ISBN : 9780195372175
Red Families v. Blue Families identifies a new family model geared for the post-industrial economy. Rooted in the urban middle class, the coasts and the "blue states" in the last three presidential elections, the Blue Family Paradigm emphasizes the importance of women's as well as men's workforce participation, egalitarian gender roles, and the delay of family formation until both parents are emotionally and financially ready. By contrast, the Red Family Paradigm-associated with the Bible Belt, the mountain west, and rural America-rejects these new family norms, viewing the change in moral and sexual values as a crisis. In this world, the prospect of teen childbirth is the necessary deterrent to premarital sex, marriage is a sacred undertaking between a man and a woman, and divorce is society's greatest moral challenge. Yet, the changing economy is rapidly eliminating the stable, blue collar jobs that have historically supported young families, and early marriage and childbearing derail the education needed to prosper. The result is that the areas of the country most committed to traditional values have the highest divorce and teen pregnancy rates, fueling greater calls to reinstill traditional values. Featuring the groundbreaking research first hailed in The New Yorker, this penetrating book will transform our understanding of contemporary American culture and law. The authors show how the Red-Blue divide goes much deeper than this value system conflict-the Red States have increasingly said "no" to Blue State legal norms, and, as a result, family law has been rent in two. The authors close with a consideration of where these different family systems still overlap, and suggest solutions that permit rebuilding support for both types of families in changing economic circumstances. Incorporating results from the 2008 election, Red Families v. Blue Families will reshape the debate surrounding the culture wars and the emergence of red and blue America.
SECTION I: WHAT'S THE DIFFERENCE? POLARIZATION AND THE REGULATION OF SEXUALITY
1. The Creation of Family Culture: A Historical Overview
2. The Post-Industrial Economy and the Remaking of Gender
3. Polarization and the Creation of Culture
4. "Moral Affront" and the Red State Rebellion
5. Living their Lives: Red and Blue Patterns
SECTION II: CULTURAL DIVISION AND LEGAL POLARIZATION
6. Same-Sex Marriage and Symbolic Flashpoints
7. : Abstinence Education and Teen Sex
8. : Parental Notification, Abortion and the Division between Authority and Autonomy
9. Sex, Custody, and Nuanced Moral Judgments
SECTION III: LAW AND THE RECREATION OF CULTURE?
10. Are we destined to differ about sexuality?
11. Pathways to Adulthood: Do we create self-replicating cultural patterns?
12. Religion, Memes and Path-Dependence in the Creation of Values
13. Partisanship and the Threat to Legitimacy
14. : Legitimacy and the Role of the Courts
SECTION IV: FEDERALISM, LEGITIMACY AND THE ROLE OF LAW IN TIMES OF POLARIZATION
15. Talking With Each Other: Places of Convergence and Points of Contention
16. Federalism and Categories