Bioethical Prescriptions: To Create, End, Choose, and Improve Lives

ISBN : 9780190649616

F. M. Kamm
616 Pages
156 x 234 mm
Pub date
Jan 2017
Oxford Ethics Series
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Bioethical Prescriptions collects F.M. Kamm's articles on bioethics, which have appeared over the last twenty-five years and which have made her among the most influential philosophers in this area. Kamm is known for her intricate, sophisticated, and painstaking philosophical analyses of moral problems generally and of bioethical issues in particular. This volume showcases these articles - revised to eliminate redundancies - as parts of a coherent whole. A substantive introduction identifies important themes than run through the articles. Section headings include Death and Dying; Early Life (on conception and use of embryos, abortion, and childhood); Genetics and Other Enhancements (on cloning and other genetic technologies); Allocating Scarce Resources; and Methodology (on the relation of moral theory and practical ethics).



Part I: Death and Dying
Chapter 1 Rescuing Ivan Ilych: How We Live and How We Die
Chapter 2 Conceptual Issues Related to Ending Life
Chapter 3 Problems with Assisted Suicide: The Philosophers' Brief
Chapter 4 Four-Step Arguments for Physician-Assisted Suicide and Euthanasia
Chapter 5 Some Arguments by Velleman Concerning Suicide and Assisted Suicide
Chapter 6 Brody on Active and Passive Euthanasia
Chapter 7 A Note on Dementia and Advance Directives
Chapter 8 Brain Death and Spontaneous Breathing

Part II: Young Life
Chapter 9 Using Human Embryos for Biomedical Research
Chapter 10 Ethical Issues in Using and Not Using Human Embryonic Stem Cells
Chapter 11 Ronald Dworkin's Views on Abortion
Chapter 12 Creation and Abortion Short
Chapter 13 McMahan on the Ethics of Killing at the Margins of Life
Chapter 14 Some Conceptual and Ethical Issues in Munchausen Syndrome by Proxy

Part III: Genetic and Other Enhancements
Chapter 15 Genes, Justice, and Obligations to Future People
Chapter 16 Moral Status, Personal Identity, and Substitutability: Clones, Embryos, and Future Generations
Chapter 17 What Is and Is Not Wrong with Enhancement

Part IV: Allocating Scarce Resources
Chapter 18 Health and Equity
Chapter 19 Health and Equality of Opportunity
Chapter 20 Is it Morally Permissible to Discontinue NonFutile Use of a Scarce Resource?
Chapter 21 Aggregation, Allocating Scarce Resources, and Discrimination Against the Disabled
Chapter 22 Rationing and the Disabled: Several Proposals
Chapter 23 Learning from Bioethics: Moral Issues in Rationing Non-Medical Scarce Resources

Part V: Methodology
Chapter 24 The Philosopher as Insider and Outsider
Chapter 25 Theory and Analogy
Chapter 26 Relations between High Theory, Low Theory, and Applying Applied Ethics
Chapter 27 Understanding, Justifying, and Finding Oneself

About the author: 

F.M. Kamm is Littauer Professor of Philosophy and Public Policy, Kennedy School of Government, and Professor of Philosophy, Faculty of Arts and Sciences, at Harvard University. She is the author of The Moral Target: Aiming at Right Conduct in War and Other Conflicts (2012), Ethics for Enemies: Terror, Torture, and War (2011), Intricate Ethics: Rights, Responsibilities, and Permissible Harm (2007), Morality, Mortality, Vol. I: Death and Whom to Save from It (1993) and Vol. II: Rights, Duties, and Status (1996), and Creation and Abortion: A Study in Moral and Legal Philosophy (1992), all from Oxford University Press.

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