ISBN : 9780190259242
Hundreds of millions around the world live in chronic pain - many in such severe pain they are disabled by it. The Institute of Medicine estimates that chronic pain costs the U.S. alone $560 to $635 billion a year in direct medical costs and lost productivity. Morphine, an effective painkiller, costs only three cents a dose, yet because of excessive regulation in many countries, it is unavailable to millions of people who need it, even at the end of life. The World Health Organization notes that in addition to the one million end-stage AIDS/HIV patients who can't get morphine and other controlled medications, 5.5 million terminal cancer patients, nearly a million people suffering from accidents or violence, and an incalculable number of people living with chronic illnesses and recovering from surgery can't get it, either. Women, children, older people, and the poor are disproportionally affected by inadequate pain relief. Physicians know almost nothing about chronic pain, much less how to treat it,
Chapter 1. What is Chronic Pain?
Chapter 2. Who is Hardest Hit by Chronic Pain?
Chapter 3. The Opioid Mess in the United States
Chapter 4. The Opioid Mess Worldwide
Chapter 5. Marijuana
Chapter 6. Western Medicine Treatments for Chronic Pain
Chapter 7. Complementary and Alternative Medicine Treatments for Chronic Pain
Chapter 8. The Way Forward
Appendix I: Resources
Appendix II: Treatments for Pain