Neuroethics: Anticipating the Future

ISBN : 9780198786832

Judy Illes
672 Pages
171 x 246 mm
Pub date
Jul 2017
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Over the last decade, there have been unparalleled advances in our understanding of brain sciences. But with the development of tools that can manipulate brain function, there are pressing ethical implications to this newfound knowledge of how the brain works. In Neuroethics: Anticipating the Future, a distinguished group of contributors tackle current and critical ethical questions and offer forward-looking insights. What new balances should be struck between diagnosis and prediction, or invasive and non-invasive interventions, given the rapid advances in neuroscience? Are new criteria needed for the clinical definition of death for those eligible for organ donation? As data from emerging technologies are made available on public databases, what frameworks will maximize benefits while ensuring privacy of health information? These challenging questions, along with numerous other neuroethical concerns, are discussed in depth. Written by eminent scholars from diverse disciplines including neurology and neuroscience, ethics and law, public health and philosophy, this new volume on neuroethics sets out the many necessary considerations for the future. It is essential reading for the field of neuroethics, neurosciences and psychology, and an invaluable resource for physicians in neurological medicine, academics in humanities and law, and health policy makers.


I. Neurotechnology: Today and Tomorrow
1 Debra J.H. Mathews: When Emerging Biomedical Technologies Converge or Collide
2 Urs Ribary, Alex L. Mackay, Alex Rauscher, Christine M. Tipper, Deborah E. Giaschi, Todd S. Woodward, Vesna Sossi, Sam M. Doesburg, Lawrence M. Ward, Anthony Herdman, Ghassan Hamarneh, Brian G. Booth, and Alexander Moiseev: Emerging Neuroimaging Technologies: Towards Future Personalized Diagnostics, Prognosis, Targeted Intervention and Ethical Challenges
3 Lorna M. Gibson, Cathie L.M. Sudlow, Joanna M. Wardlaw: Incidental Findings: Current Ethical Debates and Future Challenges in Advanced Neuroimaging
4 Niranjan S. Karnik: Vulnerability, Youth and Homelessness: Ethical Considerations on the Roles of Technology in the Lives of Adolescents and Young Adults
5 Karola V. Kreitmair and Mildred K. Cho: The Neuroethical Future of Wearable and Mobile Health Technology
6 Peter B. Reiner and Saskia K. Nagel: Technologies of the Extended Mind
7 Eran Klein: Neuromodulation Ethics: Preparing for Brain-computer Interface Medicine
8 Khara M. Ramos and Walter J. Koroshetz: Integrating Ethics into Neurotechnology Research and Development: The USA National Institutes of Health BRAIN Initiative

II. Neuroethics at the Frontline of Healthcare
9 Cheryl D. Lew: What Do New Neuroscience Discoveries in Children Mean for Their Open Future?
10 Sarah Welsh, Genevieve Dupont-Thibodeau, Matthew P. Kirschen: Neuroprognostication after Severe Brain Injuryin Children: Science Fiction or Plausible Reality?
11 Elvira V. Lang: No Pain No Gain: A Neuroethical Place for Hypnosis in Invasive Intervention
12 Karen S. Rommelfanger: Placebo Beyond Controls: The Neuroscience and Ethics of Navigating a New Understanding of Placebo Therapy
13 Sabine Muller: Ethical Challenges of Modern Psychiatric Neurosurgery
14 Shelly Benjaminy and Anthony Traboulsee: At the Crossroads of Civic Engagement and Evidence-Based Medicine: Lessons Learned from the Chronic Cerebrospinal Venous Insufficiency Experience
15 Agnieszka Jaworska: Ethical Dilemmas in Neurodegenerative Disease: Respecting Patients at the Twilight of Agency
16 Herve Chneiweiss: Anticipating a Therapeutically Elusive Neurodegenerative Condition: Ethical Considerations for the Preclinical Detection of Alzheimer's Disease
17 David B. Fischer, Robert D. Truog: When Bright Lines Blur: Deconstructing Distinctions Between Disorders of Consciousness
18 James L. Bernat: Brain Death and the Definition of Death

III. Social, Legal and Regulatory Frameworks: Lessons of the Past Guide Policy for the Future
19 Vasiliki Rahimzadeh, Karine Senecal, Erika Kleiderman, Bartha M. Knoppers: Minors and Incompetent Adults: A Tale of Two Populations
20 Eric Racine and Veljko Dubljevi: Behavioral and Brain-based Research on Free Moral Agency: Threatening or Empowering?
21 Fabrice Jotterand: Cognitive Enhancement of Today May Be the Normal of Tomorrow
22 Laura Y. Cabrera: Environmental Neuroethics: Setting the Foundations
23 Jordan Tesluk, Judy Illes, Ralph Matthews: First Nations and Environmental Neuroethics: Perspectives on Brain Health from a World of Change
24 Steven E. Hyman: The Neurobiology of Addiction as a Window on Voluntary Control of Behavior and Moral Responsibility
25 Adrian Carter and Wayne Hall: Looking to the Future: Clinical and Policy Implications of a Brain Disease Model of Addiction
26 Brad Partridge and Wayne Hall: Concussion, Neuroethics, and Sport: Policies of the Past Do Not Suffice for the Future
27 Jonathan Moreno, Michael N. Tennison, and James Giordano: Security Threat Versus Aggregated Truths: Ethical Issues in the Use of Neuroscience and Neurotechnology for National Security
28 Julie M. Robillard and Emily Wight: Communicating About the Brain in the Digital Era
29 Jennifer A. Chandler: The Impact of Neuroscience in the Law: How Perceptions of Control and Responsibility Affect the Definition of Disability
30 Dan J. Stein and James Giordano: Neuroethics and Global Mental Health: Establishing a Dialogue

IV. Epilogue
31 Joseph J. Fins: Neuroethics and Neurotechnology: Instrumentality and Human Rights

About the author: 

Dr. Judy Illes is a pioneer and a global leader in the field of neuroethics. As a neuroscientist turned neuroscientist-neuroethicist, she has made groundbreaking contributions to ethical, social, and policy challenges at the intersection of biomedical ethics and neuroscience. Her seminal contributions to tackling challenges in neuroimaging, neurodevelopment and aging, addiction and mental health, regenerative medicine, cross-cultural studies, and the commercialization of health care, have had a transformative impact in the way that research is designed and executed, and results and new knowledge shared with the public and decision-makers. She is President of the International Neuroethics Society, a member of the Standing Committee on Ethics for the Canadian Institutes of Health Research, and internationally recognized author, collaborator, and mentor.

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