Towards a Better Global Economy: Policy Implications for Citizens Worldwide in the 21st Century

ISBN : 9780198784746

Franklin Allen; Jere R. Behrman; Nancy Birdsall; Shahrokh Fardoust; Dani Rodrik; Andrew Steer; Arvind Subramanian
560 Pages
156 x 234 mm
Pub date
Nov 2016
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Substantial progress in the fight against extreme poverty was made in the last two decades. But the slowdown in global economic growth and significant increases in income inequality in many developed and developing countries raise serious concerns about the continuation of this trend into the 21st century. The time has come to seriously think about how improvements in official global governance, coupled with and reinforced by rising activism of 'global citizens' can lead to welfare-enhancing and more equitable results for global citizens through better national and international policies. This book examines the factors that are most likely to facilitate the process of beneficial economic growth in low-, middle-, and high-income countries. It examines past, present, and future economic growth; demographic changes; the hyperglobalization of trade; the effect of finance on growth; climate change and resource depletion; and the sense of global citizenship and the need for global governance in order to draw longer-term implications, identify policy options for improving the lives of average citizens around the world, and make the case for the need to confront new challenges with truly global policy responses. The book documents how demographic changes, convergence, and competition are likely to bring about massive shifts in the sectoral and geographical composition of global output and employment, as the center of gravity of the global economy moves toward Asia and emerging economies elsewhere. It shows that the legacies of the 2008-09 crisis-high unemployment levels, massive excess capacities, and high debt levels-are likely to reduce the standard of living of millions of people in many countries over a long period of adjustment and that fluctuations in international trade, financial markets, and commodity prices, as well as the tendency of institutions at both the national and international level to favor the interests of the better-off and more powerful pose substantial risks for citizens of all countries. The chapters and their policy implications are intended to stimulate public interest and facilitate the exchange of ideas and policy dialogue.


1 Jere Behrman and Shahrokh Fardoust: Towards a Better Global Economy: Overview and Policy Options
2 Dani Rodrick: The Past, Present, and Future of Economic Growth
Kemal Dervis: Comment
Chang-Tai Hseih: Comment
Branko Milanovic: Comment
Zia Qureshi: Comment
3 Jere Behrman and Hans-Peter Kohler: Population Quantity, Quality, and Mobility
Ronald Lee: Comment
4 Arvind Subramanian and Martin Kessler: The Hyperglobalization of Trade and its Future
Bernard Hoekman: Comment
5 Franklin Allen, Elena Carletti, Jun 'QJ' Qian, and Patricio Valenzuela: Does Finance Accelerate or Retard Growth? Theory and Evidence
Stijn Claessens: Comment
Thorsten Beck: Comment
6 Andrew Steer: Resource Depletion, Climate Change, and Economic Growth
Jeremy Oppenheim: Comment
7 Nancy Birdsall, with Christian Meyer and Alexis Sowa: Global Markets, Global Citizens, and Global Governance in the 21st Century
Pratap Mehta: Comment

About the author: 

Franklin Allen is the Nippon Life Professor of Finance and Professor of Economics at the Wharton School of the University of Pennsylvania and co-director of the Wharton Financial Institutions Center. He is a former president of the American Finance Association. He has written three books with Douglas Gale, on financial innovation, comparative financial systems, and financial crises. He is the co-author (with Richard Brealey and Stewart Myers) of the 8th-11th editions of the textbook Principles of Corporate Finance. He holds a DPhil from the University of Oxford. ; Jere R. Behrman is the William R. Kenan, Jr. Professor of Economics and Sociology and Population Studies Center Research Associate at the University of Pennsylvania. His research is in empirical microeconomics, economic development, early childhood development, labor economics, human resources (education, training, health, nutrition), economic demography, household behaviors, and life-cycle and intergenerational relations. He has published more than 370 professional articles and 33 books, been a research consultant with numerous international organizations, conducted research or lectured in more than 40 countries, and served as principal investigator on more than 75 research projects. He is a Fellow of the Econometric Society, a 40th Anniversary Fulbright Fellow, the recipient of the 2008 biennial Carlos Diaz-Alejandro Prize for outstanding research contributions to Latin America, and a member of the U.S. National Institutes of Child Health and Development (NICHD) Advisory Council. ; Nancy Birdsall is the founding president of the Center for Global Development. Before launching the center, she served as executive vice president of the Inter-American Development Bank; held research, policy, and management positions at the World Bank, including as director of the Policy Research Department; and served as Senior Associate and Director of the Economic Reform Project at the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace. She is the author, co-author, or editor of more than a dozen books and many scholarly papers. Her most recent publications include Cash on Delivery: A New Approach to Foreign Aid (2010) and New Ideas on Development after the Financial Crisis (2011), coedited with Francis Fukuyama. She holds a PhD from Yale University. ; Shahrokh Fardoust is the president of International Economic Consultants, LLC. He has more than 30 years of experience in economic development. At the World Bank, he served as Director of Strategy and Operations in the Development Economics Vice Presidency, Senior Adviser to the Director-General of the Independent Evaluation Group of the World Bank Group, and Senior Economic Adviser to the Chief Economist. He has published in the areas of economic development, national and subnational economic policy, long-term forecasting, and international monetary system. He contributed to and co-edited Post Crisis Growth and Development: A Development Agenda for the G20 (2010). He is member of the SovereigNET Advisory Council at the Fletcher School at Tufts University. He holds an MA and PhD from the University of Pennsylvania. ; Dani Rodrik is the Ford Foundation Professor of International Political Economy at the John F. Kennedy School of Government, Harvard University. Previously he held professorships at Princeton and Columbia Universities. He is the author, among other works, of The Globalization Paradox (2011) and One Economics, Many Recipes (2007). He has published widely in economic development and growth, globalization, and political economy; Andrew Steer is the president and CEO of the World Resources Institute (WRI). He has three decades of experience working on international development on the front line in Asia and Africa and at a senior level in international policy roles. Before joining WRI, he served as Special Envoy for Climate Change at the World Bank. He was a member of UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-Moon's High Level Panel on Sustainable Energy for All and served on the B20 Board on Green Growth. He holds a PhD from the University of Pennsylvania. ; Arvind Subramanian is the Dennis Weatherstone Senior Fellow at the Peterson Institute for International Economics and a senior fellow at the Center for Global Development. He is the author of Eclipse: Living in the Shadow of China's Economic Dominance (2011) and the co-author (with Olivier Jeanne and John Williamson) of Who Needs to Open the Capital Account? (2012). In 2011, Foreign Policy named him one of the world's top 100 global thinkers. Before joining the Peterson Institute, Dr Subramanian was an assistant director in the Research Department of the International Monetary Fund. He holds a DPhil from the University of Oxford.

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