The Political Economy of Clean Energy Transitions

ISBN : 9780198802242

Douglas Arent; Channing Arndt
640 Pages
153 x 234 mm
Pub date
Apr 2017
WIDER Studies in Development Economics
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This is an open access title available under the terms of a CC BY-NC-SA 3.0 IGO licence. It is free to read at Oxford Scholarship Online and offered as a free PDF download from OUP and selected open access locations. The 21st Conference of the Parties (CoP21) to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) shifted the nature of the political economy challenge associated with achieving a global emissions trajectory that is consistent with a stable climate. The shifts generated by CoP21 place country decision-making and country policies at centre stage. Under moderately optimistic assumptions concerning the vigour with which CoP21 objectives are pursued, nearly every country will attempt to design and implement the most promising and locally relevant policies for achieving their agreed contribution to global mitigation. These policies will vary dramatically across countries as they embark on an unprecedented era of policy experimentation in driving a clean energy transition. This book steps into this new world of broad-scale and locally relevant policy experimentation. The chapters focus on the political economy of clean energy transition with an emphasis on specific issues encountered in both developed and developing countries. The authors contribute a broad diversity of experience drawn from all major regions of the world, representing a compendium of what has been learned from recent initiatives, mostly (but not exclusively) at country level, to reduce GHG emissions. As this new era of experimentation dawns, their contributions are both relevant and timely.


Part I. The Political Economy of Clean Energy Transitions
1: Introduction and Synthesis, Douglas Arent, Channing Arndt, Mackay Miller, Finn Tarp, and Owen Zinaman
2: The history and politics of energy transitions: Comparing contested views and finding common ground, Benjamin K. Sovacool

Part II. Climate Policy
3: Carbon pricing under political Constraints: insights for accelerating clean energy transitions, Jesse D. Jenkins and Valerie J. Karplus
4: Border adjustment mechanisms: Elements for economic, legal, and political analysis, Julien Bueb, Lilian Richieri Hanania, and Alice Le Clézio
5: Support policies for renewables: Instrument choice and instrument change from a public choice perspective, Erik Gawel, Sebastian Strunz, and Paul Lehmann

Part III. Institutions and Governance
6: Varieties of clean energy transitions in Europe: Political-economic foundations of onshore and offshore wind development, Stefan Cetkovic, Aron Buzogány, and Miranda Schreurs
7: The political economy of energy innovation, Shouro Dasgupta, Enrica De Cian, and Elena Verdolini
8: Is feed-in-tariff policy effective for increasing deployment of renewable energy in Indonesia?, Dewi Yuliani
9: Do political economy factors matter in explaining the increase in the production of bioenergy?, Éric Nazindigouba Kere
10: Understanding indicator choice for the assessment of RD&D financing of low-carbon energy technologies: Lessons from the Nordic countries, Jonas Sonnenschein
11: An inquiry into the political economy of the global clean energy transition policies and Nigeria's federal and state governments' fiscal policies, David Onyinyechi Agu and Evelyn Nwamaka Ogbeide-Osaretin

Part IV. Actors and Interests
12: Governing clean energy transitions in China and India, Karoliina Isoaho, Alexandra Goritz, and Nicolai Schulz
13: Towards a political economy framework for wind power: Does China break the mould?, Michael R. Davidson, Fredrich Kahrl, and Valerie J. Karplus
14: The social shaping of nuclear energy technology in South Africa, Britta Rennkamp and Radhika Bhuyan
15: European energy security: challenges and green opportunities, Almas Heshmati and Shahrouz Abolhosseini

Part V. Incumbency
16: Incumbancy and the legal configuration of hydrocarbon infrastructure, Ross Astoria
17: Global trends in the political economy of smart grids, Cherrelle Eid, Rudi Hakvoort, Martin de Jong
18: Falling oil prices and sustainable energy transition: Towards a multilateral agreement on fossil-fuel subsidies, Henok Birhanu Asmelash
Part VI. Sector Reform
19: Post-apartheid electricity policy and the emergence of South Africa's renewable energy sector, Lucy Baker
20: Political economy of Nigerian power sector reform, Eric Kehinde Ogunleye
21: Climate change policy and power sector reform in Mexico under the golden age of gas, José María Valenzuela and Isabel Studer
22: Sell the oil deposits! A financial proposal to keep the oil underground in the Yasuni National Park, Ecuador, Santiago Bucaram, Mario Andrés Fernández, and Diego Grijalva

Part VII. Social Inclusion
23: Integrating clean energy use in national poverty reduction strategies: Opportunities and challenges in Rwanda's Girinka programme, Chika Ezeanya and Abel Kennedy
24: Renewable energy in the Brazilian Amazon: the drivers of political economy and climate, Sabrina McCormick
25: The political economy of household thermal energy choices in developing countries: comparing the LPG sectors in Indonesia and South Africa, Wikus Kruger, Louise Tait, and Jiska de Groot

Part VIII. Regional Dynamics
26: The linkages of energy, water, and land use in Southeast Asia: Challenges and opportunities for the Mekong region, Kim Hang Pham Do and Ariel Dinar
27: The political economy of clean energy transitions at sub-national level: Understanding the role of international climate regimes in energy policy in two Brazilian states, Jose A. Puppim de Oliveira and Celio Andrade
28: Implementing EU renewable energy policy at the subnational level: navigating between conflicting interests, Gilles Lepesant

Part IX. Moving Forward
29: Moving forward, Douglas Arent, Channing Arndt, Mackay Miller, Finn Tarp, and Owen Zinaman

About the author: 

Douglas Arent is Executive Director of JISEA. He is also a Senior Visiting Fellow at the Center for Strategic and International Studies and serves on the American Academy of Arts and Sciences Steering Committee on Social Science and the Alternative Energy Future. He is a member of the National Research Council Committee to advise the U.S. Global Change Research Program (USGCRP). He is also a member of the International Advisory Board for Energy Policy, an associate editor for Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, on the Editorial Board of Sustainability, and the Editor in Chief of Renewable Energy Focus.; Channing Arndt is a senior research fellow at United Nations University World Institute for Development Economics Research. He has substantial research management experience including leadership of interdisciplinary teams. His programme of research has focused on poverty alleviation and growth, agricultural development, market integration, gender and discrimination, the implications of the HIV/AIDS pandemic, technological change, trade policy, aid effectiveness, infrastructure investment, energy and biofuels, climate variability, and the economic implications of climate change.; Mackay Miller is a Professional Scholar at JISEA/NREL. In addition to his JISEA research, Professor Miller is Lead Analyst for Technology & Strategy at National Grid. He previously worked at NREL, including an assignment at the U.S. Department of Energy. He has written widely in areas of renewable energy, smart grids, and regulatory dimensions of power system transformation. He is a member of the IEEE Power & Energy Society and serves on the Editorial Board for the IEEE Power & Energy Magazine. He holds an MBA from the University of Colorado, and a BA in International Relations from Brown University.; Finn Tarp is Director of UNU-WIDER and Professor of Development Economics at the University of Copenhagen. He has some 38 years of experience in academic and applied development economics research, teaching and policy analysis. His field experience covers more than 20 years of in-country assignments in 35 countries across the developing world, including longer-term assignments in Swaziland, Mozambique, Zimbabwe, and Vietnam. Finn Tarp has published widely in leading international academic journals alongside a series of books, and he is a member of the World Bank Chief Economist's Council of Eminent Persons.; Owen Zinaman is the Deputy Lead for the 21st Century Power Partnership (21CPP), a multilateral initiative of the Clean Energy Ministerial; he also manages the 21CPP South Africa in-country programme, and serves as a Power Sector Analyst at the National Renewable Energy Laboratory. He has published widely on power system transformation issues, including the grid integration of bulk and distributed renewable energy resources, power system flexibility, and policy and regulatory issues across the clean energy spectrum. He received his Master's degree in Nuclear Engineering and Radiological Sciences from the University of Michigan at Ann Arbor, with a focus on science and technology public policy.

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