The Oxford Handbook of Environmental Ethics

ISBN : 9780199941339

Stephen M. Gardiner; Allen Thompson
616 Pages
171 x 248 mm
Pub date
Jan 2016
Oxford Handbooks
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We live during a crucial period of human history on Earth. Anthropogenic environmental changes are occurring on global scales at unprecedented rates. Despite a long history of environmental intervention, never before has the collective impact of human behaviors threatened all of the major bio-systems on the planet. Decisions we make today will have significant consequences for the basic conditions of all life into the indefinite future. What should we do? How should we behave? In what ways ought we organize and respond? The future of the world as we know it depends on our actions today. A cutting-edge introduction to environmental ethics in a time of dramatic global environmental change, this collection contains forty-five newly commissioned articles, with contributions from well-established experts and emerging voices in the field. Chapters are arranged in topical sections: social contexts (history, science, economics, law, and the Anthropocene), who or what is of value (humanity, conscious animals, living individuals, and wild nature), the nature of value (truth and goodness, practical reasons, hermeneutics, phenomenology, and aesthetics), how things ought to matter (consequences, duty and obligation, character traits, caring for others, and the sacred), essential concepts (responsibility, justice, gender, rights, ecological space, risk and precaution, citizenship, future generations, and sustainability), key issues (pollution, population, energy, food, water, mass extinction, technology, and ecosystem management), climate change (mitigation, adaptation, diplomacy, and geoengineering), and social change (conflict, pragmatism, sacrifice, and action). Each chapter explains the role played by central theories, ideas, issues, and concepts in contemporary environmental ethics, and their relevance for the challenges of the future.


1 Allen Thompson and Stephen M. Gardiner: Introducing Contemporary Environmental Ethics
Part I. Context: Broad social contexts in which we find ourselves
2 Jason Kawall: A History of Environmental Ethics
3 Wendy Parker: Environmental Science: Empirical Claims in Environmental Ethics
4 John O'Neill: Markets, Ethics, and Environment
5 Daniel Butt: Law, Governance, and the Ecological Ethos
6 Holmes Rolston, III: The Anthropocene! Beyond the Natural??
Part II. Subjects of Value: What ought to count morally and how
7 Allen Thompson: Anthropocentrism: Humanity as Peril and Promise
8 Lori Gruen: Conscious Animals and the Value of Experience
9 Clare Palmer: Living Individuals: Biocentrism in Environmental Ethics
10 J. Baird Callicott: How Ecological Collectives are Morally Considerable
11 Philip Cafaro: Valuing Wild Nature
Part III. Nature of Value: The meaning of value and normative claims
12 Katie McShane: Truth and Goodness: Metaethics in Environmental Ethics
13 Alan Holland: Practical Reasons and Environmental Commitment
14 Martin Drenthen: Environmental Hermeneutics and the Meaning of Nature
15 Ted Toadvine: Phenomenology and Environmental Ethics
16 Emily Brady: Aesthetic Value, Nature, and Environment
Part IV. How Things Matter: Theoretical perspectives on the way we ought to act
17 Avram Hiller: Consequentialism in Environmental Ethics
18 Benjamin Hale: Rights, Rules, and Respect for Nature
19 Ronald Sandler: Environmental Virtue Ethics: Value, Normativity, and Right Action
20 Kyle Powys Whyte and Chris Cuomo: Ethics of Caring in Environmental Ethics: Indigenous and Feminist Philosophies
21 Bron Taylor: The Sacred, Reverence for Life, and Environmental Ethics in America
Part V. Key Concepts: Tools for framing and addressing problems
22 Kenneth Shockley: Individual and Contributory Responsibility for Environmental Harm
23 Derek Bell: Justice on One Planet
24 Chris Cuomo: Sexual Politics in Environmental Ethics: Impacts, Causes, Alternatives
25 Steve Vanderheiden: Human Rights and the Environment
26 Tim Hayward: Ecological Space: The Concept and Its Ethical Significance
27 Jonathan Aldred: Risk and Precaution in Decision Making about Nature
28 John Barry: Citizenship and (Un)Sustainability: A Green Republican Perspective
29 John Nolt: Future Generations in Environmental Ethics
30 Bryan G. Norton: Sustainability as the Multigenerational Public Interest
Part VI. Central Issues: Specific areas of environmental concern
31 Kevin Elliott: The Ethics of Environmental Pollution
32 Elizabeth Cripps: Population and Environment : The Impossible, the Impermissible, and the Imperative
33 Kristin Shrader-Frechette: Ethical Energy Choices
34 David Kaplan: Narratives of Food, Agriculture, and the Environment
35 Angela Kallhoff: Water Ethics: Toward Ecological Cooperation
36 Jeremy David Bendik-Keymer and Chris Haufe: Anthropogenic Mass Extinction: The Science, the Ethics, and the Civics
37 Paul B. Thompson: Philosophy of Technology and the Environment
38 Marion Hourdequin: The Ethics of Ecosystem Management
Part VII. Climate Change: The defining environmental problem of our time
39 Henry Shue: Mitigation: First Imperative of Environmental Ethics
40 Clare Heyward: Ethics and Climate Adaptation
41 Andrew Light: Climate Diplomacy
42 Stephen M. Gardiner: Geoengineering: Ethical Questions for Deliberate Climate Manipulators
Part VIII. Social Change: Doing what we ought to do
43 David Schmidtz: Environmental Conflict
44 Ben A. Minteer: Environmental Ethics, Sustainability Science, and the Recovery of Pragmatism
45 John M. Meyer: Sacrifice and the Possibilities for Environmental Action
46 Avner de Shalit: From Environmental Ethics to Environmental Action

About the author: 

Stephen M. Gardiner is Professor of Philosophy and Ben Rabinowitz Endowed Professor of the Human Dimensions of the Environment at the University of Washington, Seattle. He is the author of A Perfect Moral Storm (Oxford, 2011), co-author of Debating Climate Ethics (Oxford, 2016), editor of Virtue Ethics, Old and New (Cornell, 2005), and co-editor of Climate Ethics: Essential Readings (Oxford, 2010). His research focuses on global environmental problems, future generations and virtue ethics.; Allen Thompson is Associate Professor of Philosophy at Oregon State University in Corvallis, Oregon, and a Fellow with the Rachel Carson Center for Environment and Society at Ludwig Maximilian University in Munich, Germany. He is co-editor of Ethical Adaptation to Climate Change: Human Virtues of the Future (MIT, 2012) and serves as an officer for the International Society for Environmental Ethics (Treasurer 2013-2015, Vice-President 2016-2018, and President 2019-2021).

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