ISBN : 9780190677961
Each year a new eruption of "leaderless" social movements - from North Africa and the Middle East to Europe, the Americas, and East Asia - leaves journalists, political analysts, police forces, and governments disoriented and perplexed. Activists too struggle to understand and evaluate the power and effectiveness of horizontal movements. Why have the movements, which address the needs and desires of so many, not been able to achieve lasting change and create a new, more democratic and just society? Some people assume that if only social movements could find new leaders they would return to their earlier glory. Where, they ask, are the new Martin Luther Kings, Rudi Dutschkes, and Steven Bikos? Although today's leaderless and spontaneous political organizations are not sufficient, a return to traditional, centralized forms of political leadership is neither desirable nor possible. Necessary, instead, as Michael Hardt and Antonio Negri argue, is an inversion of the roles of the multitude and leadership in political organizations. Leaders should be confined to short-term, tactical action, while the multitude drives strategy. In other words, the formulation of long-term goals and objectives must come from the collective, rather than designated figureheads. Drawing on the ideas developed through their well-known Empire trilogy, Hardt and Negri have produced, in Assembly, a timely proposal for how current large-scale, horizontal movements can develop collectively the capacities for political strategy and decision-making to effect lasting and democratic change.
Part I: The Leadership Problem
Chapter 1: Where Have All the Leaders Gone?
Chapter 2: Strategy and Tactics of the Centaur
Chapter 3: Contra Rousseau, or, Pour en Finir avec la Souverainete
Chapter 4: The Dark Mirror of Right-Wing Movements
Chapter 5: The Real Problem Lies Elsewhere
Part II: The Social Production of the Multitude
Chapter 6: How to Open Property to the Common
Chapter 7: We, Machinic Subjects
Chapter 8: Weber in Reverse
Chapter 9: Entrepreneurship of the Multitude
Part III: Financial Command and Neoliberal Governance
Chapter 10: Finance Captures Social Value
Chapter 11: Money Institutionalizes a Social Relation
Chapter 12: Neoliberal Administration Out of Joint
Part IV: New Prince
Chapter 13: Political Realism
Chapter 14: Impossible Reformism
Chapter 15: And Now What?
Chapter 16: Portolan