; Agent-Based Computational Modeling and International Relations Theory; The Age-Structural Theory of State Behavior; Akamatsu Waves; American Grand Strategy and Political Economy Theory: New Insights into Contemporary Debates; Analytical Liberalism, Neoclassical Realism, and the Need for Empirical Analyses; Approaches to Explaining Regional Conflict and Peace; Arms Races: An Assessment of Conceptual and Theoretical Challenges; Assessing Theories of Rivalry Initiation; B; The Balance of Power in World Politics; Bargaining Models of War and the Stability of Peace in Post-Conflict Societies; Bargaining Theory, Civil War Outcomes, and War Recurrence: Assessing the Results of Empirical Tests of the Theory; C; Capitalist Peace Theory: Plausibilities in Search of Theory; Challenges and Possibilities of Empirical International Relations Theory: Evidence from Research in Brazil; Civil War and Terrorism: A Call for Further Theory Building; Civil War from a Transnational Perspective; Civil War Termination; Civilian Self-Protection and Civilian Targeting in Armed Conflicts: Who Protects Civilians?; Clarifying Causal Mechanisms in International Relations; Comparative and International Political Economy and the Global Financial Crisis; The Concept of Deterrence and Deterrence Theory; Conflict Management of Territorial Disputes; Conflict, Regions, and Regional Hierarchies; Constructing a General Model Accounting for Interstate Rivalry Termination; Coup-Proofing and Civil War; Cumulative Knowledge, Science, and the Emergence of the Study of International Relations; D; Defending Classical Geopolitics; Defining and Operationalizing a Structural Political Geography for International Relations; Democratization and Conflict; Determinants of Foreign Direct Investment; The Determinates of Military Intervention in Interstate and Civil Wars; Diffusion in International Politics; Diplomacy and Negotiation by the Numbers: More than an Art Form?; The Diverging Theory and Practice of International Law; The Diversification of Deterrence: New Data and Novel Realities; Do We Have Far Too Much Theory in International Relations or Do We Need Far Less?: Waltz Was Wrong, Tetlock Was Right; Domestic Coalitions: International Sources and Effects; Dynamics, Endogeneity, and Complexity in Nonviolent Protest Campaigns; E; Economic Incentives as Weapons of War; Economic Interdependence and Conflict; The Effectiveness of Peace Keeping Operations; The Effectiveness of WTO Dispute Settlement; Empirical Analyses of Deterrence; Empirical Evidence for Empirical International Relations Theorizing: Tests of Epistemological Assumptions with Data; Empirical Knowledge on Foreign Military Interventions; The Empirical Promise of Game Theory; Empirically Assessing the Bargaining Theory of War: Potential and Challenges; Empirics of Stable Peace; The English School: History and Primary Institutions as Empirical IR Theory?; Evolution, Adaptation, and Imitation; The Expansion of Economic Freedom and the Capitalist Peace; F; Fighting Abroad, Fighting at Home (and Vice Versa): Identifying the Relationship Between Civil and Interstate Conflict with Fewer Assumptions; Foundations of Power Transition Theory; Foundations of Rivalry Research; Fractionalization and Civil War; G; Gender Inequality and Internal Conflict; The Geography of Civil War; Geopolitics, Geography, and War; The Global Spread and Contraction of Democracy: A Co-Evolutionary Approach; H; Hegemony, Hierarchy, and Unipolarity: Theoretical and Empirical Foundations of Hegemonic Order Studies; Hierarchy and International Relations: Theory and Evidence; How Did International Political Economy Become Reductionist? A Historiography of a Discipline; How the Contractualist Peace Overtook the Democratic Peace; I; Immigration and International Political Economy; The Impact of Meso-Level Assumptions on Grand Theorizing: Using Unit, State, and Regime Type for Constructing IR's Historical Narratives (and Theory-Building); Institutions and the Global Political Economy; The International Determinants of Military Coup Behavior; International Norm Change; Intrastate Conflict and Civilian Victimization; Is Democracy a Cause of Peace?; L; Labor and the Global Political Economy; The Latin American Puzzle for the Study of International Relations; Latin American Thinking in International Relations: Concepts in Place of Theory; Leaders and Foreign Policy: Surveying the Evidence; The Logics of Systemic Theory; Long-Cycles and World-Systems Theoretical Research Programs; M; Major Powers vs. Global Powers: A New Measure of Global Reach and Power Projection Capacity; Managing Internationalized Civil Wars; Measuring Violations of Human Rights Standards; More than Mixed Results: What Have We Learned from Quantitative Research on the Diversionary Hypothesis?; Multilevel Governance as a Global Governance Challenge: Assumptions, Methods, Shortcomings, and Future Directions; N; National Secession; Natural Resources, Climate Change, and Conflict; Network Science and International Relations; Nuclear Weapons and International Conflict: Theories and Empirical Evidence; O; Opportunity and Willingness: From Ordering Concepts to an Analytical Perspective for the Study of Politics; P; Peace, War, Theory, and Evidence in East Asia; Perfect Deterrence Theory; The Poliheuristic Theory of Political Decision Making; The Political Economy of Hegemony: The (Surprising) Persistence of American Hegemony; Popular Expectations, Theory, and Empirical Findings on Air Power; Population Aging and International Conflict; Power, Conflict, and Technology: Delineating Empirical Theories in a Changing World; Power, Institutions, and Issues as Causes of Conflict; Power Shifts and War; The Power-Transition Discourse and China's Rise; Power Transition Theory and the Essence of Revisionism; Predatory Government and the Feasibility of Rebellion: A Micro Logic of the Capitalist Peace; Pro-Government Militias and Conflict; Prospect Theory and International Politics; Proxy Wars: Implications of Great-Power Rivalry for the Onset and Duration of Civil War; Public Opinion on Foreign Policy Issues; R; The Rally 'Round the Flag Phenomenon and the Diversionary Use of Force; Rediscovering Reputation Through Theory and Evidence; Regime Type and Foreign Direct Investment: A Transaction Economics Cost Approach to the Debate; Regional Politics and Powers: Hierarchy and Comparative Regional Analysis in International Relations; Research Findings on the Evolution of Peacekeeping; Role Theory as an Empirical Theory of International Relations: From Metaphor to Formal Model; S; The Selectorate Theory and International Politics; Social Identity Theory: Status and Identity in International Relations; Soft Balancing; The Spread of Conflict in International Relations; The State of Hezbollah? Sovereignty as a Potentiality in Global South Contexts; States and Nonstate Armed Groups (NAGs) Alliance in International Relations Theory; The Steps to War: Theory and Evidence; Strategic Culture Theory: What, Why, and How; The Strategic Uses of State Repression and Political Violence; Suicide Terrorism Theories; Symbolic Politics as International Relations Theory; Systemic Causes of Civil War; Systemic Leadership, Energy Considerations, and the Leadership Long Cycle Perspective; T; Taking China Seriously: Relationality, Tianxia, and the Chinese School of International Relations; The Territorial Peace: A Research Program; The Territorial Peace: Theory, Evidence, and Implications; Territory and Contentious Issues; Terrorism as a Global Wave Phenomenon: Overview; Terrorism as a Global Wave Phenomenon: Anarchist Wave; Terrorism as a Global Wave Phenomenon: Anti-Colonial Wave; Terrorism as a Global Wave Phenomenon: New Left Wave; Terrorism as a Global Wave Phenomenon: Religious Wave; Theoretical and Empirical Approaches to Uncertainty and the Probability of Conflict in International Relations; Theoretical Diversity in International Relations: Dominance, Pluralism, and Division; Theoretical Underpinnings of a Global Social Contract; Theories of Civil War and its Pitfalls and Promises; Theories of International Norm Contestation: Structure and Outcomes; Theories of Interstate Peace; Theory and Evidence Regarding the Effectiveness of Human Rights Treaties; The Theory of Lateral Pressure: Highlights of Quantification and Empirical Analysis; Theory of Regional War and Peace; To Arms, to Arms: What Do We Know About Arms Races?; Toward an Evolutionary Theory of International Relations; Twenty Years of de facto State Studies: Progress, Problems, and Prospects; The Two-Good Theory in Practice from Abstract Generalization to Specific Inference; 240 Years of Foreign Policy Moods in a Democracy Which Grew into a Superpower: What Does It Mean for IR Theory?; U; Understanding Ethnic Conflict: Four Waves and Beyond; Understanding Government Behavior During Armed Conflict; A Unified Analysis of the Diversionary and Constraint Accounts of Crisis Initiation; Unipolarity: The Shaky Foundation of a Fashionable Concept; W; War Making and the Building of State Capacity: Expanding the Bivariate Relationship; War Termination; Waves of Political Terrorism; What Do We Know About Global Financial Crises? Putting IPE and Economics in Conversation; What Do You Know About Civil War Duration?; What Helps Protect Human Rights: Human Rights Theory and Evidence; Women and Terrorism